Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark one)

 

  x   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934  

 

For the quarterly period ended January 28, 2006

 

OR

 

  ¨   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934  

 

For the transition period from                          to                         

 

Commission file number 0-18225

 


 

CISCO SYSTEMS, INC.

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

 

California   77-0059951

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification Number)

 

170 West Tasman Drive

San Jose, California 95134

(Address of principal executive office and zip code)

 

(408) 526-4000

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 


 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES x  NO ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Large Accelerated Filer x  Accelerated Filer ¨  Non-Accelerated Filer ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES ¨  NO x

 

As of February 10, 2006, 6,150,560,178 shares of the registrant’s common stock were outstanding.

 



Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

FORM 10-Q for the Quarter Ended January 28, 2006

 

INDEX

 

Part I.    

   Financial Information    Page

Item 1.

   Financial Statements (Unaudited)     
     Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005    3
     Consolidated Balance Sheets at January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005    4
     Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005    5
     Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity for the six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005    6
     Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements    7

Item 2.

   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations    32

Item 3.

   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk    69

Item 4.

   Controls and Procedures    71

Part II.

   Other Information     

Item 1.

   Legal Proceedings    72

Item 2.

   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds    72

Item 3.

   Defaults Upon Senior Securities    73

Item 4.

   Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders    73

Item 5.

   Other Information    74

Item 6.

   Exhibits    74
     Signature    75

 

2


Table of Contents

PART I.    FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.    Financial Statements (Unaudited)

 

Cisco Systems, Inc.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in millions, except per-share amounts)

(Unaudited)

 

     Three Months Ended

   Six Months Ended

     January 28,
2006


   January 29,
2005


   January 28,
2006


   January 29,
2005


NET SALES:

                           

Product

   $ 5,537    $ 5,106    $ 11,028    $ 10,139

Service

     1,091      956      2,150      1,894
    

  

  

  

Total net sales

     6,628      6,062      13,178      12,033
    

  

  

  

COST OF SALES:

                           

Product

     1,774      1,669      3,525      3,315

Service

     388      340      777      650
    

  

  

  

Total cost of sales

     2,162      2,009      4,302      3,965
    

  

  

  

GROSS MARGIN

     4,466      4,053      8,876      8,068

OPERATING EXPENSES:

                           

Research and development

     966      811      1,962      1,616

Sales and marketing

     1,431      1,142      2,884      2,262

General and administrative

     282      228      560      458

Amortization of purchased intangible assets

     56      57      115      117

In-process research and development

     —        2      2      14
    

  

  

  

Total operating expenses

     2,735      2,240      5,523      4,467
    

  

  

  

OPERATING INCOME

     1,731      1,813      3,353      3,601

Interest income

     168      127      322      257

Other income, net

     17      17      —        57
    

  

  

  

Interest and other income, net

     185      144      322      314
    

  

  

  

INCOME BEFORE PROVISION FOR INCOME TAXES

     1,916      1,957      3,675      3,915

Provision for income taxes

     541      557      1,039      1,119
    

  

  

  

NET INCOME

   $ 1,375    $ 1,400    $ 2,636    $ 2,796
    

  

  

  

Net income per share:

                           

Basic

   $ 0.22    $ 0.21    $ 0.43    $ 0.43
    

  

  

  

Diluted

   $ 0.22    $ 0.21    $ 0.42    $ 0.42
    

  

  

  

Shares used in per-share calculation:

                           

Basic

     6,146      6,521      6,195      6,577
    

  

  

  

Diluted

     6,248      6,652      6,301      6,713
    

  

  

  

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements. Net income for the second quarter of fiscal 2006 included stock-based compensation expense under SFAS 123(R) of $210 million, net of tax, which consisted of stock-based compensation expense of $188 million, net of tax, related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases and stock-based compensation expense of $22 million, net of tax, related to acquisitions and investments. Net income for the second quarter of fiscal 2005 included stock-based compensation expense of $34 million, net of tax, related to acquisitions and investments. Net income for the first six months of fiscal 2006 included stock-based compensation expense under SFAS 123(R) of $463 million, net of tax, which consisted of stock-based compensation expense of $416 million, net of tax, related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases and stock-based compensation expense of $47 million, net of tax, related to acquisitions and investments. Net income for the first six months of fiscal 2005 included stock-based compensation expense of $72 million, net of tax, related to acquisitions and investments. There was no stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123 in the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2005 because the Company did not adopt the recognition provisions of SFAS 123.

 

Net income including pro forma stock-based compensation expense as previously disclosed in the notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2005 was $1.1 billion or $0.17 per diluted share, and $2.3 billion or $0.34 per diluted share, respectively. See Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

 

3


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in millions, except par value)

(Unaudited)

 

     January 28,
2006


    July 30,
2005


ASSETS

              

Current assets:

              

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 5,151     $ 4,742

Investments

     9,838       11,313

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $171 at January 28, 2006 and $162 at July 30, 2005

     2,537       2,216

Inventories

     1,345       1,297

Deferred tax assets

     1,476       1,475

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     1,264       967
    


 

Total current assets

     21,611       22,010

Property and equipment, net

     3,316       3,320

Goodwill

     5,422       5,295

Purchased intangible assets, net

     510       549

Other assets

     2,793       2,709
    


 

TOTAL ASSETS

   $ 33,652     $ 33,883
    


 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

              

Current liabilities:

              

Accounts payable

   $ 684     $ 735

Income taxes payable

     1,437       1,511

Accrued compensation

     1,220       1,317

Deferred revenue

     3,937       3,854

Other accrued liabilities

     2,243       2,094
    


 

Total current liabilities

     9,521       9,511

Deferred revenue

     1,163       1,188
    


 

Total liabilities

     10,684       10,699
    


 

Minority interest

     4       10

Shareholders’ equity:

              

Preferred stock, no par value: 5 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding

     —         —  

Common stock and additional paid-in capital, $0.001 par value: 20,000 shares authorized; 6,152 and 6,331 shares issued and outstanding at January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005, respectively

     22,907       22,394

Retained earnings (Accumulated deficit)

     (268 )     506

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     325       274
    


 

Total shareholders’ equity

     22,964       23,174
    


 

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

   $ 33,652     $ 33,883
    


 

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

4


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in millions)

(Unaudited)

 

     Six Months Ended

 
     January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


 

Cash flows from operating activities:

                

Net income

   $ 2,636     $ 2,796  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

                

Depreciation and amortization

     512       511  

Stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases

     578       —    

Stock-based compensation expense related to acquisitions and investments

     52       76  

Provision for doubtful accounts

     10       —    

Provision for inventory

     70       111  

Deferred income taxes

     1       (41 )

Tax benefits from employee stock option plans

     —         126  

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

     (125 )     —    

In-process research and development

     2       14  

Net (gains) losses and impairment charges on investments

     (21 )     (74 )

Change in operating assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:

                

Accounts receivable

     (329 )     (446 )

Inventories

     (115 )     (157 )

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     (47 )     73  

Lease receivables, net

     (60 )     (60 )

Accounts payable

     (51 )     8  

Income taxes payable

     63       424  

Accrued compensation

     (97 )     (252 )

Deferred revenue

     59       146  

Other accrued liabilities

     129       (7 )
    


 


Net cash provided by operating activities

     3,267       3,248  
    


 


Cash flows from investing activities:

                

Purchases of investments

     (10,467 )     (10,366 )

Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments

     11,886       11,957  

Acquisition of property and equipment

     (394 )     (290 )

Acquisition of businesses, net of cash and cash equivalents

     (150 )     (553 )

Change in investments in privately held companies

     (90 )     (110 )

Purchase of minority interest of Cisco Systems, K.K. (Japan)

     (25 )     —    

Other

     (84 )     93  
    


 


Net cash provided by investing activities

     676       731  
    


 


Cash flows from financing activities:

                

Issuance of common stock

     563       433  

Repurchase of common stock

     (4,248 )     (5,706 )

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

     125       —    

Other

     26       45  
    


 


Net cash used in financing activities

     (3,534 )     (5,228 )
    


 


Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     409       (1,249 )

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period

     4,742       3,722  
    


 


Cash and cash equivalents, end of period

   $ 5,151     $ 2,473  
    


 


 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

5


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(in millions)

(Unaudited)

 

Six Months Ended January 29, 2005


   Shares
of
Common
Stock


    Common
Stock and
Additional
Paid-In
Capital


    Retained
Earnings


    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income


   Total
Shareholders’
Equity


 

BALANCE AT JULY 31, 2004

   6,735     $ 22,450     $ 3,164     $ 212    $ 25,826  

Net income

   —         —         2,796       —        2,796  

Change in unrealized gains and losses on investments, net of tax

   —         —         —         59      59  

Other

   —         —         —         90      90  
                                 


Comprehensive income

                                  2,945  
                                 


Issuance of common stock

   42       433       —         —        433  

Repurchase of common stock

   (296 )     (991 )     (4,715 )     —        (5,706 )

Tax benefits from employee stock option plans

   —         126       —         —        126  

Purchase acquisitions

   —         51       —         —        51  

Stock-based compensation related to acquisitions and investments

   —         76       —         —        76  
    

 


 


 

  


BALANCE AT JANUARY 29, 2005

   6,481     $ 22,145     $ 1,245     $ 361    $ 23,751  
    

 


 


 

  


Six Months Ended January 28, 2006


   Shares
of
Common
Stock


    Common
Stock and
Additional
Paid-In
Capital


    Retained
Earnings
(Accumulated
Deficit)


    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income


   Total
Shareholders’
Equity


 

BALANCE AT JULY 30, 2005

   6,331     $ 22,394     $ 506     $ 274    $ 23,174  

Net income

   —         —         2,636       —        2,636  

Change in unrealized gains and losses on investments, net of tax

   —         —         —         11      11  

Other

   —         —         —         40      40  
                                 


Comprehensive income

                                  2,687  
                                 


Issuance of common stock

   56       563       —         —        563  

Repurchase of common stock

   (236 )     (838 )     (3,410 )     —        (4,248 )

Tax benefits from employee stock option plans

   —         140       —         —        140  

Purchase acquisitions

   1       24       —         —        24  

Stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases

   —         572       —         —        572  

Stock-based compensation expense related to acquisitions and investments

   —         52       —         —        52  
    

 


 


 

  


BALANCE AT JANUARY 28, 2006

   6,152     $ 22,907     $ (268 )   $ 325    $ 22,964  
    

 


 


 

  


 

Supplemental Information

 

In September 2001, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized a stock repurchase program. As of January 28, 2006, the Company’s Board of Directors has authorized the repurchase of up to $35 billion of common stock under this program. For additional information regarding stock repurchases, see Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. The purchase price of shares of common stock repurchased was reflected as (i) a reduction to retained earnings until retained earnings were zero and then as an increase to accumulated deficit and (ii) a reduction of common stock and additional paid-in capital. Issuance of common stock and the tax benefit related to employee stock option plans are recorded in shareholders’ equity as an increase to common stock and additional paid-in capital. The stock repurchases since the inception of this program are summarized in the table below (in millions):

 

     Shares
of
Common
Stock


   Common
Stock and
Additional
Paid-In
Capital


   Retained
Earnings
(Accumulated
Deficit)


   Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income


   Total
Shareholders’
Equity


Repurchases of common stock

   1,732    $ 5,540    $ 25,861    $ —      $ 31,401

 

See Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

6


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

1.    DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

 

Cisco Systems, Inc. (the “Company” or “Cisco”) manufactures and sells networking and communications products and provides services associated with that equipment and its use. The Company’s products are installed at corporations, public institutions, telecommunication companies, and commercial businesses and are also found in personal residences. Cisco provides a broad line of products for transporting data, voice, and video within buildings, across campuses, and around the world.

 

2.    SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Fiscal Year

 

The Company’s fiscal year is the 52 or 53 weeks ending on the last Saturday in July. Fiscal 2006 and fiscal 2005 are 52-week fiscal years.

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying financial data as of January 28, 2006 and for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005 has been prepared by the Company, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. The July 30, 2005 Consolidated Balance Sheet was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. However, the Company believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the notes thereto, included in the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed February 10, 2006.

 

In the opinion of management, all adjustments (which include normal recurring adjustments, except as disclosed herein) necessary to present a fair statement of financial position as of January 28, 2006, results of operations for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, cash flows and shareholders’ equity for the six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, as applicable, have been made. The results of operations for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full fiscal year or any future periods.

 

Stock-Based Compensation Expense

 

On July 31, 2005, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (revised 2004), “Share-Based Payment,” (“SFAS 123(R)”) which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all share-based payment awards made to employees and directors including employee stock options and employee stock purchases related to the Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“employee stock purchases”) based on estimated fair values. SFAS 123(R) supersedes the Company’s previous accounting under Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees” (“APB 25”) for periods beginning in fiscal 2006. In March 2005, the Securities and Exchange Commission issued Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 107 (“SAB 107”) relating to SFAS 123(R). The Company has applied the provisions of SAB 107 in its adoption of SFAS 123(R).

 

The Company adopted SFAS 123(R) using the modified prospective transition method, which requires the application of the accounting standard as of July 31, 2005, the first day of the Company’s fiscal year 2006. The Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements as of and for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 reflect the impact of SFAS 123(R). In accordance with the modified prospective transition method, the Company’s Consolidated Financial Statements for prior periods have not been restated to reflect, and do not

 

7


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

include, the impact of SFAS 123(R). Stock-based compensation expense recognized under SFAS 123(R) for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 was $285 million and $630 million, respectively, which consisted of stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases of $261 million and $578 million, respectively, and stock-based compensation expense related to acquisitions and investments of $24 million and $52 million, respectively. Stock-based compensation expense of $36 million and $76 million for the three and six months ended January 29, 2005, respectively, was related to acquisitions and investments which the Company had been recognizing under previous accounting standards. There was no stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases recognized during the three and six months ended January 29, 2005. See Note 9 for additional information.

 

SFAS 123(R) requires companies to estimate the fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is recognized as expense over the requisite service periods in the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Operations. Prior to the adoption of SFAS 123(R), the Company accounted for stock-based awards to employees and directors using the intrinsic value method in accordance with APB 25 as allowed under Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation” (“SFAS 123”). Under the intrinsic value method, no stock-based compensation expense had been recognized in the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Operations, other than as related to acquisitions and investments, because the exercise price of the Company’s stock options granted to employees and directors equaled the fair market value of the underlying stock at the date of grant.

 

Stock-based compensation expense recognized during the period is based on the value of the portion of share-based payment awards that is ultimately expected to vest during the period. Stock-based compensation expense recognized in the Company’s Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 included compensation expense for share-based payment awards granted prior to, but not yet vested as of July 30, 2005 based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the pro forma provisions of SFAS 123 and compensation expense for the share-based payment awards granted subsequent to July 30, 2005 based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the provisions of SFAS 123(R). In conjunction with the adoption of SFAS 123(R), the Company changed its method of attributing the value of stock-based compensation to expense from the accelerated multiple-option approach to the straight-line single option method. Compensation expense for all share-based payment awards granted on or prior to July 30, 2005 will continue to be recognized using the accelerated multiple-option approach while compensation expense for all share-based payment awards granted subsequent to July 30, 2005 is recognized using the straight-line single-option method. As stock-based compensation expense recognized in the Consolidated Statement of Operations for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006 is based on awards ultimately expected to vest, it has been reduced for estimated forfeitures. SFAS 123(R) requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. In the Company’s pro forma information required under SFAS 123 for the periods prior to fiscal 2006, the Company accounted for forfeitures as they occurred.

 

Upon adoption of SFAS 123(R), the Company also changed its method of valuation for share-based awards granted beginning in fiscal 2006 to a lattice-binomial option-pricing model (“lattice-binomial model”) from the Black-Scholes option-pricing model (“Black-Scholes model”) which was previously used for the Company’s pro forma information required under SFAS 123. For additional information, see Note 9. The Company’s determination of fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model is affected by the Company’s stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of highly complex and subjective variables. These variables include, but are not limited to, the Company’s expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, and actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors. Option-pricing models were developed for use in estimating the value of traded options that have no vesting or

 

8


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

hedging restrictions and are fully transferable. Because the Company’s employee stock options have certain characteristics that are significantly different from traded options, and because changes in the subjective assumptions can materially affect the estimated value, in management’s opinion, the existing valuation models may not provide an accurate measure of the fair value of the Company’s employee stock options. Although the fair value of employee stock options is determined in accordance with SFAS 123(R) and SAB 107 using an option-pricing model, that value may not be indicative of the fair value observed in a willing buyer/willing seller market transaction.

 

On November 10, 2005, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued FASB Staff Position No. FAS 123(R)-3 “Transition Election Related to Accounting for Tax Effects of Share-Based Payment Awards.” The Company has elected to adopt the alternative transition method provided in the FASB Staff Position for calculating the tax effects of stock-based compensation pursuant to SFAS 123(R). The alternative transition method includes simplified methods to establish the beginning balance of the additional paid-in capital pool (“APIC pool”) related to the tax effects of employee stock-based compensation, and to determine the subsequent impact on the APIC pool and Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows of the tax effects of employee stock-based compensation awards that are outstanding upon adoption of SFAS 123(R).

 

Computation of Net Income per Share

 

Basic net income per share is computed using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net income per share is computed using the weighted-average number of common shares and dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period. Dilutive potential common shares primarily consist of employee stock options and restricted common stock.

 

Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 128, “Earnings per Share,” requires that employee equity share options, nonvested shares and similar equity instruments granted by the Company be treated as potential common shares outstanding in computing diluted earnings per share. Diluted shares outstanding include the dilutive effect of in-the-money options which is calculated based on the average share price for each fiscal period using the treasury stock method. Under the treasury stock method, the amount the employee must pay for exercising stock options, the amount of compensation cost for future service that the Company has not yet recognized, and the amount of tax benefits that would be recorded in additional paid-in capital when the award becomes deductible are assumed to be used to repurchase shares.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period balances in order to conform to the current period’s presentation.

 

3.    BUSINESS COMBINATIONS

 

Purchase Acquisitions

 

During the second quarter of fiscal 2006, the Company completed the following acquisitions:

 

    Acquisition of Intellishield Alert Manager, a unit of Cybertrust, to augment the Company’s current portfolio of Security Lifecycle Services that are designed to assist customers in making their networks more secure

 

    Purchase of select assets and intellectual property of Digital Fairway Corporation to develop a unified, automated enterprise-class provisioning platform supporting the Company’s range of enterprise IP communications products

 

9


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

During the first quarter of fiscal 2006, the Company completed the following acquisitions:

 

    Acquisition of KiSS Technology A/S to develop networked entertainment products for the consumer

 

    Purchase of the assets of Nemo Systems, Inc. to provide technology in the network memory space that is designed to allow customers to scale network systems and line card bandwidth while reducing the overall cost of networking systems

 

    Acquisition of Sheer Networks, Inc. to provide technology that is designed to adapt to network changes, scale to large networks, and help extend new technologies and services to simplify the task of monitoring and maintaining complex networks

 

A summary of the acquisitions is as follows for the six months ended January 28, 2006 (in millions):

 

Acquisition


   Shares Issued

   Purchase
Consideration


   Assumed
Liabilities


   In-Process
R&D
Expense


   Purchased
Intangible
Assets


   Goodwill

KiSS Technology A/S

   1    $ 51    $ 18    $ 2    $ 19    $ 39

Nemo Systems, Inc.

   —        5      1      —        10      —  

Sheer Networks, Inc.

   —        96      7      —        29      56

Intellishield Alert Manager

   —        15      —        —        5      10

Digital Fairway

   —        13      —        —        13      —  
    
  

  

  

  

  

Total

   1    $ 180    $ 26    $ 2    $ 76    $ 105
    
  

  

  

  

  

 

Under the terms of the definitive agreements, the purchase consideration for the acquisitions in the first six months of fiscal 2006 consisted of cash and shares of Cisco common stock and stock options assumed. The Consolidated Financial Statements include the operating results of each business from the date of acquisition. Pro forma results of operations have not been presented because the effects of these acquisitions, individually or in the aggregate, were not material to the Company’s results.

 

In-Process Research and Development

 

The Company’s methodology for allocating the purchase price for purchase acquisitions to in-process research and development (“in-process R&D”) is determined through established valuation techniques in the high-technology communications equipment industry. In-process R&D is expensed upon acquisition because technological feasibility has not been established and no future alternative uses exist. There was no in-process R&D expense for the three months ended January 28, 2006. Total in-process R&D expense was $2 million for the three months ended January 29, 2005. Total in-process R&D expense was $2 million and $14 million for the six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, respectively.

 

Purchased Intangible Assets

 

The following table presents details of the purchased intangible assets acquired during the six months ended January 28, 2006 (in millions, except years):

 

     TECHNOLOGY

   CUSTOMER
RELATIONSHIPS


   OTHER

   Total

Acquisition


   Estimated
Useful Life
(in Years)


   Amount

  

Estimated

Useful Life

(in Years)


   Amount

  

Estimated

Useful Life

(in Years)


   Amount

  

KiSS Technology A/S

   4.5    $ 11    5.5    $ 6    5.0    $ 2    $ 19

Nemo Systems, Inc.

   4.5      10    —        —      —        —        10

Sheer Networks, Inc.

   4.5      16    6.0      11    4.5      2      29

Intellishield Alert Manager

   4.0      2    7.0      3    —        —        5

Digital Fairway

   5.5      13    —        —      —        —        13
         

       

       

  

Total

        $ 52         $ 20         $ 4    $ 76
         

       

       

  

 

10


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

The following tables present details of the Company’s total purchased intangible assets (in millions):

 

January 28, 2006


   Gross

   Accumulated
Amortization


    Net

Technology

   $ 709    $ (356 )   $ 353

Customer relationships

     208      (79 )     129

Trade names

     66      (43 )     23

Other

     60      (55 )     5
    

  


 

Total

   $ 1,043    $ (533 )   $ 510
    

  


 

July 30, 2005


   Gross

   Accumulated
Amortization


    Net

Technology

   $ 880    $ (501 )   $ 379

Customer relationships

     188      (53 )     135

Trade names

     64      (35 )     29

Other

     66      (60 )     6
    

  


 

Total

   $ 1,198    $ (649 )   $ 549
    

  


 

 

The estimated future amortization expense of purchased intangible assets as of January 28, 2006 is as follows (in millions):

 

Fiscal Year


   Amount

2006 (remaining six months)

   $ 83

2007

     156

2008

     121

2009

     80

2010

     37

Thereafter

     33
    

Total

   $ 510
    

 

Goodwill

 

Beginning in fiscal 2006, the Company’s reportable segments were changed to the following theaters: United States and Canada, European Markets, Emerging Markets, Asia Pacific, and Japan. As a result, the Company reallocated the goodwill at July 31, 2005 to these reportable segments. In the first quarter of fiscal 2006, the Company also purchased the remaining portion of the minority interest of Cisco Systems, K.K. (Japan) and recorded goodwill of $22 million. The following table presents the changes in goodwill allocated to the Company’s reportable segments during the six months ended January 28, 2006 (in millions):

 

     Balance at
July 31,
2005


   Acquired

   Balance at
January 28,
2006


United States and Canada

   $ 3,304    $ 68    $ 3,372

European Markets

     744      20      764

Emerging Markets

     253      8      261

Asia Pacific

     266      8      274

Japan

     728      23      751
    

  

  

Total

   $ 5,295    $ 127    $ 5,422
    

  

  

 

11


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Compensation Expense Related to Acquisitions and Investments

 

The following table presents the compensation expense related to acquisitions and investments (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended

   Six Months Ended

    

January 28,

2006


  

January 29,

2005


  

January 28,

2006


  

January 29,

2005


Stock-based compensation related to acquisitions and investments

   $ 24    $ 36    $ 52    $ 76

Cash compensation related to acquisitions and investments

     6      3      18      3
    

  

  

  

Total

   $ 30    $ 39    $ 70    $ 79
    

  

  

  

 

Compensation Expense Related to Purchase Acquisitions

 

In connection with the Company’s purchase acquisitions and asset purchases, the Company may be required to pay certain additional amounts of up to $90 million in cash contingent upon achieving certain agreed-upon technology, development, product, or other milestones or continued employment of certain employees with the Company. In each case, any additional amounts paid will be recorded as compensation expense. During the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006, the Company paid $4 million and $11 million, respectively, of additional purchase consideration and as of January 28, 2006, the Company has paid $11 million of additional purchase consideration for these acquisitions.

 

Beginning in fiscal 2006, stock-based compensation expense related to purchase acquisitions is calculated under SFAS 123(R) and recognized over the remaining vesting periods. During the second quarter and the first six months of fiscal 2006, the Company recorded stock-based compensation expense of $24 million and $52 million, respectively, related to acquisitions and investments and credited additional paid-in capital. Prior to fiscal 2006, a portion of the purchase consideration for purchase acquisitions was recorded as deferred stock-based compensation. Deferred stock-based compensation represented the intrinsic value of the unvested portion of any restricted shares exchanged, options assumed, or options canceled and replaced with the Company’s options and was amortized as stock-based compensation expense related to acquisitions over the remaining respective vesting periods. The balance for deferred stock-based compensation was reflected as a reduction to additional paid-in capital in the Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity. The following table presents the activity of deferred stock-based compensation for the three and six months ended January 29, 2005 (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended
January 29, 2005


    Six Months Ended
January 29, 2005


 

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 169     $ 153  

Purchase acquisitions

     15       71  

Amortization

     (36 )     (76 )
    


 


Balance at end of period

   $ 148     $ 148  
    


 


 

Compensation Expense Relating to Acquisitions of Variable Interest Entities

 

In connection with the Company’s acquisitions of variable interest entities, the Company may be required to pay certain additional amounts of up to $180 million in cash contingent upon achieving certain agreed-upon technology, development, product, or other milestones or continued employment of certain employees with the Company. In each case, any additional amounts paid will be recorded as compensation expense. During the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006, the Company paid $2 million and $7 million, respectively, of additional purchase consideration. The Company paid $3 million of additional purchase consideration during the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2005. As of January 28, 2006, the Company has paid $17 million of additional purchase consideration for these acquisitions.

 

12


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

4.    BALANCE SHEET DETAILS

 

The following tables provide details of selected balance sheet items (in millions):

 

     January 28,
2006


    July 30,
2005


 

Inventories

                

Raw materials

   $ 96     $ 82  

Work in process

     477       431  

Finished goods:

                

Distributor inventory and deferred cost of sales

     419       385  

Manufacturing finished goods

     145       184  
    


 


Total finished goods

     564       569  

Service-related spares

     171       180  

Demonstration systems

     37       35  
    


 


Total

   $ 1,345     $ 1,297  
    


 


Property and equipment, net

                

Land, buildings, and leasehold improvements

   $ 3,538     $ 3,492  

Computer equipment and related software

     1,307       1,244  

Production, engineering, and other equipment

     3,377       3,095  

Operating lease assets

     139       136  

Furniture and fixtures

     359       355  
    


 


       8,720       8,322  

Less, accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (5,404 )     (5,002 )
    


 


Total

   $ 3,316     $ 3,320  
    


 


Other assets

                

Deferred tax assets

   $ 1,329     $ 1,308  

Investments in privately held companies

     452       421  

Income tax receivable

     277       277  

Lease receivables, net

     379       353  

Other

     356       350  
    


 


Total

   $ 2,793     $ 2,709  
    


 


Deferred revenue

                

Service

   $ 3,765     $ 3,618  

Product

                

Unrecognized revenue on product shipments and other deferred revenue

     1,079       1,201  

Cash receipts related to unrecognized revenue from two-tier distributors

     256       223  
    


 


       1,335       1,424  
    


 


Total

   $ 5,100     $ 5,042  
    


 


Reported as:

                

Current

   $ 3,937     $ 3,854  

Noncurrent

     1,163       1,188  
    


 


Total

   $ 5,100     $ 5,042  
    


 


 

13


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

5.    LEASE RECEIVABLES, NET

 

Lease receivables represent sales-type and direct-financing leases resulting from the sale of the Company’s and complementary third-party products and services. These lease arrangements typically have terms from two to three years and are generally collateralized by a security interest in the underlying assets. The current portion of lease receivables, net, is recorded in prepaid expenses and other current assets, and the noncurrent portion is recorded in other assets in the Consolidated Balance Sheets. The net lease receivables are summarized as follows as of January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005 (in millions):

 

     January 28,
2006


    July 30,
2005


 

Gross lease receivables

   $ 814     $ 731  

Unearned income and other allowances

     (153 )     (130 )
    


 


Total

   $ 661     $ 601  
    


 


Reported as:

                

Current

   $ 282     $ 248  

Noncurrent

     379       353  
    


 


Total

   $ 661     $ 601  
    


 


 

Contractual maturities of the gross lease receivables at January 28, 2006 were as follows (in millions):

 

Fiscal Year


   Amount

2006 (remaining six months)

   $ 222

2007

     250

2008

     160

2009

     112

2010

     55

Thereafter

     15
    

Total

   $ 814
    

 

Actual cash collections may differ from the contractual maturities due to early customer buyouts, refinancings, or defaults.

 

6.    INVESTMENTS

 

The following tables summarize the Company’s investments (in millions):

 

January 28, 2006


   Amortized
Cost


   Gross
Unrealized
Gains


   Gross
Unrealized
Losses


    Fair
Value


Fixed income securities:

                            

U.S. government notes and bonds

   $ 3,091    $ —      $ (32 )   $ 3,059

Corporate notes, bonds, and asset-backed securities

     5,205      2      (70 )     5,137

Municipal notes and bonds

     724      —        (3 )     721
    

  

  


 

Total fixed income securities

     9,020      2      (105 )     8,917

Publicly traded equity securities

     574      350      (3 )     921
    

  

  


 

Total

   $ 9,594    $ 352    $ (108 )   $ 9,838
    

  

  


 

 

14


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

July 30, 2005


   Amortized
Cost


   Gross
Unrealized
Gains


   Gross
Unrealized
Losses


    Fair
Value


Fixed income securities:

                            

U.S. government notes and bonds

   $ 3,453    $ 2    $ (25 )   $ 3,430

Corporate notes, bonds, and asset-backed securities

     6,299      3      (63 )     6,239

Municipal notes and bonds

     705      —        (2 )     703
    

  

  


 

Total fixed income securities

     10,457      5      (90 )     10,372

Publicly traded equity securities

     514      433      (6 )     941
    

  

  


 

Total

   $ 10,971    $ 438    $ (96 )   $ 11,313
    

  

  


 

 

Effective October 29, 2005 the Company changed the method of classification of its investments previously classified as long-term investments to current assets and prior period balances have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation. This new method classifies these securities as current or long-term based on the nature of the securities and the availability for use in current operations while the prior classification was based on the maturities of the investments. The Company believes this method is preferable because it is more reflective of the Company’s assessment of its overall liquidity position. In conjunction with this change in classification of investments, the Company changed the classification of deferred taxes related to the unrealized gains and losses on long-term investments from noncurrent assets to current assets.

 

The following table summarizes the maturities of the Company’s fixed income securities at January 28, 2006 (in millions):

 

     Amortized
Cost


   Fair
Value


Less than one year

   $ 2,021    $ 2,010

Due in 1 to 2 years

     2,510      2,482

Due in 2 to 5 years

     3,767      3,706

Due after 5 years

     722      719
    

  

Total

   $ 9,020    $ 8,917
    

  

 

Actual maturities may differ from the contractual maturities because borrowers have the right to call or prepay certain obligations.

 

7.    COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Operating Leases

 

The Company leases office space in several U.S. locations, as well as locations in Canada; European Markets; Emerging Markets; Asia Pacific; and Japan. Future annual minimum lease payments under all noncancelable operating leases with an initial term in excess of one year as of January 28, 2006 were as follows (in millions):

 

Fiscal Year


   Amount

2006 (remaining six months)

   $ 118

2007

     181

2008

     134

2009

     104

2010

     97

Thereafter

     579
    

Total

   $ 1,213
    

 

15


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Purchase Commitments with Contract Manufacturers and Suppliers

 

The Company purchases components from a variety of suppliers and uses several contract manufacturers to provide manufacturing services for its products. During the normal course of business, in order to manage manufacturing lead times and help assure adequate component supply, the Company enters into agreements with contract manufacturers and suppliers that either allow them to procure inventory based upon criteria as defined by the Company or that establish the parameters defining the Company’s requirements. In certain instances, these agreements allow the Company the option to cancel, reschedule, and adjust the Company’s requirements based on its business needs prior to firm orders being placed. Consequently, only a portion of the Company’s reported purchase commitments arising from these agreements is firm, noncancelable, and unconditional commitments. As of January 28, 2006, the Company had total purchase commitments for inventory of approximately $1.2 billion, compared with $954 million as of July 30, 2005.

 

In addition to the above, the Company records a liability for firm, noncancelable, and unconditional purchase commitments for quantities in excess of its future demand forecasts consistent with the Company’s allowance for inventory. As of January 28, 2006, the liability for these firm, noncancelable, and unconditional purchase commitments was $122 million, compared with $107 million as of July 30, 2005, and was included in other accrued liabilities.

 

Other Commitments

 

The Company has entered into an agreement to invest approximately $800 million in venture funds managed by SOFTBANK Corp. and its affiliates (“SOFTBANK”) that are required to be funded on demand. The total commitment is to be invested in venture funds and as senior debt with entities as directed by SOFTBANK. The Company’s commitment to fund the senior debt is contingent upon the achievement of certain agreed-upon milestones. As of January 28, 2006, the Company had invested $468 million in the venture funds pursuant to the commitment, compared with $414 million as of July 30, 2005. In addition, as of January 28, 2006, the Company has invested $49 million in the senior debt pursuant to the commitment, all of which has been repaid. As of July 30, 2005, the Company had invested $49 million in the senior debt pursuant to the commitment, of which $47 million had been repaid.

 

The Company also has certain other funding commitments related to its privately held investments that are based on the achievement of certain agreed-upon milestones. These funding commitments were approximately $51 million as of January 28, 2006, compared with approximately $56 million as of July 30, 2005.

 

Variable Interest Entities

 

In the ordinary course of business, the Company has investments in privately held companies and provides financing to certain customers through its wholly owned subsidiaries, which may be considered to be variable interest entities. The Company has evaluated its investments in privately held companies and customer financings and determined that there were no significant unconsolidated variable interest entities as of January 28, 2006.

 

Guarantees and Product Warranties

 

FASB Interpretation No. 45, “Guarantor’s Accounting and Disclosure Requirements for Guarantees, Including Indirect Guarantees of Indebtedness of Others” (“FIN 45”), requires that upon issuance of a guarantee, the guarantor must disclose and recognize a liability for the fair value of the obligation it assumes under that guarantee. The requirements of FIN 45 are applicable to the Company’s product warranty liability and certain

 

16


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

guarantees. The Company’s guarantees issued subject to the recognition and disclosure requirements of FIN 45 as of January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005 were not material. As of January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005, the Company’s product warranty liability recorded in other accrued liabilities was $258 million and $259 million, respectively. The following table summarizes the activity related to the product warranty liability during the six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005 (in millions):

 

     Six Months Ended

 
     January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


 

Balance at beginning of period

   $ 259     $ 239  

Provision for warranties issued

     190       208  

Payments

     (191 )     (197 )
    


 


Balance at end of period

   $ 258     $ 250  
    


 


 

The Company accrues for warranty costs as part of its cost of sales based on associated material product costs, technical support labor costs, and associated overhead. The products sold are generally covered by a warranty for periods ranging from 90 days to five years, and for some products, the Company provides a limited lifetime warranty. The provision for warranties during the six months ended January 28, 2006 included $6 million of stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123(R).

 

In the normal course of business to facilitate sales of its products, the Company indemnifies other parties, including customers, lessors, and parties to other transactions with the Company, with respect to certain matters. The Company has agreed to hold the other parties harmless against losses arising from a breach of representations or covenants or out of intellectual property infringement or other claims made against certain parties. These agreements may limit the time within which an indemnification claim can be made and the amount of the claim. In addition, the Company has entered into indemnification agreements with its officers and directors, and the Company’s bylaws contain similar indemnification obligations to the Company’s agents.

 

It is not possible to determine the maximum potential amount under these indemnification agreements due to the limited history of prior indemnification claims and the unique facts and circumstances involved in each particular agreement. Historically, payments made by the Company under these agreements have not had a material effect on the Company’s operating results, financial position, or cash flows.

 

Derivative Instruments

 

The Company uses derivative instruments to manage exposures to foreign currency, interest rate, and equity security price risks. The Company’s objective in holding derivatives is to reduce the volatility of earnings and cash flows associated with changes in foreign currency, interest rates, and equity security prices. The Company’s derivatives expose it to credit risk to the extent that the counterparties may be unable to meet the terms of the agreement. The Company seeks to reduce such risks by limiting its counterparties to major financial institutions. In addition, the potential risk of loss with any one counterparty resulting from this type of credit risk is monitored. Management does not expect material losses as a result of defaults by counterparties.

 

Foreign Currency Derivatives

 

The Company conducts business globally in several currencies. As such, it is exposed to adverse movements in foreign currency exchange rates. The Company enters into foreign exchange forward contracts to reduce the

 

17


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

short-term effects of foreign currency fluctuations on certain foreign currency receivables, investments, and payables. The gains and losses on the foreign exchange forward contracts offset the transaction gains and losses on certain foreign currency receivables, investments, and payables recognized in earnings.

 

The Company does not enter into foreign exchange forward contracts for trading purposes. Gains and losses on the contracts are included in other income (loss), net, in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and offset foreign exchange gains and losses from the revaluation of intercompany balances or other current assets, investments, or liabilities denominated in currencies other than the functional currency of the reporting entity. The Company’s foreign exchange forward contracts related to current assets and liabilities generally range from one to three months in original maturity. Additionally, the Company has entered into foreign exchange forward contracts with maturities of up to two years related to long-term customer financings. The foreign exchange contracts related to investments generally have maturities of less than one year.

 

The Company periodically hedges certain foreign currency forecasted transactions related to certain operating expenses with currency options. These transactions are designated as cash flow hedges. The effective portion of the derivative’s gain or loss is initially reported as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income and subsequently reclassified into earnings when the hedged exposure affects earnings. The ineffective portion, if any, of the gain or loss is reported in earnings immediately. These currency option contracts generally have maturities of less than 18 months. The Company does not purchase currency options for trading purposes. Foreign exchange forward and option contracts as of January 28, 2006 are summarized as follows (in millions):

 

     Notional
Amount


   Fair
Value


 

Forward contracts:

               

Purchased

   $ 993    $ —    

Sold

   $ 489    $ (1 )

Option contracts:

               

Purchased

   $ 463    $ 8  

Sold

   $ 579    $ (2 )

 

Interest Rate Derivatives

 

The Company’s primary objective for holding fixed income and debt securities is to improve its investment return while preserving principal and managing risk. To realize these objectives, the Company may utilize interest rate swaps or other derivatives designated as fair value or cash flow hedges. As of January 28, 2006, the Company had entered into $1 billion of interest rate swaps designated as fair value hedges. Under the interest rate swap contracts, the Company makes fixed-rate interest payments and receives interest payments based on the London InterBank Offered Rate (LIBOR). The effect of these swaps is to convert fixed-rate returns to LIBOR-based returns on a portion of the Company’s fixed income portfolio. The gains and losses related to changes in the value of the interest rate swaps are included in other income (loss), net, in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and offset the changes in fair value of the underlying hedged investment. As of January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005, the fair value of the interest rate swaps was $29 million and $15 million, respectively.

 

Equity Derivatives

 

The Company maintains a portfolio of publicly traded equity securities which are subject to price risk. The Company may hold equity securities for strategic purposes or to provide diversification for the Company’s overall investment portfolio. In order to manage its exposure to changes in the value of certain equity securities, the Company may, from time to time, enter into equity derivative contracts. As of January 28, 2006, the

 

18


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Company had entered into forward sale and option agreements on certain publicly traded equity securities designated as fair value hedges. The gains and losses due to changes in the value of the hedging instruments are included in other income (loss), net, in the Consolidated Statements of Operations and offset the change in the fair value of the underlying hedged investment. As of January 28, 2006, the notional and fair value amounts of the derivatives were $198 million and $96 million, respectively. As of July 30, 2005, the notional and fair value amounts of the derivatives were $198 million and $19 million, respectively.

 

Legal Proceedings

 

Beginning on April 20, 2001, a number of purported shareholder class action lawsuits were filed in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California against the Company and certain of its officers and directors. The lawsuits have been consolidated, and the consolidated action is purportedly brought on behalf of those who purchased the Company’s publicly traded securities between August 10, 1999 and February 6, 2001. Plaintiffs allege that defendants have made false and misleading statements, purport to assert claims for violations of the federal securities laws, and seek unspecified compensatory damages and other relief. The Company believes the claims are without merit and intend to defend the actions vigorously. While the Company believes there is no legal basis for liability, due to the uncertainty surrounding the litigation process, the Company is unable to reasonably estimate a range of loss, if any, at this time.

 

On February 16, 2005, a purported shareholder derivative lawsuit was filed in the Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara, against various of the Company’s officers and directors and naming the Company as a nominal defendant. The lawsuit includes claims for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, constructive trust and violations of the California Corporations Code, is based upon allegations of wrongdoing in connection with option grants and compensation to officers and directors, the timing of option grants, and the Company’s stock repurchase program, and seeks unspecified compensation and other damages, rescission of options and other relief.

 

In addition, the Company is subject to legal proceedings, claims, and litigation arising in the ordinary course of business, including intellectual property litigation. While the outcome of these matters is currently not determinable, the Company does not expect that the ultimate costs to resolve these matters will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

8.    SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Stock Repurchase Program

 

In September 2001, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized a stock repurchase program. As of January 28, 2006, the Company’s Board of Directors had authorized the repurchase of up to $35 billion of common stock under this program. During the first six months of fiscal 2006, the Company repurchased and retired 236 million shares of Cisco common stock at an average price of $18.01 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $4.2 billion. As of January 28, 2006, the Company had repurchased and retired 1.7 billion shares of Cisco common stock for an average price of $18.13 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $31.4 billion since inception of the stock repurchase program, and the remaining authorized amount for stock repurchases under this program was $3.6 billion with no termination date.

 

The purchase price for the shares of the Company’s stock repurchased was reflected as a reduction to shareholders’ equity. In accordance with Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 6, “Status of Accounting Research Bulletins,” the Company is required to allocate the purchase price of the repurchased shares as (i) a reduction to retained earnings until retained earnings are zero and then as an increase to accumulated deficit and (ii) a reduction of common stock and additional paid-in capital.

 

19


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Comprehensive Income

 

The components of comprehensive income are as follows (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended

    Six Months Ended

 
     January 28,
2006


   January 29,
2005


    January 28,
2006


   January 29,
2005


 

Net income

   $ 1,375    $ 1,400     $ 2,636    $ 2,796  

Other comprehensive income:

                              

Change in unrealized gains and losses on investments, net of tax

     78      (142 )     8      (19 )

Other

     25      28       40      90  
    

  


 

  


Other comprehensive income before minority interest

     1,478      1,286       2,684      2,867  

Change in minority interest

     —        116       3      78  
    

  


 

  


Total

   $ 1,478    $ 1,402     $ 2,687    $ 2,945  
    

  


 

  


 

9.    EMPLOYEE STOCK BENEFIT PLANS

 

Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

The Company has an Employee Stock Purchase Plan, which includes its sub-plan, the International Employee Stock Purchase Plan (together the “Purchase Plan”), under which 321.4 million shares of the Company’s stock have been reserved for issuance. Eligible employees may purchase a limited number of shares of the Company’s stock at a discount of up to 15% of the market value at certain plan-defined dates. The Purchase Plan terminates on January 3, 2010. During the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, the Company issued 11 million and 10 million shares, respectively, under the Purchase Plan. At January 28, 2006, 109 million shares were available for issuance under the Purchase Plan.

 

Employee Stock Option Plans

 

Stock Option Program Description

 

As of January 28, 2006, the Company had three stock incentive plans: the 2005 Stock Incentive Plan (the “2005 Plan”), the 1996 Stock Incentive Plan (the “1996 Plan”) and the 1997 Supplemental Stock Incentive Plan (the “Supplemental Plan”).

 

Stock option grants are designed to reward employees for their long-term contributions to the Company and provide incentives for them to remain with the Company. The number and frequency of stock option grants are based on competitive practices, operating results of the Company, and government regulations.

 

The maximum number of shares issuable over the term of the 2005 Plan is limited to 350 million shares. The 2005 Plan permits the granting of stock options, stock grants, stock units and stock appreciation rights to employees (including employee directors and officers) and consultants of the Company and its subsidiaries and affiliates, and non-employee directors of the Company. Options granted under the 2005 Plan have an exercise price of at least 100% of the fair market value of the underlying stock on the grant date and expire no later than nine years from the grant date. The options will generally become exercisable for 20% of the option shares one year from the date of grant and then ratably over the following 48 months. The Compensation and Management

 

20


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Development Committee of the Board of Directors has the discretion to use a different vesting schedule. Stock appreciation rights may be awarded in combination with stock options or stock grants and such awards shall provide that the stock appreciation rights will not be exercisable unless the related stock options or stock grants are forfeited. Stock grants may be awarded in combination with nonstatutory stock options, and such awards may provide that the stock grants will be forfeited in the event that the related nonstatutory stock options are exercised.

 

The maximum number of shares issuable over the term of the 1996 Plan is limited to 2.5 billion shares. Options granted under the 1996 Plan have an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the underlying stock on the grant date and expire no later than nine years from the grant date. The options will generally become exercisable for 20% or 25% of the option shares one year from the date of grant and then ratably over the following 48 or 36 months, respectively. Certain other grants have utilized a 60-month ratable vesting schedule. In addition, the Board of Directors, or other committee administering the plan, has the discretion to use a different vesting schedule and has done so from time to time. Since the inception of the 1996 Plan, the Company has granted options to virtually all employees, and the majority has been granted to employees below the vice president level.

 

In 1997, the Company adopted the Supplemental Plan, under which options can be granted or shares can be directly issued to eligible employees. Officers and members of the Company’s Board of Directors are not eligible to participate in the Supplemental Plan. Nine million shares have been reserved for issuance under the Supplemental Plan, of which 3 million options were granted. All option grants have an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the underlying stock on the grant date. No option grants or direct share issuances were made for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005 under the Supplemental Plan, and the Company will no longer make option grants or direct share issuances under the Supplemental Plan.

 

Distribution and Dilutive Effect of Options

 

The following table illustrates the grant dilution and exercise dilution (in millions, except percentages):

 

     Six Months Ended

 
     January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


 

Shares of common stock outstanding

   6,152     6,481  
    

 

Granted and assumed

   167     201  

Canceled/forfeited/expired

   (44 )   (31 )
    

 

Net options granted

   123     170  
    

 

Grant dilution (1)

   2.0 %   2.6 %
    

 

Exercised

   45     32  

Exercise dilution (2)

   0.7 %   0.5 %
    

 

 

Note 1: The percentage for grant dilution is computed based on net options granted as a percentage of shares of common stock outstanding.

 

Note 2: The percentage for exercise dilution is computed based on options exercised as a percentage of shares of common stock outstanding.

 

Basic and diluted shares outstanding for the six months ended January 28, 2006 were 6.2 billion shares and 6.3 billion shares, respectively. Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 128, “Earnings per Share,”

 

21


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

requires that employee equity share options, nonvested shares and similar equity instruments granted by the Company are treated as potential common shares in computing diluted earnings per share. Diluted shares outstanding include the dilutive effect of in-the-money options which is calculated based on the average share price for each fiscal period using the treasury stock method. Under the treasury stock method, the amount that the employee must pay for exercising stock options, the amount of compensation cost for future service that the Company has not yet recognized, and the amount of tax benefits that would be recorded in additional paid-in capital when the award becomes deductible are assumed to be used to repurchase shares. During the six months ended January 28, 2006, the dilutive effect of in-the-money employee stock options was approximately 110 million shares or 1.8% of the basic shares outstanding based on the Company’s average share price of $17.86.

 

The Named Executive Officers represent the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and the four other most highly paid executive officers whose salary and bonus for the fiscal year ended July 30, 2005 and July 31, 2004, respectively, were in excess of $100,000. The following table summarizes the options granted to the Named Executive Officers during the periods indicated (in millions, except percentages):

 

    Six Months Ended

 
    January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


 

Options granted to the Named Executive Officers

  2.9     3.9  
   

 

Options granted to the Named Executive Officers as a % of net options granted

  2.4 %   2.3 %
   

 

Options granted to the Named Executive Officers as a % of outstanding shares

  0.05 %   0.06 %
   

 

Cumulative options held by Named Executive Officers as % of total options outstanding

  3.5 %   3.8 %
   

 

 

General Option Information

 

A summary of option activity follows (in millions, except per-share amounts):

 

           Options Outstanding

     Options
Available
for
Grant


    Number
Outstanding


    Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price per
Share


Balance at July 31, 2004

   390     1,350     $ 25.34

Granted and assumed

   (244 )   244       18.70

Exercised

   —       (93 )     8.44

Canceled/forfeited/expired

   63     (65 )     31.63

Additional shares reserved

   14     —         —  
    

 

     

Balance at July 30, 2005

   223     1,436     $ 25.02

Granted and assumed

   (167 )   167       17.84

Exercised

   —       (45 )     9.06

Canceled/forfeited/expired

   42     (44 )     28.05

Additional shares reserved

   350     —         —  
    

 

     

Balance at January 28, 2006

   448     1,514     $ 24.62
    

 

     

 

22


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

The total pretax intrinsic value of options exercised during the three months and six months ended January 28, 2006 was $217 million and $372 million, respectively. The Company has, in connection with the acquisitions of various companies, assumed the stock option plans of the acquired companies or issued replacement options.

 

The following table summarizes significant ranges of outstanding and exercisable options as of January 28, 2006 (in millions, except years and per-share amounts):

 

Range of

Exercise Prices


   Options Outstanding

   Options Exercisable

   Number
Outstanding


  

Weighted-

Average

Remaining

Contractual

Life (in Years)


   Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price per
Share


   Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value


   Number
Exercisable


   Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price per
Share


   Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value


$  0.01–12.27

   184    2.94    $ 8.65    $ 1,864    152    $ 9.11    $ 1,470

  12.28–16.01

   165    5.10      14.27      744    115      14.50      492

  16.02–17.86

   254    7.35      17.39      353    65      16.52      147

  17.87–19.18

   242    6.81      18.94      21    98      18.81      12

  19.19–19.59

   152    6.73      19.54      —      64      19.58      —  

  19.60–26.42

   174    4.40      23.13      —      134      23.54      —  

  26.43–50.38

   166    3.44      43.39      —      164      43.51      —  

  50.39–72.56

   177    3.13      57.25      —      173      57.39      —  
    
              

  
         

Total

   1,514    5.16    $ 24.62    $ 2,982    965    $ 28.44    $ 2,121
    
              

  
         

 

The aggregate intrinsic value in the preceding table represents the total pretax intrinsic value, based on the Company’s closing stock price of $18.78 as of January 28, 2006, which would have been received by the option holders had all option holders exercised their options as of that date. The total number of in-the-money options exercisable as of January 28, 2006 was 387 million. As of July 30, 2005, 906 million outstanding options were exercisable, and the weighted average exercise price was $28.80.

 

The following table presents the option exercises for the six months ended January 28, 2006, and option values as of that date for the Named Executive Officers (in millions):

 

     Number of
Shares
Acquired on
Exercise


   Value
Realized


   Number of Securities
Underlying Unexercised
Options at January 28, 2006


   Intrinsic Value of
Unexercised In-the-Money
Options at January 28, 2006


           Exercisable

   Unexercisable

   Exercisable

   Unexercisable

Named Executive Officers

   7    $ 68    43    10    $ 105    $ 14

 

23


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Valuation and Expense Information under SFAS 123(R)

 

On July 31, 2005, the Company adopted SFAS 123(R), which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all share-based payment awards made to the Company’s employees and directors including employee stock options and employee stock purchases related to the Purchase Plan based on estimated fair values. The following table summarizes stock-based compensation expense, net of tax, related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123(R) for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 which was allocated as follows (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended

   Six Months Ended

     January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


   January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


Cost of sales — product

   $ 11     $   —      $ 30     $   —  

Cost of sales — service

     28       —        62       —  
    


 

  


 

Stock-based compensation expense included in cost of sales

     39       —        92       —  

Research and development

     90       —        193       —  

Sales and marketing

     106       —        233       —  

General and administrative

     26       —        60       —  
    


 

  


 

Stock-based compensation expense included in operating expenses

     222       —        486       —  

Total stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases

     261       —        578       —  

Tax benefit

     (73 )     —        (162 )     —  
    


 

  


 

Stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases, net of tax

   $ 188       —      $ 416       —  
    


 

  


 

 

Stock-based compensation of $24 million and $52 million related to acquisitions and investments for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 is disclosed in Note 3 and is not included in the above table. There was no stock-based compensation expense recognized for the three and six months ended January 29, 2005 other than as related to acquisitions and investments.

 

24


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

The table below reflects net income and diluted net income per share for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 compared with the pro forma information for the three and six months ended January 29, 2005 as follows (in millions except per-share amounts):

 

    Three Months Ended

    Six Months Ended

 
    January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


    January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


 

Net income — as reported for prior periods (1)

    N/A     $ 1,400       N/A     $ 2,796  

Stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases

  $ (261 )     (428 )   $ (578 )     (888 )

Tax benefit

  $ 73       171     $ 162       355  
           


         


Stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases, net of tax (2)

  $ (188 )     (257 )     (416 )     (533 )
           


         


Net income, including the effect of stock-based compensation expense (3)

  $ 1,375       1,143     $ 2,636       2,263  
           


         


Diluted net income per share — as reported for prior periods (1)

    N/A     $ 0.21       N/A     $ 0.42  
           


         


Diluted net income per share, including the effect of stock-based compensation expense (3)

  $ 0.22     $ 0.17     $ 0.42     $ 0.34  
           


         



(1)   Net income and net income per share prior to fiscal 2006 did not include stock-based compensation expense for employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123 because the Company did not adopt the recognition provisions of SFAS 123.
(2)   Stock-based compensation expense prior to fiscal 2006 is calculated based on the pro forma application of SFAS 123.
(3)   Net income and net income per share prior to fiscal 2006 represents pro forma information based on SFAS 123.

 

Stock-based compensation expense, net of tax in the table above includes the effects of new U.S. tax regulations effective in fiscal 2005 that require intercompany reimbursement of certain stock-based compensation expenses. As of January 28, 2006, total compensation cost related to nonvested stock options not yet recognized was $2.2 billion which is expected to be recognized over the next 37 months on a weighted-average basis.

 

Upon adoption of SFAS 123(R), the Company began estimating the value of employee stock options on the date of grant using a lattice-binomial model. Prior to the adoption of SFAS 123(R), the value of each employee stock option was estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes model for the purpose of the pro forma financial information in accordance with SFAS 123.

 

The Company’s employee stock options have various restrictions including vesting provisions and restrictions on transfer and hedging, among others, and are often exercised prior to their contractual maturity. Lattice-binomial models are more capable of incorporating the features of the Company’s employee stock options than closed-form models such as the Black-Scholes model.

 

25


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

The use of a lattice-binomial model requires the use of extensive actual employee exercise behavior data and the use of a number of complex assumptions including expected volatility, risk-free interest rate, expected dividends, kurtosis, and skewness. The weighted-average estimated value of employee stock options granted during the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 was $5.05 and $5.01 per share, respectively, using the lattice-binomial model with the following weighted-average assumptions:

 

     Three Months Ended
January 28, 2006


    Six Months Ended
January 28, 2006


 

Expected volatility

   23.7 %   23.7 %

Risk-free interest rate

   4.5 %   4.2 %

Expected dividends

   0.0 %   0.0 %

Kurtosis

   4.2     4.3  

Skewness

   (0.60 )   (0.60 )

 

The Company used the implied volatility for two-year traded options on the Company’s stock as the expected volatility assumption required in the lattice-binomial model consistent with SFAS 123(R) and SAB 107. Prior to fiscal 2006, the Company had used its historical stock price volatility in accordance with SFAS 123 for purposes of its pro forma information. The selection of the implied volatility approach was based upon the availability of actively traded options on the Company’s stock and the Company’s assessment that implied volatility is more representative of future stock price trends than historical volatility.

 

The risk-free interest rate assumption is based upon observed interest rates appropriate for the term of the Company’s employee stock options. The dividend yield assumption is based on the Company’s history and expectation of dividend payouts. The estimated kurtosis and skewness are technical measures of the distribution of stock price returns, which affect expected employee exercise behaviors that are based on the Company’s stock price return history as well as consideration of academic analyses.

 

The expected life of employee stock options represents the weighted-average period the stock options are expected to remain outstanding and is a derived output of the lattice-binomial model. The expected life of employee stock options is impacted by all of the underlying assumptions and calibration of the Company’s model. The lattice-binomial model assumes that employees’ exercise behavior is a function of the option’s remaining vested life and the extent to which the option is in-the-money. The lattice-binomial model estimates the probability of exercise as a function of these two variables based on the entire history of exercises and cancellations on all past option grants made by the Company. The expected life for option grants made during the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 derived from the lattice-binomial model was 6.6 years.

 

As stock-based compensation expense recognized in the Consolidated Statement of Operations for the first six months of fiscal 2006 is based on awards ultimately expected to vest, it has been reduced for estimated forfeitures. SFAS 123(R) requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. Forfeitures were estimated based on historical experience. In the Company’s pro forma information required under SFAS 123 for the periods prior to fiscal 2006, the Company accounted for forfeitures as they occurred.

 

26


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

Pro Forma Information Under SFAS 123 for Periods Prior to Fiscal 2006

 

Pro forma information regarding option grants made to the Company’s employees and directors and employee stock purchases related to the Purchase Plan is as follows. (in millions, except per-share amounts):

 

     Three Months Ended
January 29, 2005


    Six Months Ended
January 29, 2005


 

Net income — as reported

   $ 1,400     $ 2,796  

Compensation expense, net of tax

     (257 )     (533 )
    


 


Net income — pro forma

   $ 1,143     $ 2,263  
    


 


Basic net income per share — as reported

   $ 0.21     $ 0.43  
    


 


Diluted net income per share — as reported

   $ 0.21     $ 0.42  
    


 


Basic net income per share — pro forma

   $ 0.18     $ 0.34  
    


 


Diluted net income per share — pro forma

   $ 0.17     $ 0.34  
    


 


 

The weighted-average estimated value of employee stock options granted during the three and six months ended January 29, 2005 were $6.26 and $6.19, respectively using the Black-Scholes model with the following weighted-average assumptions:

 

     Three Months Ended
January 29, 2005


    Six Months Ended
January 29, 2005


 

Expected volatility

   39.7 %   39.6 %

Risk-free interest rate

   3.6 %   3.5 %

Expected dividends

   0.0 %   0.0 %

Expected life (in years)

   3.3     3.3  

 

Prior to fiscal 2006, the Company used an option-pricing model to indirectly estimate the expected life of the stock options. The expected life and expected volatility of the stock options were based upon historical and other economic data trended into the future. Forfeitures of employee stock options were accounted for on an as-incurred basis.

 

Accuracy of Fair Value Estimates

 

The Company uses third-party analyses to assist in developing the assumptions used in, as well as calibrating, its lattice-binomial model. The Company is responsible for determining the assumptions used in estimating the fair value of its share-based payment awards.

 

The Company’s determination of fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model is affected by the Company’s stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of highly complex and subjective variables. These variables include, but are not limited to the Company’s expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, and actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors. Option-pricing models were developed for use in estimating the value of traded options that have no vesting or hedging restrictions and are fully transferable. Because the Company’s employee stock options have certain characteristics that are significantly different from traded options, and because changes in the subjective assumptions can materially affect the estimated value, in management’s opinion, the existing valuation models

 

27


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

may not provide an accurate measure of the fair value of the Company’s employee stock options. Although the fair value of employee stock options is determined in accordance with SFAS 123(R) and SAB 107 using an option-pricing model, that value may not be indicative of the fair value observed in a willing buyer/willing seller market transaction.

 

10.    INCOME TAXES

 

The Company paid income taxes of $974 million and $617 million for the six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, respectively. The Company’s income taxes currently payable have been reduced by the tax benefits from employee stock option transactions. These benefits totaled $140 million and $126 million for the six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, respectively, and were reflected as an increase to additional paid-in capital in the Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity.

 

The Company’s federal income tax returns for fiscal years ended July 27, 2002 through July 31, 2004 are under examination by the Internal Revenue Service. The Company believes that adequate amounts have been reserved for any adjustments which may ultimately result from these examinations.

 

On October 22, 2004, the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 (the “Jobs Creation Act”) was signed into law. The Jobs Creation Act created a temporary incentive for U.S. corporations to repatriate accumulated income earned abroad by providing an 85 percent dividends received deduction for certain dividends from controlled foreign corporations. In the first six months of fiscal 2006, the Company distributed cash from its foreign subsidiaries and will report an extraordinary dividend (as defined in the Jobs Creation Act) of $1.2 billion and a related tax liability of approximately $63 million in its fiscal 2006 federal income tax return. This amount was previously provided for in the provision for income taxes and is included in income taxes payable. This distribution does not change the Company’s intention to indefinitely reinvest undistributed earnings of certain of its foreign subsidiaries in operations outside the United States.

 

On November 10, 2005, the FASB issued FASB Staff Position No. FAS 123(R)-3 “Transition Election Related to Accounting for Tax Effects of Share-Based Payment Awards.” The Company has elected to adopt the alternative transition method provided in the FASB Staff Position for calculating the tax effects of stock-based compensation pursuant to SFAS 123(R). The alternative transition method includes simplified methods to establish the beginning balance of the additional paid-in capital pool (“APIC pool”) related to the tax effects of employee stock-based compensation, and to determine the subsequent impact on the APIC pool and Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows of the tax effects of employee stock-based compensation awards that are outstanding upon adoption of SFAS 123(R).

 

11.    SEGMENT INFORMATION AND MAJOR CUSTOMERS

 

The Company’s operations involve the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and technical support of networking and communications products and services. Cisco products include routers, switches, advanced technologies, and other networking equipment. These products, primarily integrated by Cisco IOS Software, link geographically dispersed local-area networks (LANs) and wide-area networks (WANs).

 

The Company conducts business globally and is managed geographically. The Company’s management makes financial decisions and allocates resources based on the information it receives from its internal management system.

 

Sales are attributed to a geographic theater based on the ordering location of the customer. The Company does not allocate research and development, sales and marketing, or general and administrative expenses to its

 

28


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

geographic theaters in this internal management system, because management does not currently use the information to measure the performance of the operating segments. As a result of organizational changes, beginning in fiscal 2006, the Company’s reportable segments were changed to the following theaters: United States and Canada, European Markets, Emerging Markets, Asia Pacific, and Japan, and the Company has recast the geographic theater data from the prior periods to reflect this change in reportable segments to conform to the current year’s presentation. Prior to fiscal 2006, the Company had four reportable segments: the Americas; Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA); Asia Pacific; and Japan.

 

Summarized financial information by theater for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, based on the Company’s internal management system is as follows (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended

   Six Months Ended

     January 28,
2006


   January 29,
2005


   January 28,
2006


   January 29,
2005


Net sales:

                           

United States and Canada

   $ 3,468    $ 3,145    $ 7,120    $ 6,400

European Markets

     1,533      1,395      2,901      2,736

Emerging Markets

     620      475      1,156      892

Asia Pacific

     720      623      1,355      1,189

Japan

     287      424      646      816
    

  

  

  

     $ 6,628    $ 6,062    $ 13,178    $ 12,033
    

  

  

  

Gross margin:

                           

United States and Canada

   $ 2,294    $ 2,051    $ 4,719    $ 4,197

European Markets

     1,051      965      1,991      1,885

Emerging Markets

     437      336      814      632

Asia Pacific

     482      420      895      805

Japan

     202      281      457      549
    

  

  

  

Total

   $ 4,466    $ 4,053    $ 8,876    $ 8,068
    

  

  

  

 

Net sales in the United States were $3.3 billion and $3.0 billion for the three months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, respectively. Net sales in the United States were $6.7 billion and $6.1 billion for the six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, respectively.

 

The following table presents net sales for groups of similar products and services (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended

   Six Months Ended

     January 28,
2006


   January 29,
2005


   January 28,
2006


   January 29,
2005


Net sales:

                           

Routers

   $ 1,420    $ 1,329    $ 2,837    $ 2,580

Switches

     2,665      2,386      5,308      4,945

Advanced Technologies

     1,277      1,214      2,535      2,232

Other

     175      177      348      382
    

  

  

  

Product

     5,537      5,106      11,028      10,139

Service

     1,091      956      2,150      1,894
    

  

  

  

Total

   $ 6,628    $ 6,062    $ 13,178    $ 12,033
    

  

  

  

 

29


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

The Company refers to some of its products and technologies as advanced technologies. As of January 28, 2006, the Company had identified nine advanced technologies for particular focus: application networking services, digital video, enterprise IP communications, home networking, hosted small business systems, optical networking, security, storage area networking, and wireless technology. The Company continues to identify additional advanced technologies for focus and investment in the future, and the Company’s investments in some previously identified advanced technologies may be curtailed or eliminated depending on market developments. During the second quarter of fiscal 2006, the Company reclassified net sales of switches, advanced technology and other products for the prior periods to conform to the current period presentation.

 

The majority of the Company’s assets as of January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005 were attributable to its U.S. operations. For the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, no single customer accounted for 10% or more of the Company’s net sales.

 

Property and equipment information is based on the physical location of the assets. The following table presents property and equipment information for geographic areas (in millions):

 

     January 28,
2006


   July 30,
2005


Property and equipment, net:

             

United States

   $ 2,935    $ 2,959

International

     381      361
    

  

Total

   $ 3,316    $ 3,320
    

  

 

12.    NET INCOME PER SHARE

 

The following table presents the calculation of basic and diluted net income per share (in millions, except per-share amounts):

 

     Three Months Ended

   Six Months Ended

     January 28,
2006


   January 29,
2005


   January 28,
2006


   January 29,
2005


Net income

   $ 1,375    $ 1,400    $ 2,636    $ 2,796
    

  

  

  

Weighted-average shares — basic

     6,146      6,521      6,195      6,577

Effect of dilutive potential common shares

     102      131      106      136
    

  

  

  

Weighted-average shares — diluted

     6,248      6,652      6,301      6,713
    

  

  

  

Net income per share — basic

   $ 0.22    $ 0.21    $ 0.43    $ 0.43
    

  

  

  

Net income per share — diluted

   $ 0.22    $ 0.21    $ 0.42    $ 0.42
    

  

  

  

 

Dilutive potential common shares consist of employee stock options and restricted common stock. Employee stock options to purchase approximately 1.1 billion shares for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 and approximately 859 million and 838 million shares for the three and six months ended January 29, 2005, respectively, were outstanding, but were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the effect would have been antidilutive.

 

30


Table of Contents

Cisco Systems, Inc.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

 

 

13.    PENDING BUSINESS COMBINATION

 

On November 18, 2005, the Company announced that it had entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Scientific-Atlanta, Inc. (“Scientific-Atlanta”). Scientific-Atlanta is a leading global provider of set-top boxes, end-to-end video distribution networks and video system integration. Under the terms of the agreement, the Company has agreed to pay $43 per share in cash in exchange for each share of Scientific-Atlanta and to assume outstanding options, for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $6.9 billion, or approximately $5.3 billion, net of Scientific-Atlanta’s cash resources as of November 18, 2005. The acquisition of Scientific-Atlanta will be accounted for as a purchase and is expected to close in late February or early March, 2006. The Company anticipates this transaction will be financed with a combination of cash and debt.

 

14.    SUBSEQUENT EVENT

 

On February 10, 2006 the Company filed a Form S-3 Registration Statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission to offer debt securities, subject to market conditions. On February 14, 2006, the Company entered into an underwriting agreement to issue senior unsecured notes in aggregate principal amount of $6.5 billion under the Registration Statement.

 

Of these notes, $500 million will mature in 2009 and bear interest at an adjustable rate equal to the three-month LIBOR plus 0.08%, $3 billion will mature in 2011 and bear interest at an annual coupon rate equal to 5.25% and $3 billion will mature in 2016 and bear interest at an annual coupon rate equal to 5.50%. This offering is expected to be completed in February 2006, subject to customary closing conditions. The Company intends to use the proceeds from the offering to fund the purchase of Scientific-Atlanta and for general corporate purposes.

 

In connection with the offering, the Company has agreed to enter into interest rate swaps with a notional amount of $6 billion that will qualify as fair value hedges. These interest rate swaps will convert the fixed interest rate portion of the offering to LIBOR-based interest rates. Gains and losses due to changes in the value of the interest rate swaps are expected to offset changes in the fair value of the underlying debt.

 

31


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, including this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations, contains forward-looking statements regarding future events and our future results that are subject to the safe harbors created under the Securities Act of 1933 (the “Securities Act”) and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”). These statements are based on current expectations, estimates, forecasts, and projections about the industries in which we operate and the beliefs and assumptions of our management. Words such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “targets,” “goals,” “projects,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “estimates,” “continues,” “may,” and variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. In addition, any statements that refer to projections of our future financial performance, our anticipated growth and trends in our businesses, and other characterizations of future events or circumstances are forward-looking statements. Readers are cautioned that these forward-looking statements are only predictions and are subject to risks, uncertainties, and assumptions that are difficult to predict, including those identified below, under “Risk Factors,” and elsewhere herein. Therefore, actual results may differ materially and adversely from those expressed in any forward-looking statements. We undertake no obligation to revise or update any forward-looking statements for any reason.

 

Overview

 

Our results for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006 reflected increases in net sales, net income, and net income per share from the corresponding periods of fiscal 2005, if the effect of pro forma stock-based compensation for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2005 were included in the calculation of net income and net income per share. We have continued to achieve a good balance in year-over-year revenue growth from our geographic segments, customer markets, and product families. Revenue increased from the corresponding periods of fiscal 2005 in each of our four largest theaters: the United States and Canada, European Markets, Emerging Markets and Asia Pacific, while declining in our Japan theater. We continue to see some weakness in global economic activity and capital spending, especially in the United Kingdom and Japan. Our switching revenue increased year-over-year by 11.7% and 7.3% for the three and six month periods, respectively. We experienced higher sales for our routers of approximately 6.8% and 10.0% for the same periods. Sales of our advanced technologies increased by 5.2% and 13.6% for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006.

 

For the second quarter and the first six months of fiscal 2006, our gross margins increased compared to the corresponding periods of fiscal 2005. Lower manufacturing costs related to lower component costs and value engineering and other manufacturing-related costs, higher shipment volume and lower provision for inventory and warranties increased our product gross margins which were partially offset by change in mix, higher discounts and the effect of stock-based compensation expense under SFAS 123(R). Operating expenses as a percentage of net sales increased year over year due, primarily, to increased headcount and the effects of our adoption of SFAS 123(R). Our headcount is expected to increase, as a result of our planned investments in sales personnel.

 

For fiscal 2006, in addition to our general strategy, we will continue to focus particular attention on five key areas: the commercial market segment; additional sales coverage; growing and expanding our advanced technologies; our evolving support model; and the Emerging Markets theater. We have added, and intend to continue to add, resources in these five key areas. Indicative of the opportunities in our markets, we continue to encounter price-focused competition, including competitors from Asia, and in particular China.

 

During the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006, we generated cash flows from operations of $1.9 billion and $3.3 billion, respectively. Our cash and cash equivalents and investments were $15.0 billion at the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2006, compared with $16.1 billion at the end of fiscal 2005. We used $4.2 billion of cash to repurchase 236 million shares of our common stock during the first six months of fiscal 2006. Days

 

32


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

sales outstanding in accounts receivable at the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2006 were 35 days, compared with 31 days at the end of the fourth quarter of fiscal 2005. Our inventory level was up slightly from our prior fiscal year end, July 30, 2005, and annualized inventory turns were 6.5, compared with 6.6 in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2005.

 

Beginning in fiscal 2006, we adopted SFAS 123(R) on a modified prospective basis. Including stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases, the change in our year-over-year net income per share for the periods covered in the following table is positive. The following table provides a comparison of net income, if the effect of pro forma stock-based compensation expense as disclosed in the notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements prior to fiscal 2006 were included for prior periods (in millions, except per-share amounts):

 

     Three Months Ended

    Six Months Ended

 
     January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


    January 28,
2006


   

January 29,

2005


 

Net income — as reported for prior periods (1)

     N/A     $ 1,400       N/A     $ 2,796  

Stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases

   $ (261 )     (428 )   $ (578 )     (888 )

Tax benefit

   $ 73       171     $ 162       355  
            


         


Stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases, net of tax (2)

   $ (188 )     (257 )     (416 )     (533 )
            


         


Net income, including the effect of stock-based compensation expense (3)

   $ 1,375       1,143     $ 2,636       2,263  
            


         


Diluted net income per share — as reported for prior periods (1)

     N/A     $ 0.21       N/A     $ 0.42  
            


         


Diluted net income per share, including the effect of stock-based compensation expense (3)

   $ 0.22     $ 0.17     $ 0.42     $ 0.34  
            


         



(1)   Net income and net income per share prior to fiscal 2006 did not include stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123 because we did not adopt the recognition provisions of SFAS 123.
(2)   Stock-based compensation expense prior to fiscal 2006 is calculated based on the pro forma application of SFAS 123 as previously disclosed in the notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.
(3)   Net income and net income per share prior to fiscal 2006 represent pro forma information based on SFAS 123 as previously disclosed in the notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Critical Accounting Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements and related disclosures in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires us to make judgments, assumptions, and estimates that affect the amounts reported in the Consolidated Financial Statements and accompanying notes. Note 2 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Current Report on Form 8-K filed February 10, 2006 for the fiscal year ended July 30, 2005 describes the significant accounting policies and methods used in the preparation of the Consolidated Financial Statements. The accounting policies described below are significantly affected by critical accounting estimates. Such accounting policies require significant judgments, assumptions, and estimates used in the preparation of the Consolidated Financial Statements, and actual results could differ materially from the amounts reported based on these policies.

 

33


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Our networking and communications products are integrated with software that is essential to the functionality of the equipment. We provide unspecified software upgrades and enhancements related to the equipment through our maintenance contracts, for most of our products. Accordingly, we account for revenue in accordance with Statement of Position No. 97-2, “Software Revenue Recognition,” and all related interpretations. Revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable, and collectibility is reasonably assured. In instances where final acceptance of the product, system, or solution is specified by the customer, revenue is deferred until all acceptance criteria have been met.

 

Contracts, Internet commerce agreements, and customer purchase orders are generally used to determine the existence of an arrangement. Shipping documents and customer acceptance, when applicable, are used to verify delivery. We assess whether the fee is fixed or determinable based on the payment terms associated with the transaction and whether the sales price is subject to refund or adjustment. We assess collectibility based primarily on the creditworthiness of the customer as determined by credit checks and analysis, as well as the customer’s payment history. When a sale involves multiple elements, such as sales of products that include services, the entire fee from the arrangement is allocated to each respective element based on its relative fair value and recognized when revenue recognition criteria for each element are met. The amount of product and service revenue recognized is impacted by our judgments as to whether an arrangement includes multiple elements and, if so, whether vendor-specific objective evidence of fair value exists. Changes to the elements in an arrangement and our ability to establish vendor-specific objective evidence for those elements could affect the timing of the revenue recognition. Our total deferred revenue for products was $1.3 billion and $1.4 billion as of January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005, respectively. Technical support services revenue is deferred and recognized ratably over the period during which the services are to be performed, which is typically from one to three years. Advanced services revenue is recognized upon delivery or completion of performance. Our total deferred revenue for services was $3.8 billion and $3.6 billion as of January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005, respectively.

 

We make sales to distributors and retail partners and recognize revenue based on a sell-through method using information provided by them. Our distributors and retail partners participate in various cooperative marketing and other programs, and we maintain estimated accruals and allowances for these programs. If actual credits received by our distributors and retail partners for these programs were to deviate significantly from our estimates, which are based on historical experience, our revenue could be adversely affected.

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts and Sales Returns

 

Our accounts receivable balance, net of allowance for doubtful accounts, was $2.5 billion and $2.2 billion as of January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005, respectively. The allowance for doubtful accounts was $171 million, or 6.3% of the gross accounts receivable balance, as of January 28, 2006 and $162 million, or 6.8% of the gross accounts receivable balance, as of July 30, 2005. The allowance is based on our assessment of the collectibility of customer accounts. We regularly review the allowance by considering factors such as historical experience, credit quality, age of the accounts receivable balances, and current economic conditions that may affect a customer’s ability to pay.

 

The provision for doubtful accounts for the first six months of fiscal 2006 was $10 million. We had no provision for doubtful accounts for the first six months of fiscal 2005. If a major customer’s creditworthiness deteriorates, or if actual defaults are higher than our historical experience, or if other circumstances arise, our estimates of the recoverability of amounts due to us could be overstated, and additional allowances could be required, which could have an adverse impact on our revenue.

 

A reserve for future sales returns is established based on historical trends in product return rates. The reserve for future sales returns as of January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005 was $93 million and $63 million, respectively, and

 

34


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

was recorded as a reduction of our accounts receivable. If the actual future returns were to deviate from the historical data on which the reserve had been established, our revenue could be adversely affected.

 

Allowance for Inventory

 

Our inventory balance was $1.3 billion as of January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005. Our inventory allowance was $153 million and $159 million as of January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005, respectively. We provide allowances for inventory based on excess and obsolete inventories determined primarily by future demand forecasts. The allowance is measured as the difference between the cost of the inventory and market based upon assumptions about future demand and is charged to the provision for inventory, which is a component of our cost of sales. At the point of the loss recognition, a new, lower-cost basis for that inventory is established, and subsequent changes in facts and circumstances do not result in the restoration or increase in that newly established cost basis.

 

Our provision for inventory was $70 million and $111 million for the first six months of fiscal 2006 and 2005, respectively. If there were to be a sudden and significant decrease in demand for our products, or if there were a higher incidence of inventory obsolescence because of rapidly changing technology and customer requirements, we could be required to increase our inventory allowances, and our gross margin could be adversely affected. Inventory management remains an area of focus as we balance the need to maintain strategic inventory levels to ensure competitive lead times and the risk of inventory obsolescence.

 

Warranty Costs

 

The liability for product warranties, included in other accrued liabilities, was $258 million as of January 28, 2006, compared with $259 million as of July 30, 2005. See Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. Our products are generally covered by a warranty for periods ranging from 90 days to five years, and for some products we provide a limited lifetime warranty. We accrue for warranty costs as part of our cost of sales based on associated material costs, technical support labor costs, and associated overhead. Material cost is estimated based primarily upon historical trends in the volume of product returns within the warranty period and the cost to repair or replace the equipment. Technical support labor cost is estimated based primarily upon historical trends in the rate of customer cases and the cost to support the customer cases within the warranty period. Overhead cost is applied based on estimated time to support warranty activities.

 

The provision for product warranties issued during the first six months of fiscal 2006 and 2005 was $190 million and $208 million, respectively. The provision for warranty in the first six months of fiscal 2006 included $6 million of stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123(R). The decrease in the provision for product warranties was due to lower warranty claims. If we experience an increase in warranty claims compared with our historical experience, or if the cost of servicing warranty claims is greater than the expectations on which the accrual has been based, our gross margin could be adversely affected.

 

Stock-based Compensation Expense

 

On July 31, 2005, we adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (revised 2004), “Share-Based Payment,” (“SFAS 123(R)”) which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all share-based payment awards made to our employees and directors including employee stock options and employee stock purchases related to the Employee Stock Purchase Plan (“employee stock purchases”) based on estimated fair values. Stock-based compensation expense recognized under SFAS 123(R) for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 was $285 million and $630 million, respectively, which consisted of stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases of $261 million and $578 million, respectively, and stock-based compensation expense related to acquisitions and investments of $24 million and $52 million, respectively. Stock-based compensation expense of $36 million and $76 million for the

 

35


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

three and six months ended January 29, 2005, respectively, was related to acquisitions and investments which we had been recognizing under previous accounting standards. There was no stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases recognized during the three and six months ended January 29, 2005. See Note 9 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.

 

Upon adoption of SFAS 123(R), we began estimating the value of employee stock options on the date of grant using a lattice-binomial model. Prior to the adoption of SFAS 123(R), the value of each employee stock option was estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes model for the purpose of the pro forma financial information in accordance with SFAS 123. The determination of fair value of share-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model is affected by our stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of highly complex and subjective variables. These variables include, but are not limited to the expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, and actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors. The use of a lattice-binomial model requires the use of extensive actual employee exercise behavior data and the use of a number of complex assumptions including expected volatility, risk-free interest rate, expected dividends, kurtosis, and skewness. The weighted-average estimated value of employee stock options granted during the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 was $5.05 and $5.01 per share, respectively, using the lattice-binomial model with the following weighted-average assumptions:

 

     Three Months Ended
January 28, 2006


    Six Months Ended
January 28, 2006


 

Expected volatility

   23.7 %   23.7 %

Risk-free interest rate

   4.5 %   4.2 %

Expected dividends

   0.0 %   0.0 %

Kurtosis

   4.2     4.3  

Skewness

   (0.60 )   (0.60 )

 

We used the implied volatility for two-year traded options on our stock as the expected volatility assumption required in the lattice-binomial model consistent with SFAS 123(R) and SAB 107. Prior to fiscal 2006, we had used our historical stock price volatility in accordance with SFAS 123 for purposes of our pro forma information. The selection of the implied volatility approach was based upon the availability of actively traded options on our stock and our assessment that implied volatility is more representative of future stock price trends than historical volatility.

 

The risk-free interest rate assumption is based upon observed interest rates appropriate for the term of our employee stock options. The dividend yield assumption is based on the history and expectation of dividend payouts. The estimated kurtosis and skewness are technical measures of the distribution of stock price returns, which affect expected employee exercise behaviors that are based on our stock price return history as well as consideration of academic analyses.

 

As stock-based compensation expense recognized in the Consolidated Statement of Operations for the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006 is based on awards ultimately expected to vest, it has been reduced for estimated forfeitures. SFAS 123(R) requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. Forfeitures were estimated based on historical experience.

 

If factors change and we employ different assumptions in the application of SFAS 123(R) in future periods, the compensation expense that we record under SFAS 123(R) may differ significantly from what we have recorded in the current period.

 

36


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Investment Impairments

 

Our publicly traded equity securities are reflected in the Consolidated Balance Sheets at a fair value of $921 million as of January 28, 2006, compared with $941 million as of July 30, 2005. See Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. We recognize an impairment charge when the declines in the fair values of our publicly traded equity securities below their cost basis are judged to be other-than-temporary. The ultimate value realized on these equity securities is subject to market price volatility until they are sold. We consider various factors in determining whether we should recognize an impairment charge, including the length of time and extent to which the fair value has been less than our cost basis, the financial condition and near-term prospects of the investee, and our intent and ability to hold the investment for a period of time sufficient to allow for any anticipated recovery in market value. Our ongoing consideration of these factors could result in additional impairment charges in the future, which could adversely affect our net income. There were no charges attributable to the impairment of publicly traded equity securities during the first six months of fiscal 2006 or 2005.

 

We also have investments in privately held companies, some of which are in the startup or development stages. As of January 28, 2006, our investments in privately held companies were $452 million, compared with $421 million as of July 30, 2005, and were included in other assets. See Note 4 to the Consolidated Financial Statements. We monitor these investments for impairment and make appropriate reductions in carrying values if we determine an impairment charge is required, based primarily on the financial condition and near-term prospects of these companies. These investments are inherently risky because the markets for the technologies or products these companies are developing are typically in the early stages and may never materialize. Our impairment charges on investments in privately held companies were $4 million and $5 million during the second quarter of fiscal 2006 and 2005, respectively, and were $11 million and $23 million for the first six months of fiscal 2006 and 2005, respectively.

 

Goodwill Impairments

 

Our methodology for allocating the purchase price relating to purchase acquisitions is determined through established valuation techniques in the high-technology communications equipment industry. Goodwill is measured as the excess of the cost of acquisition over the sum of the amounts assigned to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired less liabilities assumed. We perform goodwill impairment tests on an annual basis and between annual tests in certain circumstances for each reporting unit. The goodwill recorded in the Consolidated Balance Sheets as of January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005 was $5.4 billion and $5.3 billion, respectively. In response to changes in industry and market conditions, we could be required to strategically realign our resources and consider restructuring, disposing of, or otherwise exiting businesses, which could result in an impairment of goodwill. Beginning in fiscal 2006, the reportable segments were changed to the following theaters: United States and Canada; European Markets; Emerging Markets; Asia Pacific; and Japan. As a result, we reallocated the goodwill at July 31, 2005 to these reportable segments. There was no impairment of goodwill during the first six months of fiscal 2006 or fiscal 2005.

 

Income Taxes

 

We are subject to income taxes in both the United States and numerous foreign jurisdictions. Significant judgment is required in evaluating our tax positions and determining our provision for income taxes. During the ordinary course of business, there are many transactions and calculations for which the ultimate tax determination is uncertain. We establish reserves for tax-related uncertainties based on estimates of whether, and the extent to which, additional taxes and interest will be due. These reserves are established when, despite our belief that our tax return positions are fully supportable, we believe that certain positions are likely to be challenged and may not be sustained on review by tax authorities. We adjust these reserves in light of changing facts and circumstances, such as the closing of a tax audit. The provision for income taxes includes the impact of reserve provisions and changes to reserves that are considered appropriate, as well as the related net interest.

 

37


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Our effective tax rates differ from the statutory rate primarily due to acquisition-related costs, stock-based compensation, research and experimentation tax credits, state taxes, and the tax impact of foreign operations. The effective tax rate was 28.2% in the second quarter of fiscal 2006 and 28.3% for the first six months of fiscal 2006. The effective tax rate was 28.5% in the second quarter of fiscal 2005 and 28.6% for the first six months of fiscal 2005. Our future effective tax rates could be adversely affected by earnings being lower than anticipated in countries where we have lower statutory rates and higher than anticipated in countries where we have higher statutory rates, by changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets or liabilities, or by changes in tax laws, regulations, accounting principles, or interpretations thereof. In addition, we are subject to the continuous examination of our income tax returns by the Internal Revenue Service and other tax authorities. We regularly assess the likelihood of adverse outcomes resulting from these examinations to determine the adequacy of our provision for income taxes.

 

Loss Contingencies

 

We are subject to the possibility of various loss contingencies arising in the ordinary course of business. We consider the likelihood of loss or impairment of an asset or the incurrence of a liability, as well as our ability to reasonably estimate the amount of loss, in determining loss contingencies. An estimated loss contingency is accrued when it is probable that an asset has been impaired or a liability has been incurred and the amount of loss can be reasonably estimated. We regularly evaluate current information available to us to determine whether such accruals should be adjusted and whether new accruals are required.

 

Net Sales

 

As a result of organizational changes, beginning in fiscal 2006, the Company’s reportable segments were changed to the following theaters: United States and Canada, European Markets, Emerging Markets, Asia Pacific, and Japan and we have recast our geographic theater data to reflect this change in reportable segments to conform to the current year’s presentation. Prior to fiscal 2006, the Company had four reportable segments: the Americas; Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA); Asia Pacific; and Japan. Net sales, which include product and service revenue, for each theater are summarized in the following table (in millions, except percentages):

 

    Three Months Ended

    Six Months Ended

 
    January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


    Variance
in
Dollars


    Variance
in
Percent


    January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


    Variance
in
Dollars


    Variance
in
Percent


 

Net sales:

                                                           

United States and Canada

  $ 3,468     $ 3,145     $ 323     10.3 %   $ 7,120     $ 6,400     $ 720     11.3 %

Percentage of net sales

    52.3%       51.9%                     54.0%       53.2%                

European Markets

    1,533       1,395       138     9.9 %     2,901       2,736       165     6.0 %

Percentage of net sales

    23.1 %     23.0 %                   22.0 %     22.7 %              

Emerging Markets

    620       475       145     30.5 %     1,156       892       264     29.6 %

Percentage of net sales

    9.4 %     7.8 %                   8.8 %     7.4 %              

Asia Pacific

    720       623       97     15.6 %     1,355       1,189       166     14.0 %

Percentage of net sales

    10.9 %     10.3 %                   10.3 %     9.9 %              

Japan

    287       424       (137 )   (32.3 )%     646       816       (170 )   (20.8 )%

Percentage of net sales

    4.3 %     7.0 %                   4.9 %     6.8 %              
   


 


 


       


 


 


     

Total

  $ 6,628     $ 6,062     $ 566     9.3 %   $ 13,178     $ 12,033     $ 1,145     9.5 %
   


 


 


       


 


 


     

 

38


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following table is a breakdown of net sales between product and service revenue (in millions, except percentages):

 

    Three Months Ended

    Six Months Ended

 
   

January 28,

2006


 

January 29,

2005


 

Variance

in

Dollars


 

Variance

in

Percent


   

January 28,

2006


 

January 29,

2005


 

Variance

in

Dollars


 

Variance

in

Percent


 

Net sales:

                                               

Product

  $ 5,537   $ 5,106   $ 431   8.4 %   $ 11,028   $ 10,139   $ 889   8.8 %

Service

    1,091     956     135   14.1 %     2,150     1,894     256   13.5 %
   

 

 

       

 

 

     

Total

  $ 6,628   $ 6,062   $ 566   9.3 %   $ 13,178   $ 12,033   $ 1,145   9.5 %
   

 

 

       

 

 

     

 

Net Product Sales by Theater

 

The increase in net product sales was due to the impact of the continued gradual recovery in the global economic environment coupled with increased information technology-related capital spending in our enterprise, service provider, commercial, and consumer markets. The following table is a breakdown of net product sales by theater (in millions, except percentages):

 

    Three Months Ended

    Six Months Ended

 
   

January 28,

2006


   

January 29,

2005


    Variance
in
Dollars


    Variance
in
Percent


    January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


    Variance
in
Dollars


    Variance
in
Percent


 

Net product sales:

                                                           

United States and Canada

  $ 2,707     $ 2,470     $ 237     9.6 %   $ 5,614     $ 5,049     $ 565     11.2 %

Percentage of net product sales

    48.9 %     48.4 %                   50.9 %     49.8 %              

European Markets

    1,367       1,244       123     9.9 %     2,569       2,436       133     5.5 %

Percentage of net product sales

    24.7 %     24.4 %                   23.3 %     24.0 %              

Emerging Markets

    576       441       135     30.6 %     1,073       827       246     29.7 %

Percentage of net product sales

    10.4 %     8.6 %                   9.7 %     8.2 %              

Asia Pacific

    641       564       77     13.7 %     1,208       1,076       132     12.3 %

Percentage of net product sales

    11.6 %     11.0 %                   11.0 %     10.6 %              

Japan

    246       387       (141 )   (36.4 )%     564       751       (187 )   (24.9 )%

Percentage of net product sales

    4.4 %     7.6 %                   5.1 %     7.4 %              
   


 


 


       


 


 


     

Total

  $ 5,537     $ 5,106     $ 431     8.4 %   $ 11,028     $ 10,139     $ 889     8.8 %
   


 


 


       


 


 


     

 

The increase in net product sales in the United States and Canada theater was due to an increase in net product sales to all of our customer markets, led by relative strength in the enterprise and commercial markets. However, sales to the U.S. federal government grew at a slower rate. We believe our sales to the U.S. federal government remain subject to a possible realignment of government spending priorities and timing of budget roll-outs, which could adversely affect these sales in future periods. Net product sales in the European Markets theater increased by 9.9% and 5.5% in the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006, respectively. Net product sales in Germany and France improved in the second quarter of fiscal 2006, partially offset by continued weakness in net product sales in the United Kingdom. Net product sales in the Emerging Markets theater increased primarily as a result of continued product deployment by service providers and growth in enterprise markets. The increase in

 

39


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

net product sales in Asia Pacific occurred primarily as a result of continued infrastructure builds, broadband acceleration, and investments by Asian telecommunication carriers, especially in China and India. Net product sales in the Japan theater have continued to reflect ongoing economic and other challenges in the theater.

 

Net Product Sales by Groups of Similar Products

 

The following table presents net sales for groups of similar products (in millions, except percentages):

 

    Three Months Ended

    Six Months Ended

 
    January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


    Variance
in
Dollars


    Variance
in
Percent


    January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


    Variance
in
Dollars


    Variance
in
Percent


 

Net product sales:

                                                           

Routers

  $ 1,420     $ 1,329     $ 91     6.8 %   $ 2,837     $ 2,580     $ 257     10.0 %

Percentage of net product sales

    25.6 %     26.0 %                   25.7 %     25.4 %              

Switches

    2,665       2,386       279     11.7 %     5,308       4,945       363     7.3 %

Percentage of net product sales

    48.1 %     46.7 %                   48.1 %     48.8 %              

Advanced Technologies

    1,277       1,214       63     5.2 %     2,535       2,232       303     13.6 %

Percentage of net product sales

    23.1 %     23.8 %                   23.0 %     22.0 %              

Other

    175       177       (2 )   (1.1 )%     348       382       (34 )   (8.9 )%

Percentage of net product sales

    3.2 %     3.5 %                   3.2 %     3.8 %              
   


 


 


       


 


 


     

Total

  $ 5,537     $ 5,106     $ 431     8.4 %   $ 11,028     $ 10,139     $ 889     8.8 %
   


 


 


       


 


 


     

 

Routers

 

The increase in net product sales related to routers in the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006 was due to higher revenue from all of our router categories in both periods. Our sales of high-end routers, which represent a larger proportion of our total router sales compared with midrange and low-end routers, increased by approximately $60 million and approximately $140 million over the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2005, respectively. Our high-end router sales are primarily to service providers, which tend to make large and sporadic purchases.

 

Sales of our midrange and low-end routers collectively increased by approximately $25 million and approximately $110 million over the same periods. In fiscal 2005, we introduced the integrated services router. For the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006, sales of integrated services routers represented approximately 41% and 39%, respectively, of our total revenue from midrange and low-end routers compared with approximately 14% and 8% of our total revenue from midrange and low-end routers in the respective periods of fiscal 2005.

 

Switches

 

The increase in net product sales related to switches in both the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006 was due to sales of local-area network (LAN) fixed switches and LAN modular switches. The increase in sales of LAN switches was a result of the continued adoption of new technologies by our customers, resulting in higher sales of our high-end modular switches, the Catalyst 6500 Series, and fixed switches, including Cisco Catalyst 3560 Series Switches and Cisco Catalyst 3750 Series Switches.

 

40


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Advanced Technologies

 

Enterprise IP communications sales increased by approximately $60 million and $140 million from the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2005, respectively, primarily due to sales of IP phones and associated software as our customers transitioned from an analog-based to an IP-based infrastructure. Sales of security products increased by approximately $10 million and $80 million during the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006, respectively, primarily due to module and line-card sales related to our routers and LAN modular switches as customers continued to emphasize network security. Sales of storage area networking products increased by approximately $5 million and $55 million during the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006. Wireless LAN product sales increased by approximately $25 million and $50 million, respectively, during the same periods. Storage area networking and wireless LAN product sales increased primarily due to new customers and continued deployments with existing customers. Home networking product sales increased by approximately $25 million and $40 million during the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006, respectively, primarily due to the growth of our wireless and wired router businesses. After experiencing flat optical sales during the first quarter of fiscal 2006, we experienced weakness in optical sales during the second quarter, with sales decreasing by approximately $60 million, compared to the second quarter of fiscal 2005.

 

Application networking services products and hosted small business systems, which were identified as advanced technologies in the second quarter of fiscal 2006, do not represent a significant amount of revenue. In the third quarter of fiscal 2006, we expect to include sales of digital video products upon completion of the acquisition of Scientific-Atlanta, Inc., which is expected to close in late February or early March 2006. A significant portion of the revenues of Scientific-Atlanta will be included in this category, in addition to the revenue from other solutions we offer in the digital video space.

 

Factors That May Impact Net Product Sales

 

Net product sales may continue to be affected by changes in the geopolitical environment and global economic conditions; competition, including price-focused competitors from Asia, especially China; new product introductions; sales cycles and product implementation cycles; changes in the mix of our customers between service provider and enterprise markets; changes in the mix of direct sales and indirect sales; variations in sales channels; and final acceptance criteria of the product, system, or solution as specified by the customer. In addition, sales to the service provider market have been characterized by large and often sporadic purchases, especially relating to our router sales and sales of certain of our advanced technologies. In addition, service provider customers typically have longer implementation cycles, require a broader range of services, including network design services, and often have acceptance provisions that can lead to a delay in revenue recognition. To improve customer satisfaction, we continue to focus on managing our manufacturing lead-time performance, which may result in corresponding reductions in order backlog. A decline in backlog levels could result in more variability and less predictability in our quarter-to-quarter net sales and operating results. Net product sales may also be adversely affected by fluctuations in demand for our products, especially with respect to Internet businesses and telecommunications service providers, price and product competition in the communications and networking industries, introduction and market acceptance of new technologies and products, adoption of new networking standards, and financial difficulties experienced by our customers. We may, from time to time, experience manufacturing issues that create a delay in our suppliers’ ability to provide specific components, resulting in delayed shipments. To the extent that manufacturing issues and any related component shortages, including those caused by any possible disruption related to our recently announced transition to lean manufacturing, result in delayed shipments in the future, and particularly in periods when we and our suppliers are operating at higher levels of capacity, it is possible that revenue for a quarter could be adversely affected if such matters are not remediated within the same quarter.

 

41


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Our distributors and retail partners participate in various cooperative marketing and other programs. In addition, increasing sales to our distributors and retail partners generally results in greater difficulty in forecasting the mix of our products and, to a certain degree, the timing of orders from our customers. We recognize revenue for sales to our distributors and retail partners based on a sell-through method using information provided by them, and we maintain estimated accruals and allowances for all cooperative marketing and other programs.

 

Net Service Revenue

 

The increase in net service revenue was primarily due to increased technical support service contract initiations and renewals associated with higher product sales, which have resulted in a larger installed base of equipment being serviced, and revenue from advanced services, which relates to consulting support services for our technologies for specific networking needs.

 

Gross Margin

 

The following table shows the gross margin for each theater (in millions, except percentages):

 

    Three Months Ended

    Six Months Ended

 
    Amount

  Percentage

    Amount

  Percentage

 
    January 28,
2006


  January 29,
2005


  January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


    January 28,
2006


  January 29,
2005


  January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


 

Gross margin:

                                               

United States and Canada

  $ 2,294   $ 2,051   66.1 %   65.2 %   $ 4,719   $ 4,197   66.3 %   65.6 %

European Markets

    1,051     965   68.6 %   69.2 %     1,991     1,885   68.6 %   68.9 %

Emerging Markets

    437     336   70.5 %   70.7 %     814     632   70.4 %   70.9 %

Asia Pacific

    482     420   66.9 %   67.4 %     895     805   66.1 %   67.7 %

Japan

    202     281   70.4 %   66.3 %     457     549   70.7 %   67.3 %
   

 

             

 

           

Total

  $ 4,466   $ 4,053   67.4 %   66.9 %   $ 8,876   $ 8,068   67.4 %   67.0 %
   

 

             

 

           

 

The following table shows the gross margin for products and services (in millions, except percentages):

 

    Three Months Ended

    Six Months Ended

 
    Amount

  Percentage

    Amount

  Percentage

 
    January 28,
2006


  January 29,
2005


  January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


    January 28,
2006


  January 29,
2005


  January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


 

Gross margin:

                                               

Product

  $ 3,763   $ 3,437   68.0 %   67.3 %   $ 7,503   $ 6,824   68.0 %   67.3 %

Service

    703     616   64.4 %   64.4 %     1,373     1,244   63.9 %   65.7 %
   

 

             

 

           

Total

  $ 4,466   $ 4,053   67.4 %   66.9 %   $ 8,876   $ 8,068   67.4 %   67.0 %
   

 

             

 

           

 

Product Gross Margin

 

Product gross margin during the second quarter of fiscal 2006 includes the effect of $11 million of stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123(R) on our product cost of sales, which effect reduced product gross margin percentage by 0.2% during the period. There was no stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases in the second quarter of fiscal 2005. Lower overall manufacturing costs related to lower component

 

42


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

costs and value engineering and other manufacturing related costs increased product gross margin by approximately 1%. Value engineering is the process by which production costs are reduced through component redesign, board configuration, test processes, and transformation processes. Higher shipment volume also increased product gross margin by 1%. In addition, a lower provision for warranty and a lower provision for inventory increased product gross margin by 0.5%. Changes in the mix of products sold decreased product gross margin by approximately 1% due to the sales of certain lower-margin switching products and increased sales of home networking products. Sales discounts and rebates decreased product gross margin by approximately 0.5%.

 

Product gross margin during the first six months of fiscal 2006 includes the effect on our product costs of sales of $30 million of stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123(R) which reduced product gross margin percentage by 0.3% during the period. There was no stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases in the first six months of fiscal 2005. Lower overall manufacturing costs related to lower component costs and value engineering and other manufacturing related costs increased product gross margin by approximately 1%. Higher shipment volume also increased product gross margin by 1%. In addition, a lower provision for warranty and a lower provision for inventory increased product gross margin by 0.6%. Changes in the mix of products sold decreased product gross margin by approximately 1% due to the sales of certain lower-margin switching products and increased sales of home networking products. Sales discounts and rebates decreased product gross margin by approximately 0.5%.

 

Product gross margin may continue to be adversely affected in the future by changes in the mix of products sold, including further periods of increased growth of some of our lower-margin products; introduction of new products, including products with price-performance advantages; our ability to reduce production costs; entry into new markets, including markets with different pricing and cost structures; changes in distribution channels; price competition, including competitors from Asia and especially China; changes in geographic mix; sales discounts; increases in material or labor costs; excess inventory and obsolescence charges; warranty costs; changes in shipment volume; loss of cost savings due to changes in component pricing; impact of value engineering; inventory holding charges; and how well we execute on our strategy and operating plans.

 

Service Gross Margin

 

Service gross margin during the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006 includes the effect on our service costs of sales of $28 million and $62 million, respectively, of stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123(R) which reduced service gross margin percentage by 2.6% and 2.9% during the respective periods. There was no stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases in the corresponding periods of fiscal 2005. Our service gross margin from technical support services is higher than the service gross margins from our advanced services. Service gross margin will typically experience some variability over time due to various factors such as the change in mix between technical support services and advanced services, as well as the timing of technical support service contract initiations and renewals and the timing of our adding personnel and resources to support this business. Our revenue from advanced services may continue to increase to a higher proportion of total service revenue due to our continued focus on providing comprehensive support to our customers’ networking devices, applications, and infrastructures.

 

Stock-based Compensation Expense

 

On July 31, 2005, we adopted SFAS 123(R), which requires the measurement and recognition of compensation expense for all share-based payment awards made to employees and directors including employee stock options and employee stock purchases based on estimated fair values. The following table summarizes stock-based

 

43


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123(R) for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006 which was allocated as follows (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended

   Six Months Ended

     January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


   January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


Cost of sales — product

   $ 11     $ —      $ 30     $ —  

Cost of sales — service

     28       —        62       —  
    


 

  


 

Stock-based compensation expense included in cost of sales

     39       —        92       —  

Research and development

     90       —        193       —  

Sales and marketing

     106       —        233       —  

General and administrative

     26       —        60       —  
    


 

  


 

Stock-based compensation expense included in operating expenses

     222       —        486       —  

Total stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases

     261       —        578       —  

Tax benefit

     (73 )     —        (162 )     —  
    


 

  


 

Stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases, net of tax

   $ 188       —      $ 416       —  
    


 

  


 

 

Stock-based compensation related to acquisitions and investments of $24 million and $52 million for the three and six months ended January 28, 2006, respectively is disclosed in Note 3 and is not included in the above table. There was no stock-based compensation expense recognized for the three or six months ended January 29, 2005 other than as related to acquisitions and investments.

 

Research and Development, Sales and Marketing, and General and Administrative Expenses

 

R&D, sales and marketing, and G&A expenses are summarized in the following table (in millions, except percentages):

 

     Three Months Ended

    Six Months Ended

 
     January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


    Variance
in
Dollars


   Variance
in
Percent


    January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


    Variance
in
Dollars


   Variance
in
Percent


 

Research and development

   $ 966     $ 811     $ 155    19.1 %   $ 1,962     $ 1,616     $ 346    21.4 %

Percentage of net sales

     14.6 %     13.4 %                  14.9 %     13.4 %             

Sales and marketing

     1,431       1,142       289    25.3 %     2,884       2,262       622    27.5 %

Percentage of net sales

     21.6 %     18.8 %                  21.9 %     18.8 %             

General and administrative

     282       228       54    23.7 %     560       458       102    22.3 %

Percentage of net sales

     4.3 %     3.8 %                  4.2 %     3.8 %             
    


 


 

        


 


 

      

Total

   $ 2,679     $ 2,181     $ 498    22.8 %   $ 5,406     $ 4,336     $ 1,070    24.7 %
    


 


 

        


 


 

      

Percentage of net sales

     40.4 %     36.0 %                  41.0 %     36.0 %             

 

44


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

R&D expenses increased during the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006 primarily due to higher headcount-related expenses reflecting our continued investment in R&D efforts in routers, switches, advanced technologies and other product technologies and to the effect of stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123(R). We have also continued to purchase or license technology in order to bring a broad range of products to market in a timely fashion. If we believe that we are unable to enter a particular market in a timely manner with internally developed products, we may license technology from other businesses or acquire businesses as an alternative to internal R&D. All of our R&D costs have been expensed as incurred.

 

During the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006, sales and marketing expenses increased primarily due to increases in sales expenses of approximately $250 million and $540 million, respectively. Sales expenses in both periods increased primarily due to an increase in headcount-related expenses and an increase in sales program expenses. Sales expenses also reflect stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123(R) of $88 million and $186 million during the second quarter and first six months of fiscal 2006, respectively. Marketing expenses include $18 million and $47 million of stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123(R), during the same periods.

 

General and administrative expenses during the respective periods increased primarily because of stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123(R).

 

Our headcount increased by 403 employees during the second quarter of fiscal 2006, and by 1,252 employees during the first six months of fiscal 2006. Our quarter-end headcount increased by 3,703 employees over the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2005. Our headcount is expected to increase, especially our planned investments in sales headcount, as we continue to focus on five key areas: the commercial market segment; additional sales coverage; advanced technologies; our evolving support model; and the Emerging Markets theater. As a result, if we do not achieve the benefits anticipated from these investments, our operating results may be adversely affected.

 

Amortization of Purchased Intangible Assets

 

Amortization of purchased intangible assets included in operating expenses was $56 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2006, compared with $57 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2005. Amortization of purchased intangible assets included in operating expenses was $115 million in the first six months of fiscal 2006, compared with $117 million in the first six months of fiscal 2005. For additional information regarding purchased intangibles, see Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

In-Process Research and Development

 

Our methodology for allocating the purchase price relating to purchase acquisitions to in-process R&D is determined through established valuation techniques in the high-technology communications equipment industry. There was no in-process R&D expense in the second quarter of 2006. In-process R&D expense in the second quarter of fiscal 2005 was $2 million. In-process R&D expense in the first six months of fiscal 2006 and fiscal 2005 was $2 million and $14 million, respectively. See Note 3 to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information regarding the acquisitions completed in the first six months of fiscal 2006 and the in-process R&D recorded for each acquisition. In-process R&D was expensed upon acquisition because technological feasibility had not been established and no future alternative uses existed.

 

The fair value of the existing purchased technology and patents, as well as the technology under development, is determined using the income approach, which discounts expected future cash flows to present value. The

 

45


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

discount rates used in the present value calculations are typically derived from a weighted-average cost of capital analysis and venture capital surveys, adjusted upward to reflect additional risks inherent in the development lifecycle. We consider the pricing model for products related to these acquisitions to be standard within the high-technology communications equipment industry. However, we do not expect to achieve a material amount of expense reductions as a result of integrating the acquired in-process technology. Therefore, the valuation assumptions do not include significant anticipated cost savings.

 

For purchase acquisitions completed to date, the development of these technologies remains a significant risk due to the remaining efforts to achieve technical viability, rapidly changing customer markets, uncertain standards for new products, and significant competitive threats. The nature of the efforts to develop these technologies into commercially viable products consists primarily of planning, designing, experimenting, and testing activities necessary to determine that the technologies can meet market expectations, including functionality and technical requirements. Failure to bring these products to market in a timely manner could result in a loss of market share or a lost opportunity to capitalize on emerging markets and could have a material adverse impact on our business and operating results.

 

The following table summarizes the key assumptions underlying the valuation for our purchase acquisition completed in the first six months of fiscal 2006 for which in-process R&D was recorded (in millions, except percentages):

 

Acquisition


   In-Process
R&D Expense


   Estimated Cost to
Complete Technology
at Time of Acquisition


   Risk-Adjusted
Discount Rate for
In-Process R&D


 

KiSS Technology A/S

   $ 2    $ 1    22 %

 

The key assumptions primarily consist of an expected completion date for the in-process projects; estimated costs to complete the projects; revenue and expense projections, assuming the products have entered the market; and discount rates based on the risks associated with the development lifecycle of the in-process technology acquired. Failure to achieve the expected levels of revenue and net income from these products will negatively impact the return on investment expected at the time that the acquisitions were completed and may result in impairment charges. Actual results from the purchase acquisitions to date did not have a material adverse impact on our business and operating results.

 

Interest and Other Income, Net

 

Interest and other income, net were as follows (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended

   Six Months Ended

 
     January 28,
2006


   January 29,
2005


   Variance
in
dollars


   January 28,
2006


   January 29,
2005


   Variance
in
dollars


 

Interest income

   $ 168    $ 127    $ 41    $ 322    $ 257    $ 65  

Other income, net

     17      17      —        —        57      (57 )
    

  

  

  

  

  


Total

   $ 185    $ 144    $ 41    $ 322    $ 314    $ 8  
    

  

  

  

  

  


 

46


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The components of other income, net, are as follows (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended

    Six Months Ended

 
     January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


    January 28,
2006


    January 29,
2005


 

Net gains(losses) on investments in fixed income and publicly traded equity securities

   $ (4 )   $ 22     $ (14 )   $ 80  

Impairment charges on publicly traded equity securities

     —         (5 )     —         (5 )

Net gains on investments in privately held companies

     40       18       46       22  

Impairment charges on investments in privately held companies

     (4 )     (5 )     (11 )     (23 )
    


 


 


 


Net gains and impairment charges on investments

     32       30       21       74  

Other

     (15 )     (13 )     (21 )     (17 )
    


 


 


 


Total

   $ 17     $ 17     $ —       $ 57  
    


 


 


 


 

Provision for Income Taxes

 

The effective tax rate was 28.2% for the second quarter of fiscal 2006 and 28.3% for the first six months of fiscal 2006. The effective tax rate was 28.5% in the second quarter of fiscal 2005 and 28.6% for the first six months of fiscal 2005. The effective tax rate differs from the statutory rate primarily due to acquisition-related costs, stock-based compensation, research and experimentation tax credits, state taxes, and the tax impact of foreign operations.

 

Our future effective tax rates could be adversely affected by earnings being lower than anticipated in countries where we have lower statutory rates and higher than anticipated in countries where we have higher statutory rates, by changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets or liabilities, or by changes in tax laws, regulations, accounting principles, or interpretations thereof. In addition, we are subject to the continuous examination of our income tax returns by the Internal Revenue Service and other tax authorities. We regularly assess the likelihood of adverse outcomes resulting from these examinations to determine the adequacy of our provision for income taxes.

 

On October 22, 2004, the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004 (the “Jobs Creation Act”) was signed into law. The Jobs Creation Act created a temporary incentive for U.S. corporations to repatriate accumulated income earned abroad by providing an 85 percent dividends received deduction for certain dividends from controlled foreign corporations. In the first six months of fiscal 2006, we distributed cash from our foreign subsidiaries and will report an extraordinary dividend (as defined in the Jobs Creation Act) of $1.2 billion and a related tax liability of approximately $63 million in our fiscal 2006 federal income tax return. This amount was previously provided for in the provision for income taxes and is included in income taxes payable.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

The following sections discuss the effects of changes in our balance sheet and cash flows, contractual obligations, other commitments, and the stock repurchase program on our liquidity and capital resources.

 

Balance Sheet and Cash Flows

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents and Investments

 

The following table summarizes our cash and cash equivalents and investments (in millions):

 

     January 28,
2006


   July 30,
2005


   Increase
(Decrease)


 

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 5,151    $ 4,742    $ 409  

Fixed income securities

     8,917      10,372      (1,455 )

Publicly traded equity securities

     921      941      (20 )
    

  

  


Total

   $ 14,989    $ 16,055    $ (1,066 )
    

  

  


 

47


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The decrease in cash and cash equivalents and investments was primarily a result of cash used for the repurchase of common stock of $4.2 billion, capital expenditures of $394 million and acquisitions of businesses of $150 million, partially offset by cash provided by operating activities of $3.3 billion and cash provided by the issuance of common stock of $563 million related to employee stock option exercises and employee stock purchases.

 

Effective October 29, 2005 we changed the method of classification of our investments previously classified as long-term investments to current assets and prior period balances have been reclassified to conform to the current period’s presentation. This new method classifies these securities as current or long-term based on the nature of the securities and the availability for use in current operations while the prior classification was based on the maturities of the investments. We believe this method is preferable because it is more reflective of our assessment of the overall liquidity position. In conjunction with this change in classification of investments, we changed the classification of deferred taxes related to the unrealized gains and losses on long-term investments from noncurrent assets to current assets.

 

As of January 28, 2006, a majority of our cash and cash equivalents and investments are held outside of the United States in certain of our foreign subsidiaries. If these cash and cash equivalents and investments were distributed to the United States in the form of dividends or otherwise, we would be subject to additional U.S. income taxes (subject to an adjustment for foreign tax credits) and foreign withholding taxes.

 

In November 2005, we signed a definitive agreement for our proposed acquisition of Scientific-Atlanta. Under the terms of the agreement, we have agreed to pay $43 per share in cash in exchange for each share of Scientific-Atlanta and to assume outstanding options, for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $6.9 billion, or approximately $5.3 billion, net of Scientific-Atlanta’s cash resources as of November 18, 2005. The proposed acquisition is expected to close in late February or early March, 2006.

 

On February 10, 2006 the Company filed a Form S-3 Registration Statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission to offer debt securities, subject to market conditions. On February 14, 2006, the Company entered into an underwriting agreement to issue unsecured notes in aggregate principal amount of $6.5 billion under the Registration Statement.

 

Of these notes, $500 million will mature in 2009 and bear interest at an adjustable rate equal to the three-month LIBOR plus 0.08%, $3 billion will mature in 2011 and bear interest at an annual coupon rate equal to 5.25% and $3 billion will mature in 2016 and bear interest at an annual coupon rate equal to 5.50%. This offering is expected to be completed in February 2006, subject to customary closing conditions. The Company intends to use the proceeds from the offering to fund the purchase of Scientific-Atlanta and for general corporate purposes.

 

We expect that cash provided by operating activities may fluctuate in future periods as a result of a number of factors, including fluctuations in our operating results, shipment linearity, accounts receivable collections, inventory management, stock option expensing, and the timing and amount of tax and other payments. Shipment linearity is a measure of the level of shipments throughout a particular quarter. For additional discussion, see the following section entitled “Risk Factors.”

 

Accounts Receivable, Net

 

The following table summarizes our accounts receivable, net (in millions):

 

     January 28,
2006


   July 30,
2005


   Increase
(Decrease)


Accounts receivable, net

   $ 2,537    $ 2,216    $ 321

 

48


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Days sales outstanding (DSO) in accounts receivables as of January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005 were 35 days and 31 days, respectively. Our accounts receivable and DSO are primarily impacted by shipment linearity and collections performance. A steady level of shipments and good collections performance will result in reduced DSO compared with a higher level of shipments toward the end of a quarter, which will result in a shorter amount of time to collect the related accounts receivable and increased DSO.

 

Inventories

 

The following table summarizes our inventories (in millions):

 

     January 28,
2006


   July 30,
2005


   Increase
(Decrease)


 

Raw materials

   $ 96    $ 82    $ 14  

Work in process

     477      431      46  

Finished goods:

                      

Distributor inventory and deferred cost of sales

     419      385      34  

Manufacturing finished goods

     145      184      (39 )
    

  

  


Total finished goods

     564      569      (5 )

Service-related spares

     171      180      (9 )

Demonstration systems

     37      35      2  
    

  

  


Total

   $ 1,345    $ 1,297    $ 48  
    

  

  


 

Annualized inventory turns were 6.5 in the second quarter of fiscal 2006, which includes the effect on our cost of sales of $39 million of stock-based compensation expense related to employee stock options and employee stock purchases under SFAS 123(R). Annualized inventory turns were 6.6 in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2005. Our finished goods consist of distributor inventory and deferred cost of sales and manufacturing finished goods. Distributor inventory and deferred cost of sales are related to unrecognized revenue on shipments to distributors and retail partners and shipments to enterprise and service provider customers. Manufacturing finished goods consist primarily of build-to-order and build-to-stock products, including home networking products. Service-related spares consist of reusable equipment related to our technical support and warranty activities. All inventories are accounted for at the lower of cost or market.

 

In the third quarter of fiscal 2006, we are expecting to begin a six to eight quarter transition to what we refer to as a lean manufacturing model. Lean manufacturing is an industry-standard model that seeks to drive efficiency and flexibility in manufacturing processes and in the broader supply chain. Over time, we expect this process will result in incremental increases in purchase commitments with corresponding decreases in core manufacturing inventory.

 

Inventory management remains an area of focus as we balance the need to maintain strategic inventory levels to ensure competitive lead times against the risk of inventory obsolescence because of rapidly changing technology and customer requirements. We believe the amount of our inventory is appropriate for our current revenue levels.

 

49


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Deferred Revenue

 

The breakdown of deferred revenue at January 28, 2006 and July 30, 2005 was as follows (in millions):

 

     January 28,
2006


   July 30,
2005


   Increase
(Decrease)


 

Deferred revenue:

                      

Service

   $ 3,765    $ 3,618    $ 147  

Product

                      

Unrecognized revenue on product shipment and other deferred revenue

     1,079      1,201      (122 )

Cash receipts related to unrecognized revenue from two-tier distributors

     256      223      33  
    

  

  


       1,335      1,424      (89 )
    

  

  


Total

   $ 5,100    $ 5,042    $ 58  
    

  

  


Reported as:

                      

Current

   $ 3,937    $ 3,854    $ 83  

Noncurrent

     1,163      1,188      (25 )
    

  

  


Total

   $ 5,100    $ 5,042    $ 58  
    

  

  


 

The increase in deferred service revenue reflects a seasonal increase in the volume of technical support contract initiations and renewals partially offset by the ongoing amortization of deferred service revenue. The decrease in deferred product revenue was primarily due to previously deferred revenue having met revenue recognition criteria.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

Operating Leases

 

We lease office space in several U.S. locations, as well as locations in Canada and all of our geographic segments, and the future minimum lease payments under all our noncancelable operating leases with an initial term in excess of one year as of January 28, 2006 were $1.2 billion. For additional information see Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

Purchase Commitments with Contract Manufacturers and Suppliers

 

We purchase components from a variety of suppliers and use several contract manufacturers to provide manufacturing services for our products. During the normal course of business, in order to manage manufacturing lead times and help assure adequate component supply, we enter into agreements with contract manufacturers and suppliers that either allow them to procure inventory based upon criteria as defined by us or that establish the parameters defining our requirements. In certain instances, these agreements allow us the option to cancel, reschedule, and adjust our requirements based on our business needs prior to firm orders being placed. Consequently, only a portion of our reported purchase commitments arising from these agreements is firm, noncancelable, and unconditional commitments. As of January 28, 2006, we had total purchase commitments for inventory of approximately $1.2 billion, compared with $954 million as of July 30, 2005.

 

In addition to the above, we record a liability for firm, noncancelable, and unconditional purchase commitments for quantities in excess of our future demand forecasts consistent with our allowance for inventory. As of January 28, 2006, the liability for these firm, noncancelable, and unconditional purchase commitments was $122 million, compared with $107 million as of July 30, 2005, and was included in other accrued liabilities.

 

50


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Other Commitments

 

We have entered into an agreement to invest approximately $800 million in venture funds managed by SOFTBANK Corp. and its affiliates (“SOFTBANK”) that are required to be funded on demand. The total commitment is to be invested in venture funds and as senior debt with entities as directed by SOFTBANK. Our commitment to fund the senior debt is contingent upon the achievement of certain agreed-upon milestones. As of January 28, 2006, we had invested $468 million in the venture funds pursuant to the commitment, compared with $414 million as of July 30, 2005. In addition, as of January 28, 2006, we have invested $49 million in the senior debt pursuant to the commitment, all of which has been repaid. As of July 30, 2005, we had invested $49 million in the senior debt pursuant to the commitment, of which $47 million had been repaid.

 

We also have certain other funding commitments related to our privately held investments that are based on the achievement of certain agreed-upon milestones. The funding commitments were approximately $51 million as of January 28, 2006, compared with approximately $56 million as of July 30, 2005.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We consider our investments in unconsolidated variable interest entities to be off-balance sheet arrangements. In the ordinary course of business, we have investments in privately held companies and provide financing to certain customers through our wholly owned subsidiaries, which may be considered to be variable interest entities. We have evaluated our investments in these privately held companies and customer financings and have determined that there were no significant unconsolidated variable interest entities as of January 28, 2006.

 

Certain events can require a reassessment of our investments in privately held companies or customer financings to determine if they are variable interest entities and if we would be regarded as the primary beneficiary. As a result of such events, we may be required to make additional disclosures or consolidate these entities. Because we may not control these entities, we may not have the ability to influence these events.

 

Stock Repurchase Program

 

In September 2001, our Board of Directors authorized a stock repurchase program. As of January 28, 2006, our Board of Directors had authorized the repurchase of up to $35 billion of common stock under this program. During the first six months of fiscal 2006, we repurchased and retired 236 million shares of Cisco common stock at an average price of $18.01 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $4.2 billion. As of January 28, 2006, we had repurchased and retired 1.7 billion shares of Cisco common stock for an average price of $18.13 per share for an aggregate purchase price of $31.4 billion since inception of the stock repurchase program, and the remaining authorized amount for stock repurchases under this program was $3.6 billion with no termination date.

 

The purchase price for the shares of our common stock repurchased was reflected as a reduction to shareholders’ equity. In accordance with Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 6, “Status of Accounting Research Bulletins,” we are required to allocate the purchase price of the repurchased shares as (i) a reduction to retained earnings until retained earnings were zero and then as an increase to accumulated deficit and (ii) a reduction of common stock and additional paid-in capital. Issuance of common stock and the tax benefit related to employee stock option plans are recorded as an increase to common stock and additional paid-in capital.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resource Requirements

 

Based on past performance and current expectations, we believe our cash and cash equivalents, investments, cash generated from operations, and as described above, the debt securities that we expect to issue to finance the proposed acquisition of Scientific-Atlanta will satisfy our working capital needs, capital expenditures, investment

 

51


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

requirements, stock repurchases, contractual obligations, commitments (see Note 7 to the Consolidated Financial Statements), future customer financings, and other liquidity requirements associated with our operations through at least the next 12 months. Our accumulated deficit is a result of the accounting effect of stock repurchases and is not reflective of our financial performance or our liquidity. We believe that the most strategic uses of our cash resources include repurchase of shares, strategic investments to gain access to new technologies, acquisitions, financing activities, and working capital.

 

There are no other transactions, arrangements, or other relationships with unconsolidated entities or other persons that are reasonably likely to materially affect liquidity or the availability of our requirements for capital resources.

 

52


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

RISK FACTORS

 

Set forth below and elsewhere in this report and in other documents we file with the SEC are risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by the forward-looking statements contained in this report.

 

OUR OPERATING RESULTS MAY FLUCTUATE IN FUTURE PERIODS, WHICH MAY ADVERSELY AFFECT OUR STOCK PRICE

 

Our operating results have been in the past, and will continue to be, subject to quarterly and annual fluctuations as a result of numerous factors. These factors include:

 

    Fluctuations in demand for our products and services, especially with respect to Internet businesses and telecommunications service providers, in part due to the changing global economic environment

 

    Changes in sales and implementation cycles for our products and reduced visibility into our customers’ spending plans and associated revenue

 

    Our ability to maintain appropriate inventory levels and purchase commitments

 

    Price and product competition in the communications and networking industries, which can change rapidly due to technological innovation

 

    The overall movement toward industry consolidation among both our competitors and our customers

 

    The introduction and market acceptance of new technologies and products and our success in new markets, including emerging and advanced technologies, as well as the adoption of new networking standards

 

    Variations in sales channels, product costs, or mix of products sold

 

    The timing, size, and mix of orders from customers

 

    Manufacturing and customer lead times

 

    Fluctuations in our gross margins, and the factors that contribute to this as described below

 

    Our ability to achieve targeted cost reductions

 

    The ability of our customers, channel partners, and suppliers to obtain financing or to fund capital expenditures

 

    The timing and amount of employer payroll tax to be paid on our employees’ gains on stock options exercised

 

    Actual events, circumstances, outcomes, and amounts differing from judgments, assumptions, and estimates used in determining the values of certain assets (including the amounts of related valuation allowances), liabilities, and other items reflected in our Consolidated Financial Statements

 

    How well we execute on our strategy and operating plans

 

    Benefits anticipated from our investments in engineering and sales activities

 

    Changes in accounting rules, such as recording expenses for employee stock option grants and changes in tax accounting principles

 

As a consequence, operating results for a particular future period are difficult to predict, and, therefore, prior results are not necessarily indicative of results to be expected in future periods. Any of the foregoing factors, or any other factors discussed elsewhere herein, could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, and financial condition that could adversely affect our stock price.

 

53


Table of Contents
Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

RISK FACTORS

 

OUR OPERATING RESULTS MAY BE ADVERSELY AFFECTED BY UNFAVORABLE ECONOMIC AND MARKET CONDITIONS AND THE UNCERTAIN GEOPOLITICAL ENVIRONMENT

 

Economic conditions worldwide have contributed to slowdowns in the communications and networking industries and may impact our business, resulting in:

 

    Reduced demand for our products as a result of continued constraints on information technology-related capital spending by our customers, particularly service providers

 

    Increased price competition for our products, not only from our competitors but also as a consequence of customers disposing of unutilized products

 

    Risk of excess and obsolete inventories

 

    Excess facilities and manufacturing capacity

 

    Higher overhead costs as a percentage of revenue

 

Recent turmoil in the geopolitical environment in many parts of the world, including terrorist activities and military actions, particularly the continuing tension in and surrounding Iraq, and changes in energy costs may continue to put pressure on global economic conditions. If the economic and market conditions in the United States and globally do not improve, or if they deteriorate, we may experience material impacts on our business, operating results, and financial condition.

 

OUR REVENUE FOR A PARTICULAR PERIOD IS DIFFICULT TO PREDICT, AND A SHORTFALL IN REVENUE MAY HARM OUR OPERATING RESULTS

 

As a result of a variety of factors discussed in this report, our revenue for a particular quarter is difficult to predict. Our net sales may grow at a slower rate than in past periods, or may decline. Our ability to meet financial expectations could also be adversely affected if the nonlinear sales pattern seen in some of our past quarters recurs in future periods. We have experienced periods of time during which shipments have exceeded net bookings, or manufacturing issues have delayed shipments, leading to nonlinearity in shipping patterns. In addition to making it difficult to predict revenue for a particular period, nonlinearity in shipping can increase costs, because irregular shipment patterns result in periods of underutilized capacity and periods in which overtime expenses may be incurred, as well as leading to additional costs arising out of inventory management. In addition, to the extent that manufacturing issues and any related component shortages result in delayed shipments in the future, and particularly in periods in which we and our contract manufacturers are operating at higher levels of capacity, it is possible that revenue for a quarter could be adversely affected if such matters occur and are not remediated within the same quarter.

 

In addition, to improve customer satisfaction, we continue to attempt to improve our manufacturing lead-time performance, which may result in corresponding reductions in order backlog. A decline in backlog levels could result in more variability and less predictability in our quarter-to-quarter net sales and operating results.