form10-q.htm
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
   
 
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2007
   
or
   
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
   
 
For the transition period from _____________ to _____________
   
Commission File Number: 1-14303
_______________________________________________________________________________

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Delaware
36-3161171
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
   
One Dauch Drive, Detroit, Michigan
48211-1198
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)

(313) 758-2000
(Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
_______________________________________________________________________________

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes x  No   o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):    Large accelerated filer  x Accelerated filer   Non-accelerated filer   o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   o   No   x

As of October 25, 2007, the latest practicable date, the number of shares of the registrant's Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding was 53,514,588 shares.


Internet Website Access to Reports

The website for American Axle & Manufacturing Holdings, Inc. is www.aam.com. Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act are available free of charge through our website as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Securities and Exchange Commission also maintains a website at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC.
 

 
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTER ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2007
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
       
Page Number
       
   
1
         
Part I
   
2
         
 
Item 1
 
2
     
2
     
3
     
4
     
5
         
 
Item 2
 
17
         
 
Item 3
 
22
         
 
Item 4
 
22
         
Part II
   
23
         
 
Item 1A
 
23
         
 
Item 2
 
23
         
 
Item 6
 
23
         
     
24
         
     
25
         
       
       
       


 
CAUTIONARY STATEMENTS
 
Certain statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (Quarterly Report) are forward-looking in nature and relate to trends and events that may affect our future financial position and operating results.  Such statements are made pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.  The terms “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “project” and similar words or expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements.  These statements speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report.  The statements are based on our current expectations, are inherently uncertain, are subject to risks and should be viewed with caution.  Actual results and experience may differ materially from the forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, including, but not limited to:

·  
reduced purchases of our products by General Motors Corporation (GM), Chrysler LLC (Chrysler) or other customers;
   
·  
reduced demand for our customers’ products (particularly light trucks and SUVs produced by GM and Chrysler);
   
·  
our ability and our suppliers’ ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and avoid work stoppages;
   
·  
our customers’ and their suppliers’ ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and avoid work stoppages;
   
·  
our ability to achieve cost reductions through ongoing restructuring actions;
   
·  
additional restructuring actions that may occur;
   
·  
our ability to achieve the level of cost reductions required to sustain global cost competitiveness;
   
·  
supply shortages or price increases in raw materials, utilities or other operating supplies;
   
·  
our ability and our customers’ and suppliers’ ability to successfully launch new product programs on a timely basis;
   
·  
our ability to attract new customers and programs for new products;
   
·  
our ability to develop and produce new products that reflect market demand;
   
·  
our ability to respond to changes in technology or increased competition;
   
·  
adverse changes in laws, government regulations or market conditions including increases in fuel prices affecting our products or our customers’ products (including the Corporate Average Fuel Economy regulations);
   
·  
adverse changes in the economic conditions or political stability of our principal markets (particularly North America, Europe, South America and Asia);
   
·  
liabilities arising from legal proceedings to which we are or may become a party or claims against us or our products;
   
·  
risks of noncompliance with environmental regulations or risks of environmental issues that could result in unforeseen costs at our facilities;
   
·  
availability of financing for working capital, capital expenditures, R&D or other general corporate purposes, including our ability to comply with financial covenants;
   
·  
our ability to attract and retain key associates;
   
·  
other unanticipated events and conditions that may hinder our ability to compete.

It is not possible to foresee or identify all such factors and we make no commitment to update any forward-looking statement or to disclose any facts, events or circumstances after the date hereof that may affect the accuracy of any forward-looking statement.

1

 
PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.  Financial Statements

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)

   
Three months ended
   
Nine months ended
 
   
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
   
2007
   
2006
   
2007
   
2006
 
   
(in millions, except per share data)
 
                         
Net sales
  $
774.3
    $
701.2
    $
2,493.0
    $
2,410.6
 
                                 
Cost of goods sold
   
693.6
     
763.2
     
2,214.4
     
2,319.2
 
                                 
Gross profit (loss)
   
80.7
     
(62.0)
     
278.6
     
91.4
 
                                 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
   
52.0
     
48.0
     
155.1
     
145.9
 
                                 
Operating income (loss)
   
28.7
     
(110.0
   
123.5
     
(54.5
                                 
Net interest expense
    (11.5 )     (11.7 )     (40.8 )     (27.0 )
                                 
Other income (expense)
                               
Debt refinancing and redemption costs
    -      
(0.3
)     (5.5 )    
(2.7
)
Other, net
   
(1.2
)     10.1      
0.1
      11.4  
                                 
Income (loss) before income taxes
   
16.0
     
(111.9
   
77.3
     
(72.8
                                 
Income tax expense (benefit)
   
2.9
     
(49.0
   
14.8
     
(38.9
                                 
Net income (loss)
  $
13.1
    $
(62.9
  $
62.5
    $
(33.9
                                 
Basic earnings (loss) per share
  $
0.26
    $
(1.25
  $
1.23
    $
(0.67
                                 
Diluted earnings (loss) per share
  $
0.25
    $
(1.25
  $
1.19
    $
(0.67
                                 
Dividends declared per share  
$
0.15     $ 0.15     $ 0.45     $ 0.45  
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

   
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
   
2007
   
2006
 
   
(Unaudited)
       
   
(in millions)
 
Assets
           
Current assets
           
Cash and cash equivalents
  $
362.1
    $
13.5
 
Accounts receivable, net
   
320.5
     
327.6
 
Inventories, net
   
248.1
     
198.4
 
Prepaid expenses and other
   
79.0
     
69.2
 
Deferred income taxes
   
28.1
     
30.7
 
Total current assets
   
1,037.8
     
639.4
 
                 
Property, plant and equipment, net
   
1,715.4
     
1,731.7
 
Deferred income taxes
   
49.8
     
35.7
 
Goodwill
   
147.8
     
147.8
 
Other assets and deferred charges
   
60.9
     
42.9
 
Total assets
  $
3,011.7
    $
2,597.5
 
                 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
               
Current liabilities
               
Accounts payable
  $
396.4
    $
316.4
 
Trade payable program liability
   
-
     
12.5
 
Accrued compensation and benefits
   
144.6
     
156.3
 
Other accrued expenses
   
62.6
     
56.1
 
Total current liabilities
   
603.6
     
541.3
 
                 
Long-term debt
   
845.6
     
672.2
 
Deferred income taxes
   
6.3
     
6.8
 
Postretirement benefits and other long-term liabilities
   
683.8
     
563.5
 
Total liabilities
   
2,139.3
     
1,783.8
 
                 
Stockholders' equity
               
Common stock, par value $0.01 per share
   
0.6
     
0.6
 
Paid-in capital
   
409.6
     
381.7
 
Retained earnings
   
616.8
     
590.0
 
Treasury stock at cost, 5.2 million shares in 2007 and 5.1 million shares in 2006
    (173.7 )     (171.8 )
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
               
Defined benefit plans
    (10.4 )     (0.8 )
Foreign currency translation adjustments
   
31.7
     
15.5
 
Unrecognized loss on derivatives
    (2.2 )     (1.5 )
Total stockholders' equity
   
872.4
     
813.7
 
Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
  $
3,011.7
    $
2,597.5
 
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 
   
Nine months ended
 
   
September 30,
 
   
2007
   
2006
 
   
(in millions)
 
Operating activities
           
Net income (loss)
  $
62.5
    $ (33.9 )
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities
               
Depreciation and amortization
   
171.0
     
153.2
 
Deferred income taxes
   
1.6
      (78.7 )
Stock-based compensation
   
16.6
     
8.0
 
Pensions and other postretirement benefits, net of contributions
    42.1       82.1  
Loss on retirement of equipment
   
3.3
     
5.7
 
Debt refinancing and redemption costs
   
5.5
     
2.7
 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities
               
Accounts receivable
   
8.4
      (22.8 )
Inventories
    (48.0 )     (28.4 )
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
   
58.7
     
114.1
 
Other assets and liabilities
   
9.9
      (40.3 )
Net cash provided by operating activities
   
331.6
     
161.7
 
                 
Investing activities
               
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
    (132.9 )     (243.5 )
Purchase buyouts of leased equipment
   
-
      (19.5 )
Net cash used in investing activities
    (132.9 )     (263.0 )
                 
Financing activities
               
Net borrowings (repayments) under revolving credit facilities
    (132.8 )    
24.0
 
Proceeds from the issuance of long-term debt
   
553.1
     
260.9
 
Payment of Term Loan due 2010
    (252.5 )    
-
 
Payments of other long-term debt and capital lease obligations
    (0.5 )     (147.4 )
Debt issuance costs
    (7.5 )     (3.1 )
Employee stock option exercises
   
12.5
     
0.3
 
Tax benefit on stock option exercises
   
2.7
     
-
 
Purchase of treasury stock
    (1.9 )    
-
 
Dividends paid
    (23.8 )     (23.3 )
Net cash provided by financing activities
   
149.3
     
111.4
 
                 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
   
0.6
     
0.1
 
                 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
   
348.6
     
10.2
 
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
   
13.5
     
3.7
 
                 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
  $
362.1
    $
13.9
 
                 
Supplemental cash flow information
               
Interest paid
  $
51.4
    $
33.9
 
Income taxes paid, net of refunds
  $
17.4
    $
47.7
 
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.
 
 
4


AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
SEPTEMBER 30, 2007 (Unaudited)

1.      ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Organization American Axle & Manufacturing Holdings, Inc. (Holdings) and its subsidiaries (collectively, we, our, us or AAM) is a premier Tier I supplier to the automotive industry and a worldwide leader in the manufacture, engineering, design and validation of driveline and drivetrain systems and related components and chassis modules for light trucks, sport utility vehicles (SUVs), passenger cars and crossover vehicles.  Driveline and drivetrain systems include components that transfer power from the transmission and deliver it to the drive wheels.  Our driveline, drivetrain and related products include axles, chassis modules, driveshafts, power transfer units, transfer cases, chassis and steering components, driving heads, crankshafts, transmission parts and metal-formed products.  In addition to locations in the United States (U.S.) (Indiana, Michigan, New York and Ohio), we have offices or facilities in Brazil, China, England, Germany, India, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Poland, Scotland and South Korea.

Basis of Presentation We have prepared the accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  These condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited but include all adjustments which we consider necessary for a fair presentation of the information set forth herein.  Results of operations for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full fiscal year.

Trade Payable Program Liability  In 2007, we terminated our supplier payment program.  As of September 30, 2007, there was no outstanding balance under this program.

Income Tax Expense (Benefit) Income tax expense (benefit) was an expense of $2.9 million in the third quarter of 2007 and $14.8 million in the first nine months of 2007 as compared to a benefit of $49.0 million in the third quarter of 2006 and $38.9 million in the first nine months of 2006.  Our effective income tax rate was 18.2% in the third quarter of 2007 and 19.1% in the first nine months of 2007 as compared to a benefit of 43.8% in the third quarter of 2006 and 53.4% in the first nine months of 2006.  The change in our tax rate is primarily the result of recognizing income tax expense for current income in 2007 as compared to the recognition of the income tax benefit for losses in 2006.  In addition, the tax rate in 2007 reflects an increase in income in jurisdictions which carry lower overall effective tax rates.

The balance sheet at December 31, 2006 presented herein has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) for complete consolidated financial statements.

In order to prepare the accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements, we are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts and disclosures in our interim condensed consolidated financial statements.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.

For further information, refer to the audited consolidated financial statements and notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2006.

Effect of New Accounting Standards In July 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued FASB Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes” (FIN 48).  FIN 48 clarifies the criteria for recognition of income tax benefits in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes.”  We adopted FIN 48 on January 1, 2007 and the impact of adoption was not material.  As of the date of adoption, our unrecognized tax benefits attributable to uncertain tax positions were approximately $26 million.  We remain subject to income tax examinations in the U.S. for years after 2003 and in Mexico for years after 2001.
 
5

 
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

In September 2006, the FASB issued Statement No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (SFAS 157). This statement clarifies the definition of fair value and establishes a fair value hierarchy.  SFAS 157 is effective for us on January 1, 2008 and we are currently assessing the impact of this statement.

In February 2007, the FASB issued Statement No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities” (SFAS 159).  This statement permits entities to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value that are not currently required to be measured at fair value.  SFAS 159 is effective for us on January 1, 2008 and we are currently assessing the impact of this statement.
 
2.      RESTRUCTURING ACTIONS
 
In 2006, we took certain restructuring actions to realign and resize our production capacity and cost structure.  As part of these actions, we incurred charges for one-time termination benefits.  At December 31, 2006, our liability related to these benefits was $36.4 million.

In 2007, we incurred charges for one-time termination benefits related to ongoing restructuring actions.  In addition, we continue to make payments related to the charges incurred in 2006.  A summary of this activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2007 is shown below (in millions):
 
Accrual as of December 31, 2006
Charges
Cash Utilization
Non-Cash Accrual Adjustments
Accrual as of September 30, 2007
$36.4
$12.3
$(31.9)
$(2.5)
$14.3
 
In September 2007, we offered the Buffalo Separation Program (BSP) to all hourly associates represented by the United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America (UAW) at our Buffalo Gear, Axle & Linkage facility in Buffalo, New York.  This voluntary separation program offered retirement or buyout incentives to approximately 650 eligible hourly associates.  These associates have until November 15, 2007 to decide whether to participate.  As of September 30, 2007, approximately 20 associates have elected early participation in this program and have waived the requisite consideration period.  We recorded expense of $2.0 million for the estimated postemployment costs of these associates in the third quarter of 2007.  We will record the remaining liability for the BSP when the final acceptance rates are known in the fourth quarter of 2007.

In 2007, approximately 90 associates represented by the International Association of Machinists (IAM) at our Tonawanda, New York and Detroit, Michigan facilities participated in a voluntary separation incentive program (VSIP) and elected to terminate employment with AAM.  We recorded expense of $7.4 million for the estimated postemployment costs of this VSIP in 2007 and we paid $6.2 million of these costs as of September 30, 2007.  Of the remaining one-time termination benefit charges recorded in the first nine months of 2007, $2.9 million related to service earned in the period for estimated future transition payments to certain salaried associates who will terminate employment on or around December 31, 2007.

We expect to make approximately $7 million in payments related to the remaining restructuring accrual in the fourth quarter of 2007.  We will continue to make payments related to this accrual through 2010.

In addition to the one-time termination benefits, we have also incurred charges related to the redeployment of assets to support ongoing capacity utilization initiatives. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2007, we have expensed $5.7 million and $7.2 million, respectively.

6

 
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

3.      SUPPLEMENTAL UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS
 
In the third quarter of 2006, we recorded a $91.2 million charge to cost of sales relating to supplemental unemployment benefits (SUB) estimated to be payable to the UAW represented associates who are expected to be permanently idled through the end of the collective bargaining agreement that expires in February 2008.  The collective bargaining agreement between AAM and the UAW contains a SUB provision, pursuant to which we are required to pay eligible idled workers certain benefits.  As of December 31, 2006, the liability for SUB was $13.2 million.

In the first nine months of 2007, we paid $8.1 million of SUB to workers deemed to be permanently idled and adjusted our accrual to reflect our current estimate of SUB costs to be paid to these workers through February 2008.  At September 30, 2007, the accrual for SUB was $6.1 million.
 
4.      INVENTORIES
 
We state our inventories at the lower of cost or market.  The cost of our U.S. inventories is determined principally using the last-in, first-out method (LIFO).  The cost of our foreign and indirect inventories is determined principally using the first-in, first-out method (FIFO).  We classify indirect inventories, which include perishable tooling, machine repair parts and other materials consumed in the manufacturing process but not incorporated into our finished products, as raw materials.  When we determine that our gross inventories exceed usage requirements, or if inventories become obsolete or otherwise not saleable, we record a provision for such loss as a component of our inventory accounts.

Inventories consist of the following:

   
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
   
2007
   
2006
 
   
(in millions)
 
             
Raw materials and work-in-progress
  $
244.7
    $
220.6
 
Finished goods
   
58.9
     
26.3
 
Gross inventories
   
303.6
     
246.9
 
LIFO reserve
    (15.4 )     (13.8 )
Other inventory valuation reserves
    (40.1 )     (34.7 )
Inventories, net
  $
248.1
    $
198.4
 
 
7

 
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

5.      LONG-TERM DEBT

Long-term debt consists of the following:

   
September 30,
   
December 31,
 
   
2007
   
2006
 
   
(in millions)
 
             
Revolving Credit Facility
  $
-
    $
100.0
 
7.875% Notes
   
300.0
     
-
 
5.25% Notes, net of discount
   
249.8
     
249.8
 
2.00% Convertible Notes
   
2.7
     
2.7
 
Term Loan due 2010
   
-
     
250.0
 
Term Loan due 2012
   
250.0
     
-
 
Uncommitted lines of credit
   
-
     
33.5
 
Foreign credit facilities and other
   
40.8
     
33.7
 
Capital lease obligations
   
2.3
     
2.5
 
Long-term debt
  $
845.6
    $
672.2
 

The Revolving Credit Facility provides up to $600.0 million of revolving bank financing commitments through April 2010 and bears interest at rates based on LIBOR or an alternate base rate, plus an applicable margin.  At September 30, 2007, we had $570.2 million available under the Revolving Credit Facility.  This availability reflects a reduction of $29.8 million for standby letters of credit issued against the facility.

The Revolving Credit Facility provides back-up liquidity for our foreign credit facilities and uncommitted lines of credit.  We intend to use the availability of long-term financing under the Revolving Credit Facility to refinance any current maturities related to such debt agreements that are not otherwise refinanced on a long-term basis in their respective markets.  Accordingly, we have classified $37.8 million of current maturities as long-term debt.

In the first quarter of 2007, we issued $300.0 million of 7.875% senior unsecured notes due 2017 (7.875% Notes).  Net proceeds from these notes were used for general corporate purposes, including payment of amounts outstanding under our Revolving Credit Facility.  We paid debt issuance costs of $5.2 million related to the 7.875% Notes.

The 2.00% Convertible Notes, as of the date of this filing, are convertible into cash at the option of the holder.

On June 14, 2007, we entered into a $250.0 million senior unsecured term loan that matures in June 2012 (Term Loan due 2012).  Borrowings under the Term Loan due 2012 bear interest payable at rates based on LIBOR or an alternate base rate, plus an applicable margin.  Proceeds from the Term Loan due 2012 were used for general corporate purposes, including the payment of amounts outstanding under the senior unsecured term loan scheduled to mature in April 2010 (Term Loan due 2010).  We paid $2.3 million in debt issuance costs related to the Term Loan due 2012.

On June 28, 2007, we voluntarily prepaid amounts outstanding under our Term Loan due 2010.  Upon repayment of the Term Loan due 2010, we expensed $3.0 million of unamortized debt issuance costs and $2.5 million of prepayment premiums.  We had been amortizing the debt issuance costs over the expected life of the borrowing.
 
8

 
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

We have hedged a portion of our interest rate risk by entering into an interest rate swap with a notional amount of $200.0 million as of September 30, 2007.  The notional amount reduces to $100.0 million in 2008 and expires in April 2010.  The interest rate swap converts variable rate financing based on 3-month LIBOR into fixed U.S. dollar rates.

In the third quarter of 2007, we had access to $60.0 million of uncommitted bank lines of credit, all of which was available at September 30, 2007.

We utilize local credit facilities to finance the operations of certain foreign subsidiaries.  At September 30, 2007, $40.8 million was outstanding under these facilities and an additional $115.6 million was available.

The weighted-average interest rate of our long-term debt outstanding at September 30, 2007 was 7.8% as compared to 8.0% at December 31, 2006.

6.      EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

The components of net periodic benefit cost consist of the following:

   
Pension Benefits
 
   
Three months ended
   
Nine months ended
 
   
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
   
2007
   
2006
   
2007
   
2006
 
   
(in millions)
 
                         
Service cost
  $
5.4
    $
8.4
    $
16.1
    $
25.2
 
Interest cost
   
8.6
     
8.4
     
25.9
     
25.1
 
Expected asset return
    (9.5 )     (7.9 )     (28.5 )     (23.6 )
Amortized loss
   
0.4
     
1.4
     
1.1
     
4.0
 
Amortized prior service cost
   
0.6
     
0.7
     
1.8
     
2.3
 
Special termination benefits
   
0.3
     
-
     
0.7
     
-
 
Net periodic benefit cost
  $
5.8
    $
11.0
    $
17.1
    $
33.0
 

   
Other Postretirement Benefits (OPEB)
 
   
Three months ended
   
Nine months ended
 
   
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
   
2007
   
2006
   
2007
   
2006
 
   
(in millions)
 
                         
Service cost
  $
6.5
    $
10.3
    $
19.4
    $
30.9
 
Interest cost
   
7.0
     
8.1
     
21.0
     
24.1
 
Amortized loss
   
-
     
1.4
     
-
     
4.2
 
Amortized prior service credit
    (0.8 )     (0.4 )     (2.3 )     (1.1 )
Special termination benefits
   
0.4
     
-
     
0.4
       
Net periodic benefit cost
  $
13.1
    $
19.4
    $
38.5
    $
58.1
 
 
9

 
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

We adopted the measurement date provisions of FASB Statement No. 158, “Employers Accounting for Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Plans,” as of January 1, 2007, which requires companies to measure a plan’s assets and obligations that determine its funded status as of the end of the fiscal year.  As a result of this adoption, we recorded a net transition adjustment of $12.0 million in the first quarter of 2007 to the opening retained earnings balance related to the net periodic benefit cost for the period between September 30, 2006 and January 1, 2007.

In the second quarter of 2007, we recorded an adjustment related to the completion of our valuation for pension and other postretirement benefit assets and obligations as of January 1, 2007.  This adjustment resulted in an increase in postretirement benefits and other long-term liabilities of $15.7 million, a decrease in accumulated other comprehensive income of $10.2 million and an increase in deferred income taxes of $5.5 million.

In the first nine months of 2007, we recorded $1.1 million of expense for special termination benefits related to ongoing restructuring activities.  In the third quarter of 2007, we offered the Buffalo Separation Program to all hourly associates represented by the UAW at our Buffalo Gear, Axle & Linkage facility in Buffalo, New York.  Depending on the acceptance rate of this program, we expect to record special termination benefits and a curtailment of certain benefits under our U.S. hourly defined benefit pension and OPEB plans in the fourth quarter of 2007.

7.      COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

Comprehensive income consists of the following:

   
Three months ended
   
Nine months ended
 
   
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
   
2007
   
2006
   
2007
   
2006
 
   
(in millions)
 
                         
Net income (loss)
  $
13.1
    $ (62.9 )   $
62.5
    $ (33.9 )
Defined benefit plans, net of tax
   
0.2
     
-
      (9.6 )    
-
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of tax
   
5.8
     
2.2
     
16.2
     
8.2
 
Loss on derivatives, net of tax
    (1.5 )     (1.2 )     (0.7 )     (2.4 )
Comprehensive income (loss)
  $
17.6
    $ (61.9 )   $
68.4
    $ (28.1 )
 
10

 
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

8.      EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE (EPS)

The following table sets forth the computation of our basic and diluted EPS:

   
Three months ended
   
Nine months ended
 
   
September 30,
   
September 30,
 
   
2007
   
2006
   
2007
   
2006
 
   
(in millions, except per share data)
 
                         
Numerator
                       
Net income (loss)
  $
13.1
    $ (62.9 )   $
62.5
    $ (33.9 )
                                 
Denominator
                               
Basic shares outstanding -
                               
Weighted-average shares outstanding
   
51.3
     
50.3
     
51.0
     
50.3
 
                                 
Effect of dilutive securities
                               
Dilutive stock-based compensation
   
1.7
     
-
     
1.6
     
-
 
                                 
Diluted shares outstanding -
                               
Adjusted weighted-average shares after assumed conversions
   
53.0
     
50.3
     
52.6
     
50.3
 
                                 
Basic EPS
  $
0.26
    $ (1.25 )   $
1.23
    $ (0.67 )
                                 
Diluted EPS
  $
0.25
    $ (1.25 )   $
1.19
    $ (0.67 )

Basic and diluted loss per share in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2006 are the same because the effect of potential dilutive securities would have been antidilutive.  This effect would have been 1.0 million and 0.9 million shares for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2006, respectively.

Certain exercisable stock options were excluded in the computations of diluted EPS because the exercise price of these options was greater than the average period market prices.  The number of stock options outstanding, which were not included in the calculation of diluted EPS, was 1.9 million at September 30, 2007 and 4.7 million at September 30, 2006.  The ranges of exercise prices related to the excluded exercisable stock options were $26.02 - $40.83 at September 30, 2007 and $18.40 - $40.83 at September 30, 2006.
 
11

 
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

9.      SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

On March 14, 2007, we granted approximately 0.3 million stock options to executive officers under our 1999 Stock Incentive Plan.  These options will be expensed over the expected vesting period, which is three years.

We estimated the fair value of our employee stock options on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following assumptions:

   
2007
   
2006
 
 Expected volatility     44.26 
 %
    41.31   %
 Risk -free interest rate     4.46   %     4.78   %
 Dividend yield     2.30   %     3.70   %
 Expected life of options     8 years        7 years   
 Weighted-average grant-date fair value    $ 11.13       $ 5.33   

We also award performance accelerated restricted stock and restricted stock units (PARS and RSUs, respectively) under our 1999 Stock Incentive Plan. We granted approximately 0.8 million PARS and 0.1 million RSUs on March 14, 2007 with a grant-date fair value of $26.02.  The PARS and RSUs vest over three to five years contingent upon the satisfaction of future financial performance targets specified by the awards.  The unearned compensation associated with the PARS and RSUs is expensed over the expected vesting period of each grant.

10.   LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
 
In the third quarter of 2006, we recognized a favorable outcome of $9.1 million, associated with the resolution of various legal proceedings and claims, net of costs incurred to resolve these matters.  A benefit of $9.8 million resulting from this outcome was recorded to Other Income; other costs incurred to resolve these matters were recognized in cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expenses.
 
12

 
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

11.   SUPPLEMENTAL GUARANTOR CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Holdings has no significant assets other than its 100% ownership in AAM, Inc. and no direct subsidiaries other than AAM, Inc.  Holdings fully and unconditionally guarantees the 5.25% Notes and the 7.875% Notes, which are senior unsecured obligations of AAM, Inc.  The 2.00% Convertible Notes are senior unsecured obligations of Holdings and are fully and unconditionally guaranteed by AAM, Inc.

The following Condensed Consolidating Financial Statements are included in lieu of providing separate financial statements for Holdings and AAM, Inc. These Condensed Consolidating Financial Statements are prepared under the equity method of accounting whereby the investments in subsidiaries are recorded at cost and adjusted for the parent’s share of the subsidiaries’ cumulative results of operations, capital contributions and distributions, and other equity changes.

Condensed Consolidating Statements of Operations
Three months ended September 30,
(in millions)

   
Holdings
   
AAM Inc.
   
All Others
   
Elims
   
Consolidated
 
2007
                             
Net sales
                             
External
  $
-
    $
511.4
    $
262.9
    $
-
    $
774.3
 
Intercompany
   
-
     
16.4
     
23.3
      (39.7 )    
-
 
Total net sales
   
-
     
527.8
     
286.2
      (39.7 )    
774.3
 
Cost of goods sold
   
-
     
484.5
     
246.8
      (37.7 )    
693.6
 
Gross profit
   
-
     
43.3
     
39.4
      (2.0 )    
80.7
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
   
-
     
50.0
     
4.0
      (2.0 )    
52.0
 
Operating income (loss)
   
-
      (6.7 )    
35.4
     
-
     
28.7
 
Net interest expense
   
-
      (10.6 )     (0.9 )    
-
      (11.5 )
Other expense, net
   
-
     
-
      (1.2 )    
-
      (1.2 )
Income (loss) before income taxes
   
-
      (17.3 )    
33.3
     
-
     
16.0
 
Income tax expense (benefit)
   
-
      (0.6 )    
3.5
     
-
     
2.9
 
Earnings from equity in subsidiaries
   
13.1
     
18.9
     
-
      (32.0 )    
-
 
Net income before royalties and dividends
   
13.1
     
2.2
     
29.8
      (32.0 )    
13.1
 
Royalties and dividends
   
-
     
10.9
      (10.9 )    
-
     
-
 
Net income after royalties and dividends
  $
13.1
    $
13.1
    $
18.9
    $ (32.0 )   $
13.1
 
 
2006
                                       
Net sales
                                       
External
  $
-
    $
477.9
    $
223.3
    $
-
    $
701.2
 
Intercompany
   
-
     
6.6
     
18.8
      (25.4 )    
-
 
Total net sales
   
-
     
484.5
     
242.1
      (25.4 )    
701.2
 
Cost of goods sold
   
-
     
567.6
     
219.6
      (24.0 )    
763.2
 
Gross profit (loss)
   
-
      (83.1 )    
22.5
      (1.4 )     (62.0 )
Selling, general and administrative expenses
   
-
     
46.0
     
3.4
      (1.4 )    
48.0
 
Operating income (loss)
   
-
      (129.1 )    
19.1
     
-
      (110.0 )
Net interest expense
   
-
      (8.4 )     (3.3 )    
-
      (11.7 )
Other income, net
   
-
     
9.1
     
0.7
     
-
     
9.8
 
Income (loss) before income taxes
   
-
      (128.4 )    
16.5
     
-
      (111.9 )
Income tax benefit
   
-
      (40.2 )     (8.8 )    
-
      (49.0 )
Earnings (loss) from equity in subsidiaries
    (62.9 )    
17.0
     
-
     
45.9
     
-
 
Net income (loss) before royalties and dividends
    (62.9 )     (71.2 )    
25.3
     
45.9
      (62.9 )
Royalties and dividends
   
-
     
8.3
      (8.3 )    
-
     
-
 
Net income (loss) after royalties and dividends
  $ (62.9 )   $ (62.9 )   $
17.0
    $
45.9
    $ (62.9 )
 
13

 
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

Condensed Consolidating Statements of Operations
Nine months ended September 30,
(in millions)

   
Holdings
   
AAM Inc.
   
All Others
   
Elims
   
Consolidated
 
2007
                             
Net sales
                             
External
  $
-
    $
1,686.0
    $
807.0
    $
-
    $
2,493.0
 
Intercompany
   
-
     
42.0
     
76.1
      (118.1 )    
-
 
Total net sales
   
-
     
1,728.0
     
883.1
      (118.1 )    
2,493.0
 
Cost of goods sold
   
-
     
1,563.6
     
763.6
      (112.8 )    
2,214.4
 
Gross profit
   
-
     
164.4
     
119.5
      (5.3 )    
278.6
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
   
-
     
149.1
     
11.3
      (5.3 )    
155.1
 
Operating income
   
-
     
15.3
     
108.2
     
-
     
123.5
 
Net interest expense
   
-
      (37.1 )     (3.7 )    
-
      (40.8 )
Other expense, net
   
-
      (5.4 )    
-
     
-
      (5.4 )
Income (loss) before income taxes
   
-
      (27.2 )    
104.5
     
-
     
77.3
 
Income tax expense
   
-
     
7.3
     
7.5
     
-
     
14.8
 
Earnings from equity in subsidiaries
   
62.5
     
63.7
     
-
      (126.2 )    
-
 
Net income before royalties and dividends
   
62.5
     
29.2
     
97.0
      (126.2 )    
62.5
 
Royalties and dividends
   
-
     
33.3
      (33.3 )    
-
     
-
 
Net income after royalties and dividends
  $
62.5
    $
62.5
    $
63.7
    $ (126.2 )   $
62.5
 
 
2006
                                       
Net sales
                                       
External
  $
-
    $
1,657.4
    $
753.2
    $
-
    $
2,410.6
 
Intercompany
   
-
     
28.6
     
64.2
      (92.8 )    
-
 
Total net sales
   
-
     
1,686.0
     
817.4
      (92.8 )    
2,410.6
 
Cost of goods sold
   
-
     
1,683.2
     
724.8
      (88.8 )    
2,319.2
 
Gross profit
   
-
     
2.8
     
92.6
      (4.0 )    
91.4
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
   
-
     
140.9
     
9.0
      (4.0 )    
145.9
 
Operating income (loss)
   
-
      (138.1 )    
83.6
     
-
      (54.5 )
Net interest expense
   
-
      (13.0 )     (14.0 )    
-
      (27.0 )
Other income, net
   
-
     
6.5
     
2.2
     
-
     
8.7
 
Income (loss) before income taxes
   
-
      (144.6 )    
71.8
     
-
      (72.8 )
Income tax expense (benefit)
   
-
      (42.8 )    
3.9
     
-
      (38.9 )
Earnings (loss) from equity in subsidiaries
    (33.9 )    
38.6
     
-
      (4.7 )    
-
 
Net income (loss) before royalties and dividends
    (33.9 )     (63.2 )    
67.9
      (4.7 )     (33.9 )
Royalties and dividends
   
-
     
29.3
      (29.3 )    
-
     
-
 
Net income (loss) after royalties and dividends
  $ (33.9 )   $ (33.9 )   $
38.6
    $ (4.7 )   $ (33.9 )
 
 
AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

Condensed Consolidating Balance Sheets
(in millions)

   
Holdings
   
AAM Inc.
   
All Others
   
Elims
   
Consolidated
 
September 30, 2007
                             
Assets
                             
Current assets
                             
 Cash and cash equivalents
  $
-
    $
313.3
    $
48.8
    $
-
    $
362.1
 
 Accounts receivable, net
   
-
     
186.6
     
133.9
     
-
     
320.5
 
 Inventories, net
   
-
     
124.1
     
124.0
     
-
     
248.1
 
 Other current assets
   
-
     
61.4
     
45.7
     
-
     
107.1
 
Total current assets
   
-
     
685.4
     
352.4
     
-
     
1,037.8
 
Property, plant and equipment, net
   
-
     
999.1
     
716.3
     
-
     
1,715.4
 
Goodwill
   
-
     
-
     
147.8
     
-
     
147.8
 
Other assets and deferred charges
   
-
     
28.4
     
82.3
     
-
     
110.7
 
Investment in subsidiaries
   
1,160.5
     
746.1
     
-
      (1,906.6 )    
-
 
Total assets
  $
1,160.5
    $
2,459.0
    $
1,298.8
    $ (1,906.6 )   $
3,011.7
 
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
                                       
Current liabilities
                                       
Accounts payable
  $
-
    $
224.2
    $
172.2
    $
-
    $
396.4
 
Other accrued expenses
   
-
     
161.1
     
46.1
     
-
     
207.2
 
Total current liabilities
   
-
     
385.3
     
218.3
     
-
     
603.6
 
Intercompany payable (receivable)
   
285.4
      (509.0 )    
223.6
     
-
     
-
 
Long-term debt
   
2.7
     
799.8
     
43.1
     
-
     
845.6
 
Other long-term liabilities
   
-
     
622.4
     
67.7
     
-
     
690.1
 
Total liabilities
   
288.1
     
1,298.5
     
552.7
     
-
     
2,139.3
 
Stockholders’ equity
   
872.4
     
1,160.5
     
746.1
      (1,906.6 )    
872.4
 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
  $
1,160.5
    $
2,459.0
    $
1,298.8
    $ (1,906.6 )   $
3,011.7
 
                                         
December 31, 2006
                                       
Assets
                                       
Current assets
                                       
Cash and cash equivalents
  $
-
    $
0.5
    $
13.0
    $
-
    $
13.5
 
Accounts receivable, net
   
-
     
181.0
     
146.6
     
-
     
327.6
 
Inventories, net
   
-
     
110.4
     
88.0
     
-
     
198.4
 
Other current assets
   
-
     
62.9
     
37.0
     
-
     
99.9
 
Total current assets