AXL-Q22013-10Q

 

UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C.  20549

FORM 10-Q

þ
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2013
 
 
or
 
 
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
 
For the transition period from  _____________ to _____________
 
 
Commission File Number:  1-14303
_______________________________________________________________________________

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

 
Delaware
 
38-3161171
 
 
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
One Dauch Drive, Detroit, Michigan
 
48211-1198
 
 
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(313) 758-2000
(Registrant's Telephone Number, Including Area Code)
_______________________________________________________________________________
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes þ No o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes  þ No  o
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company.  See definition of “accelerated filer,” “large accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

Large accelerated filer   þ         Accelerated filer  o           Non-accelerated filer   o                Smaller reporting company   o
                                                                                (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o No þ

As of July 31, 2013, the latest practicable date, the number of shares of the registrant's Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, outstanding was 74,974,263 shares.
 
Internet Website Access to Reports

The website for American Axle & Manufacturing Holdings, Inc. is www.aam.com.  Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act are available free of charge through our website as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).  The SEC also maintains a website at www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements, and other information regarding issuers that file electronically with the SEC.




AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTER ENDED JUNE 30, 2013
TABLE OF CONTENTS 
 
 
 
 
Page Number
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (Quarterly Report), we make statements concerning our expectations, beliefs, plans, objectives, goals, strategies, and future events or performance.  Such statements are “forward-looking” statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and relate to trends and events that may affect our future financial position and operating results.  The terms such as “will,” “may,” “could,” “would,” “plan,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “project,” and similar words or expressions, as well as statements in future tense, are intended to identify forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results, and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the times at, or by, which such performance or results will be achieved.  Forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time those statements are made and/or management’s good faith belief as of that time with respect to future events and are subject to risks and may differ materially from those expressed in or suggested by the forward-looking statements.  Important factors that could cause such differences include, but are not limited to:

global economic conditions, including the impact of the continued market weakness in the Euro-zone; 
reduced purchases of our products by General Motors Company (GM), Chrysler Group LLC (Chrysler) or other customers;
reduced demand for our customers' products (particularly light trucks and sport utility vehicles (SUVs) produced by GM and Chrysler);
our ability or our customers' and suppliers' ability to successfully launch new product programs on a timely basis;
our ability to realize the expected revenues from our new and incremental business backlog;
our ability to respond to changes in technology, increased competition or pricing pressures;
supply shortages or price increases in raw materials, utilities or other operating supplies for us or our customers as a result of natural disasters or otherwise;
liabilities arising from warranty claims, product recall or field actions, product liability and legal proceedings to which we are or may become a party;
our ability to achieve the level of cost reductions required to sustain global cost competitiveness;
our ability to attract new customers and programs for new products;
price volatility in, or reduced availability of, fuel;
our ability to develop and produce new products that reflect market demand;
lower-than-anticipated market acceptance of new or existing products;
risks inherent in our international operations (including adverse changes in political stability, taxes and other law changes, potential disruptions of production and supply, and currency rate fluctuations);
our ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and avoid work stoppages;
our suppliers', our customers' and their suppliers' ability to maintain satisfactory labor relations and avoid work stoppages;
availability of financing for working capital, capital expenditures, research and development (R&D) or other general corporate purposes, including our ability to comply with financial covenants;
our customers' and suppliers' availability of financing for working capital, capital expenditures, R&D or other general corporate purposes;
adverse changes in laws, government regulations or market conditions affecting our products or our customers' products (such as the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations);
changes in liabilities arising from pension and other postretirement benefit obligations;
our ability to attract and retain key associates;
risks of noncompliance with environmental laws and regulations or risks of environmental issues that could result in unforeseen costs at our facilities;
our ability or our customers' and suppliers' ability to comply with the Dodd-Frank Act and other regulatory requirements and the potential costs of such compliance;
our ability to consummate and integrate acquisitions and joint ventures; and
other unanticipated events and conditions that may hinder our ability to compete.

It is not possible to foresee or identify all such factors and we make no commitment to update any forward-looking statement or to disclose any facts, events or circumstances after the date hereof that may affect the accuracy of any forward-looking statement.


  

1



PART I.  FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.  Financial Statements

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
(in millions, except per share data)
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net sales
$
799.6

 
$
739.8

 
$
1,555.2

 
$
1,491.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of goods sold
677.4

 
654.0

 
1,328.7

 
1,266.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
122.2

 
85.8

 
226.5

 
225.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
60.5

 
55.5

 
120.1

 
117.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating income
61.7

 
30.3

 
106.4

 
107.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
(28.8
)
 
(23.4
)
 
(57.9
)
 
(47.4
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Investment income
0.2

 
0.1

 
0.3

 
0.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income (expense)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt refinancing and redemption costs
0.1

 

 
(11.2
)
 

Other, net
(2.0
)
 
(0.6
)
 
(1.5
)
 
(1.8
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
31.2

 
6.4

 
36.1

 
58.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax expense
5.4

 
1.7

 
3.0

 
3.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
25.8

 
4.7

 
33.1

 
55.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 
0.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to AAM
$
25.8

 
$
4.7

 
$
33.1

 
$
55.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
$
0.34

 
$
0.06

 
$
0.43

 
$
0.74

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted earnings per share
$
0.34

 
$
0.06

 
$
0.43

 
$
0.74

 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.                   


2



AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
(in millions)
Net income
$
25.8

 
$
4.7

 
$
33.1

 
$
55.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Defined benefit plans, net of tax of $(0.8) million and $(0.1) million for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, respectively
1.7

 
(0.5
)
 
0.6

 
(14.5
)
     Foreign currency translation adjustments
(21.7
)
 
(22.5
)
 
(16.8
)
 
(11.8
)
     Change in derivatives
(2.1
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(1.6
)
 
5.4

Other comprehensive loss
(22.1
)
 
(23.2
)
 
(17.8
)
 
(20.9
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income (loss)
3.7

 
(18.5
)
 
15.3

 
34.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 
0.9

Foreign currency translation adjustments attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 

 
0.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to AAM
$
3.7

 
$
(18.5
)
 
$
15.3

 
$
34.8


See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.                   

3




AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 
 
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 
(in millions)
Current assets
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
78.9

 
$
62.4

Accounts receivable, net
 
559.5

 
463.4

Inventories, net
 
233.2

 
224.3

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
120.6

 
122.0

Total current assets
 
992.2

 
872.1

 
 
 

 
 

Property, plant and equipment, net
 
1,036.8

 
1,009.7

Deferred income taxes
 
366.2

 
366.1

Goodwill
 
156.2

 
156.4

GM postretirement cost sharing asset
 
252.5

 
259.7

Other assets and deferred charges
 
204.8

 
202.0

Total assets
 
$
3,008.7

 
$
2,866.0

 
 
 

 
 

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Deficit
 
 

 
 

Current liabilities
 
 

 
 

Accounts payable
 
$
450.7

 
$
396.1

Accrued compensation and benefits
 
90.1

 
84.9

Deferred revenue
 
15.8

 
17.2

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
 
90.4

 
102.6

Total current liabilities
 
647.0

 
600.8

 
 
 

 
 

Long-term debt
 
1,546.5

 
1,454.1

Deferred revenue
 
79.5

 
82.2

Postretirement benefits and other long-term liabilities
 
837.3

 
849.7

Total liabilities
 
3,110.3

 
2,986.8

 
 
 

 
 

Stockholders' deficit
 
 

 
 

Common stock, par value $0.01 per share
 
0.8

 
0.8

Paid-in capital
 
604.9

 
600.9

Accumulated deficit
 
(242.7
)
 
(275.8
)
Treasury stock at cost, 6.0 million shares as of June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012
 
(182.2
)
 
(182.1
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
 
 
 
 
Defined benefit plans
 
(273.9
)
 
(274.5
)
Foreign currency translation adjustments
 
(9.2
)
 
7.6

Unrecognized gain on derivatives
 
0.7

 
2.3

Total AAM stockholders' deficit
 
(101.6
)
 
(120.8
)
Noncontrolling interest in subsidiaries
 

 

Total stockholders’ deficit
 
(101.6
)
 
(120.8
)
Total liabilities and stockholders' deficit
 
$
3,008.7

 
$
2,866.0

 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements. 

4



AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
 
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
(in millions)
Operating activities
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
33.1

 
$
55.0

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities
 
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
 
83.7

 
73.7

Deferred income taxes
 
(1.5
)
 
(1.1
)
Stock-based compensation
 
3.2

 
0.6

Pensions and other postretirement benefits, net of contributions
 
5.9

 
(29.5
)
Loss (gain) on disposal of property, plant and equipment, net
 
(3.5
)
 
0.8

Debt refinancing and redemption costs
 
2.5

 

Changes in operating assets and liabilities
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
(99.1
)
 
(142.6
)
Inventories
 
(12.3
)
 
(34.2
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
 
51.1

 
135.3

Deferred revenue
 
(3.8
)
 
(16.7
)
Other assets and liabilities
 
(26.1
)
 
(16.7
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 
33.2

 
24.6

 
 
 

 
 

Investing activities
 
 

 
 

Purchases of property, plant and equipment
 
(121.5
)
 
(92.9
)
Proceeds from sale of property, plant and equipment
 
4.9

 
1.2

Proceeds from sale-leaseback of equipment
 
16.0

 

Net cash used in investing activities
 
(100.6
)
 
(91.7
)
 
 
 

 
 

Financing activities
 
 

 
 

Net short-term repayments under credit facilities
 
(12.0
)
 
(1.7
)
Payments of long-term debt and capital lease obligations
 
(307.3
)
 
(18.0
)
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
 
410.0

 
12.4

Debt issuance costs
 
(6.6
)
 

Purchase of noncontrolling interest
 

 
(4.0
)
Purchase of treasury stock
 
(0.1
)
 
(5.9
)
Employee stock option exercises
 
0.8

 
0.1

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
 
84.8

 
(17.1
)
 
 
 

 
 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
 
(0.9
)
 
0.2

 
 
 

 
 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
 
16.5

 
(84.0
)
 
 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
62.4

 
169.2

 
 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
78.9

 
$
85.2

 
 
 

 
 

Supplemental cash flow information
 
 

 
 

     Interest paid
 
$
55.9

 
$
43.1

     Income taxes paid, net of refunds
 
$
8.2

 
$
10.0

 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5



AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
June 30, 2013
(Unaudited)

1. ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Organization  American Axle & Manufacturing Holdings, Inc. (Holdings) and its subsidiaries (collectively, we, our, us or AAM) is a Tier I supplier to the automotive industry. We manufacture, engineer, design and validate driveline and drivetrain systems and related components and chassis modules for light trucks, sport utility vehicles (SUVs), passenger cars, crossover vehicles and commercial vehicles. Driveline and drivetrain systems include components that transfer power from the transmission and deliver it to the drive wheels. Our driveline, drivetrain and related products include axles, chassis modules, driveshafts, power transfer units, transfer cases, chassis and steering components, driveheads, transmission parts and metal-formed products. In addition to locations in the United States (U.S.) (Michigan, Ohio, Indiana and Pennsylvania), we also have offices or facilities in Brazil, China, Germany, India, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, Poland, Scotland, South Korea, Sweden and Thailand.

Basis of Presentation  We have prepared the accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with the instructions to Form 10-Q under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  These condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited but include all normal recurring adjustments, which we consider necessary for a fair presentation of the information set forth herein.  Results of operations for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results for the full fiscal year.

The balance sheet at December 31, 2012 presented herein has been derived from the audited consolidated financial statements at that date but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) for complete consolidated financial statements.
 
In order to prepare the accompanying interim condensed consolidated financial statements, we are required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts and disclosures in our interim condensed consolidated financial statements.  Actual results could differ from those estimates.

For further information, refer to the audited consolidated financial statements and notes included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012.

Effect of New Accounting Standards On January 1, 2013, new accounting guidance regarding impairment testing of indefinite-lived intangible assets became effective. Under the new guidance, an entity testing an indefinite-lived intangible asset for impairment has the option of performing a qualitative impairment assessment before calculating the fair value of the asset. We do not believe that the adoption of this new accounting guidance will have a significant effect on our impairment assessments of indefinite-lived intangible assets in the future.

On February 5, 2013, new accounting guidance was issued which requires entities to disclose additional information about items reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI). The new guidance requires entities to disclose, either on the face of the financial statements or as a separate footnote to the financial statements, additional information regarding changes in AOCI balances by component, either before tax or net-of-tax, and requires entities to disclose significant items reclassified out of AOCI by component. The new guidance does not change the current accounting guidance which states that a total for comprehensive income must be reported in condensed interim financial statements in either a single continuous statement or two separate but consecutive statements. Other than additional disclosure requirements, the adoption of this new guidance has had no impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.


6

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

2. RESTRUCTURING ACTIONS

There were no payments made in the first six months of 2013 related to our remaining asset retirement obligation of $0.5 million, as of June 30, 2013.

In the six months ended June 30, 2012, we incurred charges for the redeployment of assets and other related costs associated with the closure of our Detroit Manufacturing Complex (DMC) and Cheektowaga Manufacturing Facility (CKMF). We expensed and paid $20.7 million in the first six months of 2012, related to these actions.

3. INVENTORIES

We state our inventories at the lower of cost or market.  The cost of our inventories is determined using the FIFO method.  When we determine that our gross inventories exceed usage requirements, or if inventories become obsolete or otherwise not saleable, we record a provision for such loss as a component of our inventory accounts.

Inventories consist of the following: 
 
 
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
Raw materials and work-in-progress
 
$
238.5

 
$
220.3

Finished goods
 
26.2

 
25.0

Gross inventories
 
264.7

 
245.3

Inventory valuation reserves
 
(31.5
)
 
(21.0
)
Inventories, net
 
$
233.2

 
$
224.3

 

7

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

4. LONG-TERM DEBT

Long-term debt consists of the following:
 
 
 
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
Revolving credit facility
 
$

 
$

9.25% Notes, net of discount
 
337.8

 
337.5

7.875% Notes
 

 
300.0

7.75% Notes
 
200.0

 
200.0

6.625% Notes
 
550.0

 
550.0

6.25% Notes
 
400.0

 

Foreign credit facilities
 
53.2

 
61.0

Capital lease obligations
 
5.5

 
5.6

Long-term debt
 
$
1,546.5

 
$
1,454.1


6.25% Notes In the first quarter of 2013, we issued $400.0 million of 6.25% senior unsecured notes due 2021 (6.25% Notes). Concurrent with the offering of the 6.25% Notes, we made a tender offer to purchase our 7.875% Notes, of which the aggregate principal amount outstanding at the time of the tender offer was $300.0 million. Net proceeds from the 6.25% Notes were used to fund the purchase pursuant to the tender offer and the subsequent redemption of the entire $300.0 million of the 7.875% Notes and for other general corporate purposes. We paid debt issuance costs of $6.6 million in the first six months of 2013 related to the 6.25% Notes.

7.875% Notes On March 1, 2013, in connection with the cash tender offer, we purchased $172.6 million aggregate principal amount of the 7.875% Notes, and paid accrued interest. Upon purchase, we expensed $5.2 million related to a tender premium, $0.1 million of professional fees and unamortized debt issuance costs of $1.2 million related to this debt. We had been amortizing the debt issuance costs over the expected life of the borrowing.

On March 15, 2013, we voluntarily redeemed the remaining 7.875% Notes outstanding. This resulted in a principal payment of $127.4 million, a payment of $3.3 million related to a redemption premium, as well as payment of accrued interest. Upon redemption, we expensed $0.9 million of unamortized debt issuance costs related to this debt. We had been amortizing the debt issuance costs over the expected life of the borrowing.

Revolving Credit Facility On March 20, 2013, we terminated our class C loan facility of $72.8 million, which would have matured on June 30, 2013. Upon termination, we expensed $0.5 million of unamortized debt issuance costs related to the class C facility. We had been amortizing the debt issuance costs over the expected life of the borrowing. As of June 30, 2013, the Revolving Credit Facility provided up to $365.0 million of revolving bank financing commitments through June 30, 2016.  At June 30, 2013, we had $341.7 million available under the Revolving Credit Facility.  This availability reflects a reduction of $23.3 million for standby letters of credit issued against the facility.

The Revolving Credit Facility provides back-up liquidity for our foreign credit facilities.  We intend to use the availability of long-term financing under the Revolving Credit Facility to refinance any current maturities related to such debt agreements that are not otherwise refinanced on a long-term basis in their local markets.

We utilize local currency credit facilities to finance the operations of certain foreign subsidiaries.  At June 30, 2013, $53.2 million was outstanding under these facilities and an additional $59.2 million was available.

The weighted-average interest rate of our long-term debt outstanding was 7.5% at June 30, 2013 and 7.9% as of December 31, 2012.  


8

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

5. FAIR VALUE

The fair value accounting guidance defines fair value as “the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.”  The definition is based on an exit price rather than an entry price, regardless of whether the entity plans to hold or sell the asset.  This guidance also establishes a fair value hierarchy to prioritize inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:

Level 1:  Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;
Level 2:  Inputs, other than quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3:  Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.

Financial instruments   The estimated fair value of our financial assets and liabilities that are recognized at fair value on a recurring basis, using available market information and other observable data, as of June 30, 2013, are as follows:
 
 
 
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
 
 
 
 
  Carrying Amount
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Amount
 
Fair Value
 
Input
 
 
(in millions)
 
  (in millions)
 
 
Balance Sheet Classification
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
 
$
10.8

 
$
10.8

 
$
6.5

 
$
6.5

 
Level 1
Prepaid expenses and other current
    assets
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
Currency forward contracts
 
1.1

 
1.1

 
2.3

 
2.3

 
Level 2
Other assets and deferred charges
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency forward contracts
 
0.1

 
0.1

 

 

 
Level 2
Other accrued expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Currency forward contracts
 
0.5

 
0.5

 

 

 
Level 2

The carrying values of our cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and accrued liabilities approximates their fair values due to the short-term maturities of these instruments.  The carrying values of our borrowings under the foreign credit facilities approximates their fair value due to the frequent resetting of the interest rates.  We estimated the fair value of the amounts outstanding on our debt using available market information and other observable data, to be as follows:
 
 
 
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
 
 
 
 
Carrying  Amount
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying  Amount
 
Fair Value
 
 
Input
 
 
(in millions)
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9.25% Notes
 
$
337.8

 
$
363.8

 
$
337.5

 
$
377.4

 
Level 2
7.875% Notes
 

 

 
300.0

 
310.1

 
Level 2
7.75% Notes
 
200.0

 
218.5

 
200.0

 
216.5

 
Level 2
6.625% Notes
 
550.0

 
558.3

 
550.0

 
555.5

 
Level 2
6.25% Notes
 
400.0

 
405.0

 

 

 
Level 2
 

9

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

6. DERIVATIVES

Our business and financial results are affected by fluctuations in world financial markets, including interest rates and currency exchange rates.  Our hedging policy has been developed to manage these risks to an acceptable level based on management’s judgment of the appropriate trade-off between risk, opportunity and cost.  We do not hold financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes.

Currency forward contracts  From time to time, we use foreign currency forward contracts to reduce the effects of fluctuations in exchange rates, primarily relating to the Mexican Peso, Euro and Pound Sterling.  As of June 30, 2013, we have currency forward contracts outstanding with a notional amount of $47.5 million that hedge our exposure to changes in foreign currency exchange rates for our payroll expenses.  

The following table summarizes the reclassification of pre-tax derivative gains into net income from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
Location of
 
Gain (Loss) Reclassified
 
Gain Expected to be
 
 
Gain (Loss)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
Reclassified
 
 
  Reclassified into
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
During the
 
 
  Net Income
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
Next 12 Months
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Currency forward contracts
 
Cost of Goods Sold
 
$
0.9

 
$
(1.3
)
 
$
2.1

 
$
(1.5
)
 
$
0.6

 

10

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

7. EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

The components of net periodic benefit cost (credit) are as follows:

 
 
Pension Benefits
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
 
$
0.9

 
$
0.8

 
$
1.8

 
$
1.6

Interest cost
 
8.5

 
8.8

 
17.0

 
17.6

Expected asset return
 
(11.5
)
 
(8.0
)
 
(23.0
)
 
(16.0
)
Amortized loss
 
2.4

 
1.8

 
4.8

 
3.6

Amortized prior service cost
 
0.3

 

 
0.6

 

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
0.6

 
$
3.4

 
$
1.2

 
$
6.8

 
 
 
 
 
Other Postretirement Benefits
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Service cost
 
$
0.1

 
$
0.1

 
$
0.2

 
$
0.2

Interest cost
 
3.3

 
3.9

 
6.6

 
7.8

Amortized loss
 
0.2

 
0.2

 
0.4

 
0.4

Amortized prior service credit
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(0.9
)
 
(1.0
)
Curtailment gain
 

 

 

 
(21.8
)
Settlement
 

 
(5.2
)
 

 
(5.2
)
Net periodic benefit cost (credit)
 
$
3.1

 
$
(1.5
)
 
$
6.3

 
$
(19.6
)

In the first quarter of 2012, we recorded a gain of $21.8 million to cost of goods sold for the curtailment of certain other postretirement benefits (OPEB). This resulted primarily from the reduction in the expected future OPEB related to the DMC and CKMF hourly associates who terminated employment from AAM as a result of our plant closures. These curtailment gains resulted in an increase in our accumulated other comprehensive loss of $21.8 million.

In the second quarter of 2012, we notified hourly associates of the termination of a benefit plan, which provided legal services to certain eligible hourly associates represented by the International UAW. As a result of terminating this plan, we recorded a settlement gain of $5.2 million in cost of goods sold in the second quarter of 2012. Recognition of this settlement gain reduced our postretirement benefits and other long-term liabilities by $4.7 million and also reduced our accumulated other comprehensive loss by $0.5 million.

Due to our significant pension contributions made in 2012, we will not make any cash payments in 2013 to satisfy our regulatory funding requirements. We expect our cash outlay for other postretirement benefit obligations in 2013, net of GM cost sharing, to be approximately $15 million.

11

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

8.
PRODUCT WARRANTIES

We record a liability for estimated warranty obligations at the dates our products are sold.  These estimates are established using sales volumes and internal and external warranty data where there is no payment history and historical information about the average cost of warranty claims for customers with prior claims.  We adjust the liability as necessary.

The following table provides a reconciliation of changes in the product warranty liability:

 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Beginning balance
 
$
22.9

 
$
16.8

 
$
29.1

 
$
13.4

     Accruals
 
2.5

 
10.7

 
5.7

 
14.4

     Settlements
 
(1.3
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(10.5
)
 
(0.4
)
     Adjustment to prior period accruals, net
 
(0.7
)
 
(2.8
)
 
(0.9
)
 
(2.8
)
     Foreign currency translation and other
 
(0.2
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.2
)
 
(0.1
)
Ending balance
 
$
23.2

 
$
24.5

 
$
23.2

 
$
24.5



9. INCOME TAXES

 We are required to adjust our effective tax rate each quarter to estimate our annual effective tax rate. We must also record the tax impact of certain discrete, unusual or infrequently occurring items, including changes in judgment about valuation allowances and effects of changes in tax laws or rates, in the interim period in which they occur. In addition, jurisdictions with a projected loss for the year or a year-to-date loss where no tax benefit can be recognized are excluded from the estimated annual effective tax rate. The impact of such an exclusion could result in a higher or lower effective tax rate during a particular quarter, based upon the mix and timing of actual earnings versus annual projections.

Income tax expense was $5.4 million in the three months ended June 30, 2013 as compared to $1.7 million in the three months ended June 30, 2012.  Our effective income tax rate was 17.2% in the second quarter of 2013 as compared to 25.9% in the second quarter of 2012.  

Income tax expense was $3.0 million in the first six months of 2013 as compared to $3.9 million in the first six months of 2012.  Our effective income tax rate was 8.3% in the first six months of 2013 as compared to 6.6% in the first six months of 2012

Our income tax expense and effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 primarily reflect favorable foreign tax rates, along with our inability to realize a tax benefit for current foreign losses. Additionally, in the first quarter of 2013, we recorded a tax benefit of $1.5 million relating to the release of a prior year unrecognized tax benefit due to the expiration of the applicable statute of limitations and a tax benefit of $3.3 million relating to an election we made in the first six months of 2013 regarding the treatment of foreign exchange gains and losses in a foreign jurisdiction.

In the three months ended June 30, 2013, we settled a transfer pricing examination of our 2006 income tax return with the Mexican tax authorities. This settlement resulted in a reduction of our liability for unrecognized income tax benefits and a cash payment of $4.7 million.

Our income tax expense and effective tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2012 reflect the effect of recognizing a net operating loss benefit against our taxable income in the U.S. and recognizing net tax expense of $1.3 million related to the amendment of state income tax returns as a result of the settlement of federal income tax audits for the years 2004 through 2007.


12

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

10. EARNINGS PER SHARE (EPS)

 The following table sets forth the computation of our basic and diluted EPS:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Six Months Ended
 
 
June 30,
 
June 30,
 
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
 
 
(in millions, except per share data)
Numerator
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income attributable to AAM
 
$
25.8

 
$
4.7

 
$
33.1

 
$
55.9

 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Denominator
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic shares outstanding -
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

   Weighted-average shares outstanding
 
76.8

 
75.1

 
76.5

 
75.1

 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Effect of dilutive securities
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

   Dilutive stock-based compensation
 
0.1

 

 

 

 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Diluted shares outstanding -
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

   Adjusted weighted-average shares after assumed conversions
 
76.9

 
75.1

 
76.5

 
75.1

 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Basic EPS
 
$
0.34

 
$
0.06

 
$
0.43

 
$
0.74

 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Diluted EPS
 
$
0.34

 
$
0.06

 
$
0.43

 
$
0.74

 
Certain exercisable stock options were excluded from the computations of diluted EPS because the exercise price of these options was greater than the average period market prices. The number of stock options outstanding, which were not included in the calculation of diluted EPS, was 2.3 million at June 30, 2013 and 3.3 million at June 30, 2012. The range of exercise prices related to the excluded exercisable stock options was $15.58 - $40.83 at June 30, 2013 and June 30, 2012.


13

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

11. RECLASSIFICATIONS OUT OF ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

Reclassification adjustments and other activity impacting accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) during the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 are as follows (in millions):
 
Defined Benefit Plans
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Unrecognized Gain on Derivatives
 
Total
Balance at March 31, 2013
$
(275.6
)
 
$
12.5

 
$
2.8

 
(260.3
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications
(0.8
)
 
(21.7
)
 
(1.2
)
 
(23.7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (Loss (gain) recorded in cost of goods sold)
2.5

 

 
(0.9
)
 
1.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
1.7

 
(21.7
)
 
(2.1
)
 
(22.1
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at June 30, 2013
$
(273.9
)
 
$
(9.2
)
 
$
0.7

 
$
(282.4
)

 
Defined Benefit Plans
 
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Unrecognized Gain on Derivatives
 
Total
Balance at December 31, 2012
$
(274.5
)
 
$
7.6

 
$
2.3

 
$
(264.6
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other comprehensive income (loss) before reclassifications
(4.4
)
 
(16.8
)
 
0.5

 
(20.7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) (Loss (gain) recorded in cost of goods sold)
5.0

 

 
(2.1
)
 
2.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net current period other comprehensive income (loss)
0.6

 
(16.8
)
 
(1.6
)
 
(17.8
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at June 30, 2013
$
(273.9
)
 
$
(9.2
)
 
$
0.7

 
$
(282.4
)
  



14

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

12. SUPPLEMENTAL GUARANTOR CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

Holdings has no significant assets other than its 100% ownership in AAM, Inc. and no direct subsidiaries other than AAM, Inc.  The 9.25% Notes are senior secured obligations of AAM Inc. and the 7.75% Notes, 6.625% Notes and 6.25% Notes are senior unsecured obligations of AAM Inc.; all of which are fully and unconditionally and joint and severally, guaranteed by Holdings and substantially all domestic subsidiaries of AAM, Inc.

These Condensed Consolidating Financial Statements are prepared under the equity method of accounting whereby the investments in subsidiaries are recorded at cost and adjusted for the parent’s share of the subsidiaries’ cumulative results of operations, capital contributions and distributions, and other equity changes.
 
Condensed Consolidating Statements of Income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Holdings
 
AAM Inc.
 
Guarantor Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries
 
Elims
 
Consolidated
2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
External
 
$

 
$
211.3

 
$
58.8

 
$
529.5

 
$

 
$
799.6

Intercompany
 

 
4.6

 
56.3

 
2.4

 
(63.3
)
 

Total net sales
 

 
215.9

 
115.1

 
531.9

 
(63.3
)
 
799.6

Cost of goods sold
 

 
197.7

 
98.9

 
444.1

 
(63.3
)
 
677.4

Gross profit
 

 
18.2

 
16.2

 
87.8

 

 
122.2

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 

 
52.3

 

 
8.2

 

 
60.5

Operating income (loss)
 

 
(34.1
)
 
16.2

 
79.6

 

 
61.7

Non-operating income (expense), net
 

 
(29.3
)
 
2.7

 
(3.9
)
 

 
(30.5
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
 

 
(63.4
)
 
18.9

 
75.7

 

 
31.2

Income tax expense (benefit)
 

 
(12.3
)
 

 
17.7

 

 
5.4

Earnings (loss) from equity in subsidiaries
 
25.8

 
24.5

 
(9.7
)
 

 
(40.6
)
 

Net income (loss) before royalties and dividends
 
25.8

 
(26.6
)
 
9.2

 
58.0

 
(40.6
)
 
25.8

Royalties and dividends
 

 
52.4

 

 
(52.4
)
 

 

Net income after royalties and dividends
 
25.8

 
25.8

 
9.2

 
5.6

 
(40.6
)
 
25.8

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to AAM
 
$
25.8

 
$
25.8

 
$
9.2

 
$
5.6

 
$
(40.6
)
 
$
25.8

Other comprehensive loss
 
(22.1
)
 
(22.1
)
 
(21.3
)
 
(24.4
)
 
67.8

 
(22.1
)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to AAM
 
$
3.7

 
$
3.7

 
$
(12.1
)
 
$
(18.8
)
 
$
27.2

 
$
3.7



15

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

 
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 
 
Holdings
 
AAM Inc.
 
Guarantor Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries
 
Elims
 
Consolidated
2012
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Net sales
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

External
 
$

 
$
182.1

 
$
54.8

 
$
502.9

 
$

 
$
739.8

Intercompany
 

 
3.8

 
59.4

 
6.4

 
(69.6
)
 

Total net sales
 

 
185.9

 
114.2

 
509.3

 
(69.6
)
 
739.8

Cost of goods sold
 

 
206.4

 
100.7

 
416.5

 
(69.6
)
 
654.0

Gross profit (loss)
 

 
(20.5
)
 
13.5

 
92.8

 

 
85.8

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 

 
46.5

 

 
9.0

 

 
55.5

Operating income (loss)
 

 
(67.0
)
 
13.5

 
83.8

 

 
30.3

Non-operating income (expense), net
 

 
(24.5
)
 
0.4

 
0.2

 

 
(23.9
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
 

 
(91.5
)
 
13.9

 
84.0

 

 
6.4

Income tax expense
 

 
1.2

 

 
0.5

 

 
1.7

Earnings (loss) from equity in subsidiaries
 
4.7

 
52.0

 
(12.7
)
 

 
(44.0
)
 

Net income (loss) before royalties and dividends
 
4.7

 
(40.7
)
 
1.2

 
83.5

 
(44.0
)
 
4.7

Royalties and dividends
 

 
45.4

 

 
(45.4
)
 

 

Net income after royalties and dividends
 
4.7

 
4.7

 
1.2

 
38.1

 
(44.0
)
 
4.7

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to AAM
 
$
4.7

 
$
4.7

 
$
1.2

 
$
38.1

 
$
(44.0
)
 
$
4.7

Other comprehensive loss
 
(23.2
)
 
(23.2
)
 
(21.4
)
 
(21.8
)
 
66.4

 
(23.2
)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to AAM
 
$
(18.5
)
 
$
(18.5
)
 
$
(20.2
)
 
$
16.3

 
$
22.4

 
$
(18.5
)

16

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

Condensed Consolidating Statements of Income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Holdings
 
AAM Inc.
 
Guarantor Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries
 
Elims
 
Consolidated
2013
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
External
 
$

 
$
411.6

 
$
112.7

 
$
1,030.9

 
$

 
$
1,555.2

Intercompany
 

 
8.0

 
113.9

 
7.3

 
(129.2
)
 

Total net sales
 

 
419.6

 
226.6

 
1,038.2

 
(129.2
)
 
1,555.2

Cost of goods sold
 

 
396.2

 
196.1

 
865.6

 
(129.2
)
 
1,328.7

Gross profit
 

 
23.4

 
30.5

 
172.6

 

 
226.5

Selling, general and administrative expenses
 

 
101.2

 

 
18.9

 

 
120.1

Operating income (loss)
 

 
(77.8
)
 
30.5

 
153.7

 

 
106.4

Non-operating income (expense), net
 

 
(70.8
)
 
5.4

 
(4.9
)
 

 
(70.3
)
Income (loss) before income taxes
 

 
(148.6
)
 
35.9

 
148.8

 

 
36.1

Income tax expense (benefit)
 

 
(13.9
)
 

 
16.9

 

 
3.0

Earnings (loss) from equity in subsidiaries
 
33.1

 
64.9

 
(12.9
)
 

 
(85.1
)
 

Net income (loss) before royalties and dividends
 
33.1

 
(69.8
)
 
23.0

 
131.9

 
(85.1
)
 
33.1

Royalties and dividends
 

 
102.9

 

 
(102.9
)
 

 

Net income after royalties and dividends
 
33.1

 
33.1

 
23.0

 
29.0

 
(85.1
)
 
33.1

Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interests
 

 

 

 

 

 

Net income attributable to AAM
 
$
33.1

 
$
33.1

 
$
23.0

 
$
29.0

 
$
(85.1
)
 
$
33.1

Other comprehensive loss
 
(17.8
)
 
(17.8
)
 
(13.6
)
 
(16.1
)
 
47.5

 
(17.8
)
Comprehensive income attributable to AAM
 
$
15.3

 
$
15.3

 
$
9.4

 
$
12.9

 
$
(37.6
)
 
$
15.3

 

17

AMERICAN AXLE & MANUFACTURING HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Holdings
 
AAM Inc.
 
Guarantor Subsidiaries
 
Non-Guarantor Subsidiaries
 
Elims
 
Consolidated
2012
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales