Form 10-Q
Table of Contents

 

 

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2011

 

 

Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc.

1166 Avenue of the Americas

New York, New York 10036

(212) 345-5000

 

 

Commission file number 1-5998

State of Incorporation: Delaware

I.R.S. Employer Identification No. 36-2668272

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting Company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting Company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

  Large Accelerated Filer  x    Accelerated Filer  ¨
  Non-Accelerated Filer  ¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller Reporting Company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell Company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  ¨    No  x

As of July 31, 2011, there were outstanding 541,662,006 shares of common stock, par value $1.00 per share, of the registrant.

 

 

 


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INFORMATION CONCERNING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking statements,” as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements, which express management’s current views concerning future events or results, use words like “anticipate,” “assume,” “believe,” “continue,” “estimate,” “expect,” “future,” “intend,” “plan,” “project” and similar terms, and future or conditional tense verbs like “could,” “may,” “might,” “should,” “will” and “would.” For example, we may use forward-looking statements when addressing topics such as: the outcome of contingencies; market and industry conditions; changes in our business strategies and methods of generating revenue; the development and performance of our services and products; changes in the composition or level of our revenues; our cost structure and the outcome of cost-saving or restructuring initiatives; dividend policy; the expected impact of acquisitions and dispositions; pension obligations; cash flow and liquidity; future actions by regulators; and the impact of changes in accounting rules.

Forward-looking statements are subject to inherent risks and uncertainties. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in our forward-looking statements include, among other things:

 

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our exposure to potential liabilities arising from errors and omissions claims against us, particularly in our Marsh and Mercer businesses;

 

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our ability to make strategic acquisitions and dispositions and to integrate, and realize expected synergies, savings or strategic benefits from the businesses we acquire;

 

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changes in the funded status of our global defined benefit pension plans and the impact of any increased pension funding resulting from those changes;

 

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the impact on our net income caused by fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates;

 

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the impact on our net income or cash flows and our effective tax rate in a particular period caused by settled tax audits and expired statutes of limitation;

 

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the extent to which we retain existing clients and attract new business, and our ability to incentivize and retain key employees;

 

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the impact of any regional, national or global political, economic, regulatory or market conditions on our results of operations and financial condition;

 

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our exposure to potential criminal sanctions or civil remedies if we fail to comply with foreign and U.S. laws and regulations that are applicable to our international operations, including import and export requirements, anti-corruption laws such as the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the UK Bribery Act 2010, local laws prohibiting corrupt payments to government officials, as well as various trade sanctions laws;

 

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the impact of competition, including with respect to pricing;

 

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the potential impact of rating agency actions on our cost of financing and ability to borrow, as well as on our operating costs and competitive position;

 

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our ability to successfully recover should we experience a disaster or other business continuity problem;

 

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changes in applicable tax or accounting requirements; and

 

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potential income statement effects from the application of FASB’s ASC Topic No. 740 (“Income Taxes”) regarding accounting treatment of uncertain tax benefits and valuation allowances and ASC Topic No. 350 (“Intangibles – Goodwill and Other”), including the effect of any subsequent adjustments to the estimates we use in applying these accounting standards.

The factors identified above are not exhaustive. Marsh & McLennan Companies and its subsidiaries operate in a dynamic business environment in which new risks may emerge frequently. Accordingly, we caution readers not to place undue reliance on the above forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the dates on which they are made. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances arising after the date on which it is made. Further information concerning Marsh & McLennan Companies and its businesses, including information about factors that could materially affect our results of operations and financial condition, is contained in the Company’s filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the “Risk Factors” section of our most recently filed Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION      4   

ITEM 1.

   FINANCIAL STATEMENTS      4   
   CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME      4   
   CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS      5   
   CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Continued)      6   
   CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS      7   
   CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME      8   
   NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS      9   

ITEM 2.

   MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS      33   

ITEM 3.

   QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK      46   

ITEM 4.

   CONTROLS & PROCEDURES      48   

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

     49   

ITEM 1.

   LEGAL PROCEEDINGS      49   

ITEM 1A.

   RISK FACTORS      49   

ITEM 2.

   UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS      49   

ITEM 3.

   DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES      50   

ITEM 4.

   OTHER INFORMATION      50   

ITEM 5.

   EXHIBITS      50   

 

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PART I.    FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements.

MARSH & McLENNAN COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

      Three Months Ended
June 30,
   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(In millions, except per share figures)    2011     2010     2011     2010  

Revenue

     $2,928        $2,606        $5,812        $5,241   

Expense:

        

Compensation and benefits

     1,728        1,614        3,449        3,189   

Other operating expenses

     735        1,042        1,426        1,677   

Operating expenses

     2,463        2,656        4,875        4,866   

Operating income (loss)

     465        (50     937        375   

Interest income

     5        3        12        7   

Interest expense

     (49     (60     (100     (120

Investment income (loss)

     (6     18        13        26   

Income (loss) before income taxes

     415        (89     862        288   

Income tax expense (credit)

     129        (60     257        43   

Income (loss) from continuing operations

     286        (29     605        245   

Discontinued operations, net of tax

     3        271        15        249   

Net income before non-controlling interests

     289        242        620        494   

Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

     7        6        13        10   

Net income attributable to the Company

     $   282        $    236        $    607        $   484   

Basic net income (loss) per share – Continuing operations

     $  0.51        $  (0.06     $   1.08        $  0.43   

  – Net income attributable to the Company

     $  0.51        $   0.43        $   1.10        $  0.89   

Diluted net income (loss) per share – Continuing operations

     $  0.50        $  (0.06     $   1.06        $  0.43   

    – Net income attributable to the Company

     $  0.50        $   0.43        $   1.09        $  0.88   

Weighted average number of shares outstanding – Basic

     547        541        545        537   

– Diluted

     555        545        554        541   

Shares outstanding at June 30,

     541        542        541        542   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated statements.

 

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MARSH & McLENNAN COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(Unaudited)

 

(In millions of dollars)   

June 30,

2011

   

December 31,

2010

 

ASSETS

    

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

     $  1,659        $  1,894   

Receivables

    

Commissions and fees

     2,895        2,544   

Advanced premiums and claims

     98        96   

Income tax receivable

     8        323   

Other

     233        186   
     3,234        3,149   

Less-allowance for doubtful accounts and cancellations

     (123     (114

Net receivables

     3,111        3,035   

Other current assets

     416        347   

Total current assets

     5,186        5,276   

Goodwill and intangible assets

     7,000        6,823   

Fixed assets
(net of accumulated depreciation and amortization of $1,366 at June 30, 2011 and $1,411 at December 31, 2010)

     823        822   

Pension related assets

     421        265   

Deferred tax assets

     1,107        1,205   

Other assets

     914        919   
       $15,451        $15,310   

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated statements.

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MARSH & McLENNAN COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Continued)

(Unaudited)

 

(In millions of dollars)   

June 30,

2011

   

December 31,

2010

 

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

    

Current liabilities:

    

Short-term debt

     $260        $8   

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     1,881        1,741   

Accrued compensation and employee benefits

     871        1,294   

Accrued income taxes

     110        62   

Dividends payable

     120          

Total current liabilities

     3,242        3,105   

Fiduciary liabilities

     4,177        3,824   

Less – cash and investments held in a fiduciary capacity

     (4,177     (3,824
    

Long-term debt

     2,773        3,026   

Pension, postretirement and postemployment benefits

     1,178        1,211   

Liabilities for errors and omissions

     451        430   

Other liabilities

     1,027        1,123   

Commitments and contingencies

                

Equity:

    

Preferred stock, $1 par value, authorized 6,000,000 shares, none issued

              

Common stock, $1 par value, authorized

    

1,600,000,000 shares, issued 560,641,640 shares at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010

     561        561   

Additional paid-in capital

     1,092        1,185   

Retained earnings

     7,688        7,436   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (2,078     (2,300

Non-controlling interests

     53        47   
     7,316        6,929   

Less – treasury shares, at cost, 19,407,454 shares at June 30, 2011 and 20,132,120 shares at December 31, 2010

     (536     (514

Total equity

     6,780        6,415   
       $15,451        $15,310   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated statements.

 

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MARSH & McLENNAN COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(Unaudited)

 

For the Six Months Ended June 30,

(In millions of dollars)

   2011     2010  

Operating cash flows:

    

Net income before non-controlling interests

     $   620        $   494   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to cash used for operations:

    

Depreciation and amortization of fixed assets and capitalized software

     133        154   

Amortization of intangible assets

     32        36   

Provision for deferred income taxes

     73        22   

Gain on investments

     (13     (25

Loss on disposition of assets

     1        30   

Stock option expense

     12        11   

Changes in assets and liabilities:

    

Net receivables

     (70     (425

Other current assets

     (75     (7

Other assets

     (145     (93

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     148        463   

Accrued compensation and employee benefits

     (422     (480

Accrued income taxes

     43        (38

Other liabilities

     64        44   

Effect of exchange rate changes

     (71     86   

Net cash provided by operations

     330        272   

Financing cash flows:

    

Purchase of treasury shares

     (235       

Repayments of debt

     (6     (4

Purchase of non-controlling interests

     (21     (15

Shares withheld for taxes on vested units – treasury shares

     (86     (43

Issuance of common stock

     112        18   

Dividends paid

     (235     (221

Net cash used for financing activities

     (471     (265

Investing cash flows:

    

Capital expenditures

     (142     (143

Net sales of long-term investments

     33        57   

Proceeds from sales of fixed assets

     1        8   

Dispositions

     1        119   

Acquisitions

     (113     (198

Other, net

     (1     4   

Net cash used for investing activities

     (221     (153

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     127        (121

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents

     (235     (267

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     1,894        1,777   

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

     1,659        1,510   

Cash and cash equivalents – reported as discontinued operations

            35   

Cash and cash equivalents – continuing operations

     $1,659        $1,475   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated statements.

 

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MARSH & McLENNAN COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EQUITY AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

(Unaudited)

 

For the Six Months Ended June 30,

(In millions, except per share figures)

   2011     2010  

COMMON STOCK

    

Balance, beginning and end of year

     $      561        $    561   

ADDITIONAL PAID-IN CAPITAL

    

Balance, beginning of year

     $   1,185        $ 1,211   

Change in accrued stock compensation costs

     (85     (33

Issuance of shares under stock compensation plans and employee stock purchase plans and related tax impact

     (6     (14

Purchase of subsidiary shares from non-controlling interests

     (2       

Issuance of shares for acquisitions

            (15

Balance, end of period

     $   1,092        $  1,149   

RETAINED EARNINGS

    

Balance, beginning of year

     $   7,436        $  7,033   

Net income attributable to the Company (a)

     607        484   

Dividend equivalents paid

     (7     (8

Dividends declared – (per share amounts: $0.64 in 2011 and $0.60 in 2010)

     (348     (322

Balance, end of period

     $   7,688        $  7,187   

ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

    

Balance, beginning of year

     $(2,300     $(2,171

Foreign currency translation adjustments (b)

     235        (360

Unrealized investment holding losses, net of reclassification adjustments (c)

     (4     (10

Net changes under benefit plans, net of tax (d)

     (9     135   

Balance, end of period

     $(2,078     $(2,406

TREASURY SHARES

    

Balance, beginning of year

     $   (514     $   (806

Issuance of shares under stock compensation plans and employee stock purchase plans

     213        123   

Issuance of shares for acquisitions

            192   

Purchase of treasury shares

     (235       

Balance, end of period

     $   (536     $   (491

NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS

    

Balance, beginning of year

     $       47        $       35   

Net income attributable to non-controlling interests, net of discontinued operations (e)

     13        10   

Other changes

     (7     (2

Balance, end of period

     $       53        $       43   

TOTAL EQUITY

     $  6,780        $  6,043   

TOTAL COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (a+b+c+d+e)

     $     842        $     259   

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated statements.

 

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MARSH & McLENNAN COMPANIES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

1.     Nature of Operations

Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc. (“the Company”), a global professional services firm, is organized based on the different services that it offers. Under this organizational structure, the Company’s two business segments are Risk and Insurance Services and Consulting.

As discussed below, on August 3, 2010, the Company completed the sale of Kroll, the Company’s former Risk Consulting & Technology segment, to Altegrity, Inc. (“Altegrity”).

The Risk and Insurance Services segment provides risk management and insurance broking, reinsurance broking and insurance program management services for businesses, public entities, insurance companies, associations, professional services organizations, and private clients. The Company conducts business in this segment through Marsh and Guy Carpenter.

In January 2011, Marsh acquired RJF Agencies, an independent insurance agency in the upper Midwest region of the U.S. In February 2011, Marsh acquired Hampton Roads Bonding, a surety bonding agency for commercial, road, utility, maritime and government contractors in the state of Virginia, and the Boston office of Kinloch Consulting Group, Inc.

In the first quarter of 2010, Marsh acquired Haake Companies, Inc., an insurance broking firm in the Midwest region and Thomas Rutherfoord, Inc., an insurance broking firm in the Southeast and mid-Atlantic regions of the U.S. In the second quarter of 2010, Marsh acquired HSBC Insurance Brokers Ltd., an international provider of risk intermediary and risk advisory services and the Bostonian Group Insurance Agency, Inc. and Bostonian Solutions, Inc. (collectively the “Bostonian Group”), a regional insurance brokerage in New England. In the fourth quarter of 2010 Marsh acquired Trion, a U.S. private benefits specialist and SBS, a Georgia-based benefits brokerage and consulting firm.

The Consulting segment provides advice and services to the managements of organizations in the area of human resource consulting, comprising retirement and investments, health and benefits, outsourcing and talent; and strategy and risk management consulting, comprising management, economic and brand consulting. The Company conducts business in this segment through Mercer and Oliver Wyman Group. In the first quarter of 2011, Mercer acquired Hammond Associates, an investment consulting company for endowments and foundations in the U.S. In June 2011, Mercer acquired Evaluation Associates LLC, an investment consulting firm. In July 2010, Mercer acquired Innovative Process Administration (“IPA”), a provider of health and benefit recordkeeping and employee enrollment technology. In August 2010, Mercer acquired ORC Worldwide, a premier provider of HR knowledge, data and solutions for professionals in numerous industries.

In the first quarter of 2010, Kroll completed the sale of Kroll Laboratory Specialists (“KLS”). On August 3, 2010, the Company completed the sale of Kroll to Altegrity for cash consideration of $1.13 billion. The after-tax loss on the sale of KLS, along with Kroll’s, and KLS’s 2010 comparative results of operations are included in discontinued operations in 2010.

With the sale of Kroll in August 2010, along with previous divestiture transactions between 2008 and 2010, the Company has divested its entire Risk Consulting & Technology segment. The run-off of the Company’s involvement in the Corporate Advisory and Restructuring business (“CARG”), previously part of Risk Consulting & Technology, in which the Company

 

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has “continuing involvement” as defined in SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 5e, is now managed by the Company’s corporate departments. Consequently, the financial results of the CARG businesses are included in “Corporate” for segment reporting purposes.

2.     Principles of Consolidation and Other Matters

The consolidated financial statements included herein have been prepared by the Company pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, have been omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations for interim filings, although the Company believes that the information and disclosures presented are adequate to make such information and disclosure not misleading. These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010 (the “2010 10-K”).

The financial information contained herein reflects all adjustments consisting only of normal recurring adjustments which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s results of operations for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010.

Investment Income (Loss)

The caption “investment income (loss)” in the consolidated statements of income comprises realized and unrealized gains and losses from investments recognized in current earnings. It includes, when applicable, other than temporary declines in the value of available for sale securities and the change in value of the Company’s holdings in certain private equity funds. The Company’s investments may include direct investments in insurance or consulting companies and investments in private equity funds. This line includes equity method gains/(losses) of $(4) million and $18 million for the three months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively, and $14 million and $17 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

The Company has an investment in Trident II limited partnership, a private equity investment fund. At June 30, 2011, the Company’s investment in Trident II was approximately $117 million, reflected in other assets in the consolidated balance sheet. The Company’s maximum exposure to loss is equal to its investment plus any calls on its remaining capital commitment of $67 million. Since this fund is closed to new investments, none of the remaining capital commitment is expected to be called.

Income Taxes

The Company’s effective tax rate in the second quarter of 2011 was 31.1%. The 29.8% effective tax rate for the first six months of 2011 includes a benefit recorded in the first quarter from the effective settlement of the IRS audit for the years 2006 through 2008. Excluding this benefit, the effective tax rate for the first six months of 2011 was 31.4%.

The Company reported a net income tax benefit of $60 million in continuing operations in the second quarter of 2010 on a pretax loss of $89 million, an effective tax rate of 67.4%. The high tax benefit rate primarily reflects the combination of the tax benefit related to the Alaska settlement, determined at U.S. tax rates, with other pretax income that is subject to lower average effective tax rates applicable worldwide. Excluding the impact of the Alaska settlement, the effective tax rate for the quarter was 32.3%. The 14.9% effective tax rate for

 

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the first six months of 2010 also primarily reflects the tax benefit associated with the Alaska settlement as discussed below. Excluding the effect of the settlement, the effective tax rate for the first six months was 29.5%.

The Company is routinely examined by tax authorities in the jurisdictions in which it has significant operations. The Company regularly considers the likelihood of assessments in each of the taxing jurisdictions resulting from examinations. When appropriate, the Company establishes liabilities for uncertain tax positions in relation to the potential assessments, including the possible assessment of penalties. When establishing this liability, the Company considers a number of relevant factors under penalty statutes, including appropriate disclosure of the tax return position, the existence of legal authority supporting the Company’s position, and reliance on the opinion of professional tax advisors.

The Company reports a liability for unrecognized tax benefits resulting from uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken in the tax return. The Company’s gross unrecognized tax benefits decreased from $199 million at December 31, 2010 to $152 million at June 30, 2011, primarily reflecting the effective settlement of issues on audit. It is reasonably possible that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits will decrease between zero and approximately $20 million within the next twelve months due to settlement of audits and expiration of statutes of limitation.

Other Matters Impacting Results in Prior Periods

In June 2010, the Company settled a lawsuit brought by the Alaska Retirement Management Board (“ARMB”) against Mercer. Under the terms of the settlement agreement, Mercer paid $500 million, of which $100 million was covered by insurance, and recognized a charge of $400 million in the second quarter of 2010.

3.     Fiduciary Assets and Liabilities

In its capacity as an insurance broker or agent, the Company collects premiums from insureds and, after deducting its commissions, remits the premiums to the respective insurance underwriters. The Company also collects claims or refunds from underwriters on behalf of insureds. Unremitted insurance premiums and claims proceeds are held by the Company in a fiduciary capacity. Risk and Insurance Services revenue includes interest on fiduciary funds of $22 million for each of the six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010. The Consulting segment recorded fiduciary interest income of $2 million in each of the six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010. Since fiduciary assets are not available for corporate use, they are shown in the consolidated balance sheets as an offset to fiduciary liabilities.

Fiduciary assets include approximately $179 million and $283 million of fixed income securities classified as available for sale at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively. Unrealized gains or losses from available for sale securities are recorded in other comprehensive income until the securities are disposed of, mature or recognized as an other than temporary impairment. Unrealized gains, net of tax, were $2 million and $5 million at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively.

Net uncollected premiums and claims and the related payables amounted to $10.1 billion at June 30, 2011 and $9.1 billion at December 31, 2010. The Company is not a principal to the contracts under which the right to receive premiums or the right to receive reimbursement of insured losses arises. Net uncollected premiums and claims and the related payables are, therefore, not assets and liabilities of the Company and are not included in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

In certain instances, the Company advances premiums, refunds or claims to insurance

 

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underwriters or insureds prior to collection. These advances are made from corporate funds and are reflected in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets as receivables.

4.    Per Share Data

Under the accounting guidance which applies to the calculation of earnings per share (“EPS”) for share-based payment awards with rights to dividends or dividend equivalents, unvested share-based payment awards that contain nonforfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents (whether paid or unpaid) are participating securities and should be included in the computation of basic and dilutive EPS using the two-class method.

Basic net income per share attributable to the Company and income from continuing operations per share are calculated by dividing the respective after-tax income attributable to common shares by the weighted average number of outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock.

Diluted net income per share attributable to the Company and income from continuing operations per share are calculated by dividing the respective after-tax income attributable to common shares by the weighted average number of outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock, which have been adjusted for the dilutive effect of potentially issuable common shares (excluding those that are considered participating securities). The diluted earnings per share calculation reflects the more dilutive effect of either (a) the two-class method that assumes that the participating securities have not been exercised or (b) the treasury stock method. Reconciliation of the applicable income components used for diluted earnings per share and basic weighted average common shares outstanding to diluted weighted average common shares outstanding is presented below.

 

Basic EPS Calculation

Continuing Operations

  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(In millions, except per share figures)    2011      2010     2011      2010  

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

     $   286       $ (29     $   605         $   245   

Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

     7         6        13         10   

Net income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to the Company

     279         (35     592         235   

Less: Portion attributable to participating securities

     1         (1     4         4   

Net income (loss) attributable to common shares for basic earnings per share

     $   278       $ (34     $   588         $   231   

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

     547         541        545         537   

 

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Basic EPS Calculation

Net Income

  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(In millions, except per share figures)    2011      2010      2011      2010  

Net income attributable to the Company

     $   282         $   236         $   607         $   484   

Less: Portion attributable to participating securities

     2         3         4         8   

Net income attributable to common shares for basic earnings per share

     $   280         $   233         $   603         $   476   

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

     547         541         545         537   
           

Diluted EPS Calculation

Continuing Operations

  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(In millions, except per share figures)    2011      2010      2011      2010  

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

     $   286         $  (29)         $   605         $   245   

Less: Net income attributable to non-controlling interests

     7                 13         10   

Net income (loss) from continuing operations attributable to the Company

     279         (35)         592         235   

Less: Portion attributable to participating securities

     1                 4         4   

Net income (loss) attributable to common shares for diluted earnings per share

     $   278         $  (35)         $   588         $   231   

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

     547         541          545         537   

Dilutive effect of potentially issuable common shares

     8         —          9         4   

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

     555         541          554         541   

Average stock price used to calculate common stock equivalents

     $ 30.03         $ 23.16          $ 29.47         $ 23.00   
           

Diluted EPS Calculation

Net Income

  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(In millions, except per share figures)    2011      2010      2011      2010  

Net income attributable to the Company

     $   282         $   236         $   607         $   484   

Less: Portion attributable to participating securities

     2         3         4         8   

Net income attributable to common shares for diluted earnings per share

     $   280         $   233         $   603         $   476   

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

     547         541         545         537   

Dilutive effect of potentially issuable common shares

     8         4         9         4   

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

     555         545         554         541   

Average stock price used to calculate common stock equivalents

     $ 30.03         $ 23.16         $ 29.47         $ 23.00   

There were 41.4 million and 45.6 million stock options outstanding as of June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

5.    Supplemental Disclosures to the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

The following schedule provides additional information concerning acquisitions, interest and income taxes paid for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010.

 

(In millions of dollars)    2011     2010  

Assets acquired, excluding cash

   $  128      $  532   

Liabilities assumed

     (17     (115

Shares issued (7.4 million shares in 2010)

            (178

Contingent/deferred purchase consideration

     (13     (55

Net cash outflow for current year acquisitions

     98        184   

Deferred purchase consideration from prior year acquisitions

     15        14   

Net cash outflow for acquisitions

   $  113      $  198   

 

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(In millions of dollars)    2011     2010  

Interest paid

   $  100      $  113   

Income taxes (refunded)/paid

   $ (112   $    34   

The Company had non-cash issuances of common stock under its share-based payment plan of $181 million and $132 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively. The Company recorded stock-based compensation expense related to equity awards of $83 million and $90 million for the six month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

The consolidated statement of cash flows for the period ended June 30, 2010 includes the cash flow impact of discontinued operations in each cash flow category. The cash flow impact of discontinued operations from the operating, financing and investing cash flow categories in 2010 is as follows:

 

For the Year Ended June 30,

(In millions of dollars)

   2010  

Net cash used for operations

   $ (18

Net cash used for investing activities

   $ (13

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

   $ (4

The information above excludes the cash flow impacts of actual disposal transactions related to discontinued operations because the Company believes these transactions to be cash flows attributable to the parent company, arising from its decision to dispose of the discontinued operation. In the first six months of 2010, the Company’s cash flow reflects cash provided by investing activities of $110 million related to the disposition of KLS.

6.    Comprehensive Income (Loss)

The components of comprehensive income (loss) for the six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 are as follows:

 

(In millions of dollars)    2011     2010  

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of income tax expense (credit) ($2 for 2011 and $(8) for 2010, respectively)

   $ 235      $ (360

Unrealized investment holding losses, net of income tax credit ($1 for 2011 and $3 for 2010, respectively)

     (4     (10

(Losses) gains related to pension/retiree plans, net of income tax expense ($3 for 2011 and $51 for 2010, respectively)

     (9     135   

Other comprehensive income (loss)

     222        (235

Net income before non-controlling interests

     620        494   

Comprehensive income before non-controlling interests

     842        259   

Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interests

     (13     (10

Comprehensive income attributable to the Company

   $ 829      $ 249   

 

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7.     Acquisitions

During the first six months of 2011 the Company made three acquisitions in its Risk and Insurance Services segment and two in its Consulting segment. In January 2011, Marsh acquired RJF Agencies, Inc., an independent insurance broking firm in the Midwest. In February 2011, Marsh acquired Hampton Roads Bonding, a surety bonding agency for commercial, road, utility, maritime and government contractors in the state of Virginia, and the Boston office of Kinloch Consulting Group, Inc. These acquisitions were made to expand Marsh’s share in the middle-market through Marsh & McLennan Agency.

In January 2011, Mercer acquired Hammond Associates, an investment consulting company for endowments and foundations in the U.S. In June 2011, Mercer acquired Evaluation Associates LLC, an investment consulting firm.

Total purchase consideration for the 2011 acquisitions was $114 million which consisted of cash paid of $101 million, and estimated contingent consideration of $13 million. Contingent consideration arrangements are primarily based on EBITDA and revenue targets over two to four years. The fair value of the contingent consideration was based on projected revenue and earnings of the acquired entities. Estimated fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed are subject to adjustment when purchase accounting is finalized. The Company also paid $15 million of deferred purchase consideration related to acquisitions made in prior years.

In the second quarter of 2011, Marsh acquired the remaining minority interest of a previously majority owned entity for total purchase consideration of $8 million and accounted for this acquisition under the guidance for consolidations and non-controlling interests. This guidance requires that changes in a parent’s ownership interest while retaining financial controlling interest in a subsidiary be accounted for as an equity transaction. Stepping up the acquired assets to fair value or the recording of goodwill is not permitted. Therefore, the Company recorded a decrease to additional paid-in capital in 2011 of $2 million related to this transaction.

In the first quarter of 2011, the Company paid deferred purchase consideration of $13 million related to the purchase in 2009 of the minority interest of a previously controlled entity.

The following table presents the preliminary allocation of the acquisition cost to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed, based on their fair values (amounts in millions):

 

Cash

   $ 101   

Contingent consideration

     13   

Total Consideration

   $ 114   

Allocation of purchase price:

  

Cash and cash equivalents

   $    3   

Accounts receivable, net

     5   

Property, plant, and equipment

     2   

Intangible assets

     45   

Goodwill

     76   

Total assets acquired

     131   

Current liabilities

     11   

Other liabilities

     6   

Total liabilities assumed

     17   

Net assets acquired

   $ 114   

Prior Year Acquisitions

During the first six months of 2010, the Company made four acquisitions in its Risk and

 

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Insurance Services segment, two of which were made in the second quarter of 2010.

During the first quarter of 2010, the Company made two acquisitions in its Risk and Insurance Services segment. In February 2010, Marsh acquired Haake Companies, Inc., an independent insurance broking firm in the Midwest. In March 2010, Marsh acquired Thomas Rutherfoord, Inc., an insurance broking firm in the Southeast and mid-Atlantic regions in the U.S. These acquisitions were made to expand Marsh’s share in the middle-market through Marsh & McLennan Agency.

On April 1, 2010, Marsh completed the acquisition of HSBC Insurance Brokers Ltd. This transaction deepens Marsh’s presence in the U.K., Hong Kong, Singapore, China and the Middle East. As part of the acquisition agreement, Marsh also entered into a strategic partnership with HSBC Bank that gives the Company preferred access to provide insurance broking and risk management services to HSBC and their corporate and private clients. On April 30, 2010, Marsh & McLennan Agency acquired the Bostonian Group, one of the largest regional insurance brokerages in New England. This transaction increases Marsh’s middle market presence. During the first quarter of 2010, Marsh acquired Haake Companies, Inc., one of the largest independent insurance broking firms in the Midwest, and Thomas Rutherfoord, Inc., one of the largest insurance broking firms in the Southeast and mid-Atlantic regions in the U.S. These acquisitions were made to expand Marsh’s share in the middle-market through Marsh & McLennan Agency.

Total purchase consideration for the four acquisitions made during the first six months of 2010 was $472 million which consisted of cash paid of $239 million, the issuance of 7.4 million shares with a fair value of $178 million, and estimated contingent consideration of $55 million. Contingent consideration arrangements are primarily based on EBITDA and revenue targets over two to four years. The fair value of the contingent consideration was based on earnings projections of the acquired entities. Estimated fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed are subject to adjustment when purchase accounting is finalized.

In 2010, the Company also paid $14 million of deferred purchase consideration and $2 million of contingent purchase consideration related to acquisitions made in prior years.

In the first quarter of 2010, the Company paid deferred purchase consideration of $15 million related to the purchase in 2009 of the minority interest of a previously controlled entity.

Pro-Forma Information

While the company does not believe its acquisitions are material in the aggregate, the following unaudited pro-forma financial data gives effect to the acquisitions made by the Company during 2011 and 2010. In accordance with accounting guidance related to pro-forma disclosures, the information presented for current year acquisitions is as if they occurred on January 1, 2010. The pro-forma information adjusts for the effects of amortization of acquired intangibles. The unaudited pro-forma financial data is presented for illustrative purposes only and is not necessarily indicative of the operating results that would have been achieved if such acquisitions had occurred on the dates indicated, nor is it necessarily indicative of future consolidated results.

 

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Three Months Ended

June 30,

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(In millions, except per share data)    2011      2010     2011      2010  

Revenue

   $ 2,930       $ 2,655      $ 5,818       $ 5,413   

Income (loss) from continuing operations

   $    287       $ (27   $    606       $    252   

Net income attributable to the Company

   $    282       $    239      $    607       $    491   

Basic net income (loss) per share:

                                  

– Continuing operations

   $   0.51       $ (0.06   $   1.08       $   0.44   

– Net income attributable to the Company

   $   0.51       $   0.43      $   1.11       $   0.89   

Diluted net income (loss) per share:

          

– Continuing operations

   $   0.50       $ (0.06   $   1.06       $   0.44   

– Net income attributable to the Company

   $   0.51       $   0.43      $   1.09       $   0.89   

The Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 includes approximately $17 million of revenue and $3 million of net operating income and approximately $34 million of revenue and $6 million of net operating income, respectively, related to acquisitions made during 2011.

8.     Dispositions

In the first quarter of 2010, Kroll completed the sale of KLS and on August 3, 2010, the Company completed the sale of Kroll to Altegrity.

Kroll’s results of operations are reported as discontinued operations in the Company’s consolidated statements of income. The three and six months ended June 30, 2010 also includes the loss on the sale of KLS, which includes the tax provision of $36 million on the sale. Discontinued operations for the six months ended June 30, 2011 primarily relates to an insurance recovery for legal fees incurred at Putnam prior to its sale and a tax recovery under the indemnity related to the Putnam sale.

The Company’s tax basis in its investment in the stock of Kroll at the time of sale exceeded the recorded amount primarily as a result of prior impairments of goodwill recognized for financial reporting, but not tax. Prior to the second quarter of 2010, a tax benefit was not recorded for this temporary difference because it was not apparent in the foreseeable future that it would reverse in a transaction that would result in a tax benefit. Since Kroll met the criteria for classification as a discontinued operation in the second quarter of 2010, the Company determined that it had the ability to carry back the capital loss realized against prior realized capital gains. Therefore, a $265 million deferred tax benefit was recorded in discontinued operations in the second quarter of 2010 to establish a deferred tax asset.

 

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Summarized Statements of Income data for discontinued operations is as follows:

 

     

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(In millions of dollars)    2011      2010     2011     2010  

Kroll Operations

         

Revenue

   $       $ 163      $      $ 325   

Expense

             146               293   

Net operating income

             17               32   

Income Tax

                           15   

Income from Kroll operations, net of tax

             17               17   

Other discontinued operations, net of tax

                             

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

             17               17   

Disposals of discontinued operations

     8         (8     8        7   

Income tax (credit) expense

     5         (262     (7     (225

Disposals of discontinued operations, net of tax

     3         254        15        232   

Discontinued operations net of tax

   $ 3       $ 271      $ 15      $ 249   

Discontinued operations, net of tax per share

         

– Basic

   $ 0.00       $ 0.49      $ 0.02      $ 0.46   

– Diluted

   $ 0.00       $ 0.49      $ 0.03      $ 0.45   

9.    Goodwill and Other Intangibles

The Company is required to assess goodwill and any indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment annually, or more frequently if circumstances indicate impairment may have occurred. The Company performs the annual impairment test for each of its reporting units during the third quarter of each year. Fair values of the reporting units are estimated using a market approach or a discounted cash flow model. Carrying values for the reporting units are based on balances at the prior quarter end and include directly identified assets and liabilities as well as an allocation of those assets and liabilities not recorded at the reporting unit level.

Other intangible assets that are not deemed to have an indefinite life are amortized over their estimated lives and reviewed for impairment upon the occurrence of certain triggering events in accordance with applicable accounting literature.

Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill are as follows:

 

(In millions of dollars)    2011      2010  

Balance as of January 1, as reported (a)

   $ 6,420       $ 5,990   

Goodwill acquired

     76         288   

Other adjustments (b)

     99         (121

Balance at June 30

   $ 6,595       $ 6,157   

 

(a)

Amounts in 2010 excluded goodwill and accumulated impairment losses related to Kroll, which were reclassified to discontinued operations.

 

(b) 

Primarily foreign exchange.

Goodwill allocable to the Company’s reportable segments is as follows: Risk & Insurance Services, $4.5 billion and Consulting, $2.1 billion.

Amortized intangible assets consist of the cost of client lists, client relationships and trade names acquired. The gross cost and accumulated amortization is as follows:

 

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      June 30, 2011      December 31, 2010  
(In millions of dollars)   

Gross

Cost

    

Accumulated

Amortization

    

Net

Carrying

Amount

    

Gross

Cost

    

Accumulated

Amortization

    

Net

Carrying

Amount

 

Amortized intangibles

   $ 641       $ 236       $ 405       $ 615       $ 212       $ 403   

Aggregate amortization expense for the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 was $32 million and $22 million, respectively, and the estimated future aggregate amortization expense is as follows:

 

For the Years Ending December 31,

(In millions of dollars)

   Estimated Expense  

2011 (excludes amortization through June 30, 2011)

     $  32   

2012

     62   

2013

     56   

2014

     52   

2015

     45   

Subsequent years

     158   
       $405   

10.     Fair Value Measurements

Fair Value Hierarchy

The Company has categorized its assets and liabilities that are valued at fair value on a recurring basis into a three-level fair value hierarchy as defined by the FASB in ASC Topic No. 820 (“Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures”). The fair value hierarchy gives the highest priority to quoted prices in active markets for identical assets and liabilities (Level 1) and lowest priority to unobservable inputs (Level 3). In some cases, the inputs used to measure fair value might fall into different levels of the fair value hierarchy. In such cases, the level in the fair value hierarchy, for disclosure purposes, is determined based on the lowest level input that is significant to the fair value measurement.

Assets and liabilities recorded in the consolidated balance sheets at fair value are categorized based on the inputs in the valuation techniques as follows:

 

Level 1. Assets and liabilities whose values are based on unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in an active market (examples include active exchange-traded equity securities, most U.S. Government and agency securities, money market mutual funds and certain other sovereign government obligations).

Assets and liabilities utilizing Level 1 inputs include exchange traded equity securities and mutual funds.

 

Level 2. Assets and liabilities whose values are based on the following:

 

  a) Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets;

 

  b) Quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in non-active markets (examples include corporate and municipal bonds, which trade infrequently);

 

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  c) Pricing models whose inputs are observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability (examples include most over-the-counter derivatives, including interest rate and currency swaps); and

 

  d) Pricing models whose inputs are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data through correlation or other means for substantially the full asset or liability (for example, certain mortgage loans).

Assets and liabilities utilizing Level 2 inputs include corporate and mutual funds and senior notes.

 

Level 3. Assets and liabilities whose values are based on prices, or valuation techniques that require inputs that are both unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement. These inputs reflect management’s own assumptions about the assumptions a market participant would use in pricing the asset or liability (examples include private equity investments, certain commercial mortgage whole loans, and long-dated or complex derivatives including certain foreign exchange options and long-dated options on gas and power).

Valuation Techniques

Equity Securities & Mutual Funds

Investments for which market quotations are readily available are valued at the sale price on their principal exchange, or official closing bid price for certain markets. If no sales are reported, the security is valued at its last reported bid price.

Other Sovereign Government Obligations, Municipal Bonds and Corporate Bonds

The investments listed in the caption above are valued on the basis of valuations furnished by an independent pricing service approved by the trustees or dealers. Such services or dealers determine valuations for normal institutional-size trading units of such securities using methods based on market transactions for comparable securities and various relationships, generally recognized by institutional traders, between securities.

Interest Rate Swap Derivative

The fair value of interest rate swap derivatives is based on the present value of future cash flows at each valuation date resulting from utilization of the swaps, using a constant discount rate of 1.6% compared to discount rates based on projected future yield curves. (See Note 12)

Senior Notes due 2014

The fair value of the first $250 million of Senior Notes maturing in 2014 is estimated to be the carrying value of those notes adjusted by the fair value of the interest rate swap derivative, discussed above. In the first quarter of 2011, the Company entered into two interest rate swaps to convert interest on a portion of its Senior Notes from a fixed rate to a floating rate. The swaps are designated as fair value hedging instruments. The change in the fair value of the swaps will be recorded on the balance sheet. The carrying value of the debt related to these swaps will be adjusted by an equal amount. (See Note 12)

Contingent Consideration Liability

Purchase consideration for some acquisitions made by the Company includes contingent consideration arrangements. Contingent consideration arrangements are primarily based on meeting EBITDA and revenue targets over two to four years. The fair value of contingent consideration is estimated as the present value of future cash flows that would result from the projected revenue and earnings of the acquired entities.

 

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The following fair value hierarchy table presents information about the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.

 

(In millions of dollars)   Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   

Observable Inputs

(Level 2)

   

Unobservable
Inputs

(Level 3)

    Total  
     6/30/11     12/31/10     6/30/11     12/31/10     6/30/11     12/31/10     6/30/11     12/31/10  

Assets:

               

Financial instruments owned:

               

Exchange traded equity securities (a)

    $ —        $   1        $  —        $  —        $  —        $  —        $  —        $    1   

Mutual funds (a)

    140        137                                    140        137   

Medium term bond funds and fixed income securities (a)

                                                       

Money market funds (b)

    226        8                                    226        8   

Interest rate swap derivatives (a)

                  5                             5          

Total assets measured at fair value

    $366        $146        $    5        $   —        $  —        $  —        $371        $146   

Fiduciary Assets:

               

State and local obligations (including non-U.S. locales)

    $ —        $  —        $  35        $  68        $   —        $  —        $  35        $  68   

Other sovereign government obligations and supranational agencies

                  140        185                      140        185   

Corporate and other debt

                  4        30                      4        30   

Money market funds

    175        152                                    175        152   

Total fiduciary assets measured at fair value

    $175        $152        $179        $283        $   —        $  —        $354        $435   

Liabilities:

               

Contingent consideration liability (c)

    $  —        $  —        $  —        $  —        $111        $106        $111        $106   

Senior Notes due 2014 (d)

    $  —        $  —        $255        $  —        $  —        $  —        $255        $  —   

Total liabilities measured at fair value

    $  —        $  —        $255        $  —        $111        $106        $366        $106   

 

(a)

Included in other assets in the consolidated balance sheets.

 

(b)

Included in cash and cash equivalents in the consolidated balance sheets.

 

(c)

Included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities and in other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheets.

 

(d)

Included in long term debt in the consolidated balance sheets.

During the six month period ended June 30, 2011, there were no assets that transferred between Level 1 and Level 2.

The table below sets forth a summary of the changes in fair value of the Company’s Level 3 liabilities for the quarter ended June 30, 2011 that represents contingent consideration related to acquisitions:

 

     

Fair Value,

Beginning of
Period

     Additions      Payments    

Revaluation

Impact

   

Fair Value,

End of Period

 

Contingent consideration

     $106         $15         $ (6)      $ (4)      $111   

The fair value of the contingent liability is based on earnings projections of revenue and earnings for the acquired entities that are reassessed on a quarterly basis.

11.    Retirement Benefits

 

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The Company maintains qualified and non-qualified defined benefit pension plans for its U.S. and non-U.S. eligible employees. The Company’s policy for funding its tax qualified defined benefit retirement plans is to contribute amounts at least sufficient to meet the funding requirements set forth by U.S. law and the laws of the non-U.S. jurisdictions in which the Company offers defined benefit plans.

The target asset allocation for the U.S. Plan is 58% equities and 42% fixed income. At the end of the second quarter of 2011, the actual allocation for the U.S. Plan was 62% equities and 38% fixed income. The target asset allocation for the U.K. Plan, which comprises approximately 82% of non-U.S. Plan assets, is 58% equities and 42% fixed income. At the end of the second quarter of 2011, the actual allocation for the U.K. Plan was 55% equities and 45% fixed income.

The components of the net periodic benefit cost for defined benefit and other postretirement plans are as follows:

 

Combined U.S. and significant non-U.S. Plans

For the Three Months Ended June 30,

   Pension
Benefits
    Postretirement
Benefits
 
(In millions of dollars)    2011     2010     2011     2010  

Service cost

     $   58        $   48        $   1        $   2   

Interest cost

     153        141        4        4   

Expected return on plan assets

     (224     (200              

Amortization of prior service credit

     (4     (5     (4     (4

Recognized actuarial loss

     53        37                 

Net periodic benefit cost

     $   36        $   21        $   1        $   2   
        

Combined U.S. and significant non-U.S. Plans

For the Six Months Ended June 30,

   Pension
Benefits
    Postretirement
Benefits
 
(In millions of dollars)    2011     2010     2011     2010  

Service cost

     $114        $   98        $   3        $   3   

Interest cost

     305        286        7        7   

Expected return on plan assets

     (445     (404              

Amortization of prior service credit

     (9     (10     (7     (7

Recognized actuarial loss

     108        72                 

Net periodic benefit cost

     $   73        $   42        $   3        $   3   
        

U.S. Plans only

For the Three Months Ended June 30,

   Pension
Benefits
    Postretirement
Benefits
 
(In millions of dollars)    2011     2010     2011     2010  

Service cost

     $   21        $   19        $   1        $   1   

Interest cost

     57        57        3        3   

Expected return on plan assets

     (78     (74              

Amortization of prior service credit

     (4     (5     (4     (4

Recognized actuarial loss

     24        19                 

Net periodic benefit cost

     $   20        $   16        $ —        $ —   

 

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U.S. Plans only

For the Six Months Ended June 30,

   Pension
Benefits
    Postretirement
Benefits
 
(In millions of dollars)    2011     2010     2011     2010  

Service cost

     $   42        $   38        $     2        $     2   

Interest cost

     115        113        5        5   

Expected return on plan assets

     (157     (147              

Amortization of prior service credit

     (8     (9     (7     (7

Recognized actuarial loss

     50        36                 

Net periodic benefit cost

     $   42        $   31        $   —        $   —   

 

Significant non-U.S. Plans only

For the Three Months Ended June 30,

   Pension
Benefits
    Postretirement
Benefits
 
(In millions of dollars)    2011     2010     2011      2010  

Service cost

     $   37        $   29        $  —           $     1   

Interest cost

     96        84        1         1   

Expected return on plan assets

     (146     (126               

Amortization of prior service cost

                             

Recognized actuarial loss

     29        18                  

Net periodic benefit cost

     $   16        $     5        $     1         $     2   

 

Significant non-U.S. Plans only

For the Six Months Ended June 30,

   Pension
Benefits
    Postretirement
Benefits
 
(In millions of dollars)    2011     2010     2011      2010  

Service cost

     $   72        $   60        $     1         $     1   

Interest cost

     190        173        2         2   

Expected return on plan assets

     (288     (257               

Amortization of prior service cost

     (1     (1               

Recognized actuarial loss

     58        36                  

Net periodic benefit cost

     $   31        $   11        $     3         $     3   

The weighted average actuarial assumptions utilized to calculate the net periodic benefit costs for the U.S. and significant non-U.S. defined benefit plans are as follows:

 

Combined U.S. and significant non-U.S. Plans    Pension
Benefits
    Postretirement
Benefits
 
      2011     2010     2011     2010  

Weighted average assumptions:

        

Expected return on plan assets

     8.2     8.1              

Discount rate

     5.6     6.0     5.8     6.3

Rate of compensation increase

     4.1     4.2              

The Company made $170 million of contributions to its U.S. non-qualified and non-U.S. pension plans in the first half of 2011 and expects to contribute approximately $150 million for the remainder of 2011 for these plans.

 

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12.    Debt

The Company’s outstanding debt is as follows:

 

(In millions of dollars)   

June 30,

2011

    

December 31,

2010

 

Short-term:

     

Current portion of long-term debt

     $   260         $       8   

Long-term:

     

Senior notes – 6.25% due 2012 (5.1% effective interest rate)

     $   252         $   253   

Senior notes – 4.850% due 2013

     250         250   

Senior notes – 5.875% due 2033

     296         296   

Senior notes – 5.375% due 2014

     653         648   

Senior notes – 5.75% due 2015

     747         747   

Senior notes – 9.25% due 2019

     398         398   

Mortgage – 5.70% due 2035

     435         439   

Other

     2         3   
     3,033         3,034   

Less current portion

     260         8   
       $2,773         $3,026   

The senior notes in the table above are publically registered by the Company with no guarantees attached.

On June 27, 2011, the Company commenced tender offers (the “tender offers”) to purchase for cash up to a total of $500 million aggregate principal amount of its outstanding 5.375% notes due 2014 (the “2014 Notes”) and 5.750% notes due 2015 (the “2015 Notes” and together with the 2014 Notes, the “Outstanding Notes”), of which $650 million and $750 million, respectively, were then outstanding.

On July 15, 2011, the Company purchased a total of $600 million of the Outstanding Notes, $330 million of its 2014 Notes and $270 million of its 2015 Notes. The Company acquired the notes at fair value plus a tender premium, which exceeded its carrying value.

The Company used proceeds from the issuance of 4.80% ten-year $500 million senior notes in the third quarter of 2011 and cash on hand to fund the amounts associated with the tendered bonds.

During the third quarter of 2010, the Company repaid its 5.15% fixed rate $550 million senior notes that matured.

On October 23, 2009, the Company and certain of its foreign subsidiaries entered into a $1.0 billion multi-currency three-year unsecured revolving credit facility, which replaced a $1.2 billion facility. The interest rate on this facility varies based upon the Company’s credit ratings and the Company’s credit default swap levels subject to floors and caps. The facility requires the Company to maintain certain coverage and leverage ratios which are tested quarterly. There were no borrowings outstanding under this facility at June 30, 2011.

Derivative Financial Instruments

In February 2011, the Company entered into two $125 million 3.5-year interest rate swaps to hedge changes in the fair value of the first $250 million of its 5.375% senior notes due in 2014.

 

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Under the terms of the swaps, the counterparties will pay the Company a fixed rate of 5.375% and the Company will pay interest at a floating rate of three-month LIBOR plus a fixed spread of 3.726%. The maturity date of the senior notes and the swaps will match exactly. The floating rate resets quarterly, with every second reset occurring on the interest payment date of the senior notes. The swaps net settle every six months on the senior note coupon payment dates. The swaps are designated as fair value hedging instruments and are deemed to be perfectly effective in accordance with applicable accounting guidance. The fair value of the swaps at inception were zero and subsequent changes in the fair value of the interest rate swaps are reflected in the carrying value of the interest rate swaps and in the consolidated balance sheet. The carrying value of the debt on the balance sheet was adjusted by an equal amount. The gain or loss on the hedged item (fixed rate debt) and the offsetting gain or loss on the interest rate swaps as of June 30, 2011 is as follows:

 

Income statement classification

(In millions of dollars)

  

Gain on

Swaps

    

Loss on

Notes

   

Net
Income

Effect

 
       $4.7         $ (4.7)      $—     

The amounts earned and owed under the swap agreements are accrued each period and are reported in interest expense. There was no ineffectiveness recognized in the periods presented.

13.    Restructuring Costs

The Company recorded total restructuring costs of $5 million in the first six months of 2011, primarily related to severance.

Details of the activity from January 1, 2010 through June 30, 2011 regarding restructuring activities which includes liabilities from actions prior to 2011 are as follows:

 

(In millions of dollars)  

Liability at

1/1/10

   

Amounts

Accrued

   

Cash

Paid

    Liability at
12/31/10
   

Amounts

Accrued

   

Cash

Paid

    Other (a)    

Liability at

6/30/11

 

Severance

    $  77        $  79        $(116)        $  40        $    5        $(29)        $    1        $  17   

Future rent under non-cancelable leases and other costs

    182        62        (73)        171               (24)        5        152   

Total

    $259        $141        $(189)        $211        $    5        $(53)        $    6        $169   

 

(a)

Primarily foreign exchange

The expenses associated with the above initiatives are included in compensation and benefits and other operating expenses in the consolidated statements of income. The liabilities associated with these initiatives are classified on the consolidated balance sheets as Accounts payable, Other liabilities, or Accrued compensation, depending on the nature of the items.

14.    Financial Instruments

The estimated fair value of the Company’s significant financial instruments is provided below. Certain estimates and judgments were required to develop the fair value amounts. The fair value amounts shown below are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that the Company would realize upon disposition, nor do they indicate the Company’s intent or need to dispose of the financial instrument.

 

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      June 30, 2011      December 31, 2010  
(In millions of dollars)   

Carrying

Amount

    

Fair

Value

    

Carrying

Amount

    

Fair

Value

 

Cash and cash equivalents

     $1,659         $1,659         $1,894         $1,894   

Long-term investments

     $     58         $     58         $     68         $     64   

Short-term debt

     $   260         $   267         $       8         $       8   

Long-term debt

     $2,773         $3,020         $3,026         $3,234   

Cash and Cash Equivalents: The estimated fair value of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents approximates their carrying value.

Long-term Investments: Long-term investments include available for sale securities recorded at quoted market prices, certain investments carried at cost and unrealized gains related to available for sale investments held in a fiduciary capacity as discussed below.

The Company has long-term investments of $35 million and $39 million at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, carried on the cost basis for which there are no readily available market prices. These investments are included in Other assets in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company monitors these investments for impairment and makes appropriate reductions in carrying values when necessary.

The Company had available for sale securities with an aggregate fair value of $20 million and $23 million at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively, which are carried at market value under ASC Topic No. 320. The Company had gross unrealized gains (pre-tax) on these securities of $7 million and $8 million included in accumulated other comprehensive income at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively. The Company recorded the following change in unrealized gains and losses for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010.

 

(In millions of dollars)   

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
     2011      2010      2011      2010  

Unrealized gains (pre-tax)

             $   1         $ —         $   1   

Unrealized losses (pre-tax)

             $ —         $(1)         $ —   

A portion of the Company’s fiduciary funds described in Note 3 are invested in high quality debt securities and are classified as available for sale. Gross unrealized gains (pre-tax) on these securities that are included in other assets and accumulated other comprehensive income in the consolidated balance sheets were $3 million and $7 million at June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, respectively. In each of the six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010, the Company recorded gross unrealized losses (pre-tax) of $4 million and $6 million related to these investments. These amounts have been excluded from earnings and reported, net of deferred income taxes, in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), which is a component of equity.

 

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Proceeds from the sale of available for sale investments were as follows:

 

     

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(In millions of dollars)    2011      2010      2011      2010  

Proceeds from the sale of available for sale securities

     $  2         $ —         $  3         $14   

The cost of equity securities sold is determined using the average cost method.

The Company also holds investments in certain private equity fund partnerships which are accounted for using the equity method and other investments that are held at cost. The Company recorded the following gains (losses) related to these investments:

 

     

Three Months Ended

June 30,

    

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(In millions of dollars)    2011       2010      2011        2010  

Equity method gains (losses)

     $ (4)         $ 18       $ 14      $ 17   

Gains (losses) on cost method investments

     (3)                    (2)      1   

Gains (losses) from equity and cost method investments

     (7)         18           12      18   

Realized gains on available for sale securities

                         1      8   

Investment income (loss)

     $ (6)         $ 18       $   13      $ 26   

Short-term and Long-term Debt: The fair value of the Company’s short-term debt, which consists primarily of term debt maturing within the next year, approximates its carrying value. The estimated fair value of a primary portion of the Company’s long-term debt is based on discounted future cash flows using current interest rates available for debt with similar terms and remaining maturities. The fair value of the first $250 million of Senior Notes maturing in 2014 is estimated to be the carrying value of those notes adjusted by the fair value of the interest rate swap derivative, discussed above.

15.    Common Stock

During the second quarter of 2011, the Company repurchased approximately 7.8 million shares of its common stock for a total consideration of approximately $235 million at an average price per share of $30.10. The repurchased shares were reflected as an increase in treasury shares (a decrease in shares outstanding). The Company did not purchase any shares of its common stock in the first three months of 2011. The Company remains authorized to repurchase additional shares of its common stock up to a value of $179 million. There is no time limit on this authorization.

In December 2010, the Company repurchased approximately 3.4 million shares of its common stock for total consideration of $85.5 million at an average price per share of $25.40. This share repurchase was effected under a $500 million share repurchase authorization granted by the Company’s Board of Directors in September 2010.

16.    Claims, Lawsuits and Other Contingencies

Errors and Omissions Claims

The Company and its subsidiaries, particularly Marsh and Mercer, are subject to a significant number of claims, lawsuits and proceedings in the ordinary course of business. Such claims and lawsuits consist principally of alleged errors and omissions in connection with the

 

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performance of professional services, including the placement of insurance and the provision of actuarial services for corporate and public clients. Certain of these claims seek damages, including punitive and treble damages, in amounts that could, if awarded, be significant. In establishing liabilities for errors and omissions claims in accordance with FASB ASC Subtopic No. 450-20 (Contingencies—Loss Contingencies), the Company utilizes case level reviews by inside and outside counsel and an internal actuarial analysis to estimate potential losses. A liability is established when a loss is both probable and reasonably estimable. The liability is reviewed quarterly and adjusted as developments warrant. In many cases, the Company has not recorded a liability, other than for legal fees to defend the claim, because we are unable, at the present time, to make a determination that a loss is both probable and reasonably estimable.

To the extent that expected losses exceed our deductible in any policy year, the Company also records an asset for the amount that we expect to recover under any available third-party insurance programs. The Company has varying levels of third-party insurance coverage, with policy limits and coverage terms varying significantly by policy year. The Company is not aware of coverage defenses or other obstacles to coverage that would limit recoveries through policy year 2001-2002 in a material amount. Beginning in 2002, the availability of third-party insurance has declined.

Governmental Inquiries and Related Claims

In January 2005, the Company and its subsidiary Marsh Inc. entered into a settlement agreement with the New York State Attorney General (“NYAG”) and the New York State Insurance Department to settle a civil complaint and related citation regarding Marsh’s use of market service agreements with various insurance companies. The parties subsequently entered into an amended and restated settlement agreement in February 2010 that helps restore a level playing field for Marsh.

Numerous private party lawsuits based on similar allegations to those made in the NYAG complaint were commenced against the Company, one or more of its subsidiaries, and their current and former directors and officers. Most of these matters have been resolved. Eight actions instituted by individual policyholders against the Company, Marsh and certain Marsh subsidiaries remain pending in federal and state courts.

Our activities are regulated under the laws of the United States and its various states, the European Union and its member states, and the other jurisdictions in which we operate. In the ordinary course of business we are also subject to investigations, lawsuits and/or other regulatory actions undertaken by governmental authorities.

Other Contingencies—Guarantees

In connection with its acquisition of U.K.-based Sedgwick Group in 1998, the Company acquired several insurance underwriting businesses that were already in run-off, including River Thames Insurance Company Limited (“River Thames”), which we sold in 2001. Sedgwick guaranteed payment of claims on certain policies underwritten through the Institute of London Underwriters (the “ILU”) by River Thames. The policies covered by this guarantee are reinsured up to £40 million by a related party of River Thames. Payment of claims under the reinsurance agreement is collateralized by segregated assets held in a trust. As of June 30, 2011, the reinsurance coverage exceeded the best estimate of the projected liability of the policies covered by the guarantee. To the extent River Thames or the reinsurer is unable to meet its obligations under those policies, a claimant may seek to recover from us under the guarantee.

From 1980 to 1983, the Company owned indirectly the English & American Insurance Company (“E&A”), which was a member of the ILU. The ILU required the Company to guarantee a portion

 

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of E&A’s obligations. After E&A became insolvent in 1993, the ILU agreed to discharge the guarantee in exchange for the Company’s agreement to post an evergreen letter of credit that is available to pay claims by policyholders on certain E&A policies issued through the ILU and incepting between July 3, 1980 and October 6, 1983. Certain claims have been paid under the letter of credit and we anticipate that additional claimants may seek to recover against the letter of credit.

Putnam-related Matters

Under the terms of a stock purchase agreement with Great-West Lifeco Inc. (“GWL”) related to GWL’s purchase of Putnam Investments Trust from the Company in August 2007, a copy of which was included as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 8-K filed on February 1, 2007, we agreed to indemnify GWL with respect to certain Putnam-related litigation and regulatory matters. Most of these matters have been resolved.

One action by investors in certain Putnam mutual funds, which asserts derivative claims on behalf of the funds against Putnam regarding excessive short-term trading, remains pending in the District of Maryland, and may be subject to our indemnification obligations.

Kroll-related Matters

Under the terms of a stock purchase agreement with Altegrity, Inc. (“Altegrity”) related to Altegrity’s purchase of Kroll from the Company in August 2010, a copy of which is attached as an exhibit to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2010, we agreed to provide a limited indemnity to Altegrity with respect to certain Kroll-related litigation and regulatory matters.

The pending proceedings and other matters described in this Note 16 on Claims, Lawsuits and Other Contingencies may expose the Company or its subsidiaries to liability for significant monetary damages and other forms of relief. Where a loss is both probable and reasonably estimable, we establish liabilities in accordance with FASB ASC Subtopic No. 450-20 (Contingencies—Loss Contingencies). Except as described above, we are not able at this time to provide a reasonable estimate of the range of possible loss attributable to these matters or the impact they may have on the Company’s consolidated results of operations, financial position or cash flows. This is primarily because these matters are still developing and involve complex issues subject to inherent uncertainty. Adverse determinations in one or more of these matters could have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated results of operations, financial condition or cash flows in a future period.

17.    Segment Information

The Company is organized based on the types of services provided. Under this organizational structure, the Company’s business segments are:

 

¡  

Risk and Insurance Services, comprising insurance services (Marsh) and reinsurance services (Guy Carpenter); and

 

¡  

Consulting, comprising Mercer and Oliver Wyman Group

With the sale of Kroll in August 2010, along with previous divestiture transactions between 2008 and 2010, the Company has divested its entire Risk Consulting and Technology segment.

The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those used for the consolidated financial statements described in Note 1 to the Company’s 2010 10-K. Segment performance is evaluated based on segment operating income, which includes directly related expenses,

 

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and charges or credits related to integration and restructuring but not the Company’s corporate-level expenses. Revenues are attributed to geographic areas on the basis of where the services are performed.

Selected information about the Company’s operating segments for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 are as follows:

 

     

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(In millions of dollars)    Revenue    

Operating

Income
(Loss)

    Revenue    

Operating

Income
(Loss)

 

2011 –

        

Risk and Insurance Services

     $1,620 (a)      $   356        $3,254 (c)      $   739   

Consulting

     1,319 (b)      152        2,580 (d)      280   

Total Operating Segments

     2,939        508        5,834        1,019   

Corporate / Eliminations

     (11     (43     (22     (82

Total Consolidated

     $2,928        $   465        $5,812        $ 937   

2010 –

        

Risk and Insurance Services

     $1,459 (a)      $   258        $2,951 (c)      $   605   

Consulting

     1,168 (b)      (275     2,323 (d)      (159

Total Operating Segments

     2,627        (17     5,274        446   

Corporate / Eliminations

     (21     (33     (33     (71

Total Consolidated

     $2,606        $    (50     $5,241        $   375   

 

(a)

Includes inter-segment revenue of $1 million in both 2011 and 2010, respectively, interest income on fiduciary funds of $10 million and $11 million in 2011 and 2010, respectively, and equity method income of $7 million in both 2011 and 2010.

 

(b) 

Includes inter-segment revenue of $10 million and $20 million in 2011 and 2010, respectively, and interest income on fiduciary funds of $1 million in both 2011 and 2010.

 

(c)

Includes inter-segment revenue of $2 in both 2011 and 2010, respectively, interest income on fiduciary funds of $22 million in both 2011 and 2010, respectively, and equity method income of $9 million and $8 million in 2011 and 2010, respectively.

 

(d)

Includes inter-segment revenue of $20 million and $31 million in 2011 and 2010, respectively, and interest income on fiduciary funds of $2 million in both 2011 and 2010.

Details of operating segment revenue for the three and six-month periods ended June 30, 2011 and 2010 is as follows:

 

     

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
(In millions of dollars)    2011     2010     2011     2010  

Risk and Insurance Services

        

Marsh

     $1,362        $1,214        $2,654        $2,389   

Guy Carpenter

     258        245        600        562   

Total Risk and Insurance Services

     1,620        1,459        3,254        2,951   

Consulting

                                

Mercer

     945        838        1,867        1,687   

Oliver Wyman Group

     374        330        713        636   

Total Consulting

     1,319        1,168        2,580        2,323   

Total Operating Segments

     2,939        2,627        5,834        5,274   

Corporate/ Eliminations

     (11     (21     (22     (33

Total

     $2,928        $2,606        $5,812        $5,241   

 

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18.    New Accounting Pronouncements

In June 2011, the FASB issued guidance related to the presentation of Comprehensive Income. The new guidance gives an entity the option to present the total of comprehensive income, the components of net income, and the components of other comprehensive income either in a single continuous statement of comprehensive income or in two separate but consecutive statements. In both choices, an entity is required to present each component of net income along with total net income, each component of other comprehensive income along with a total for other comprehensive income, and a total amount for comprehensive income. The guidance eliminates the option to present the components of other comprehensive income as part of the statement of changes in stockholders’ equity. The guidance does not change the items that must be reported in other comprehensive income or when an item of other comprehensive income must be reclassified to net income.

The guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 31, 2011 and must be applied retrospectively. Other than enhanced disclosure, adoption of this guidance will not have a material affect on the Company’s financial statements.

In December 2009, the FASB issued new guidance related to the Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities (“VIE”). The new guidance focuses on “controlling financial interests” and requires companies to perform qualitative analysis to determine whether they must consolidate a VIE by assessing whether the variable interests give them controlling financial interests in the VIE. This guidance is effective for transfers occurring on or after November 15, 2009. Provisions must be applied in annual reporting periods beginning after November 15, 2009 and interim periods within that annual period. The adoption of the guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

Also, effective January 1, 2010, the Company adopted new guidance that indefinitely defers the above changes relating to the Company’s interests in entities that have all the attributes of an investment company or for which it is industry practice to apply measurement principles for financial reporting that are consistent with those applied by an investment company. As a result, the guidance discussed in the preceding paragraph did not apply to certain investment management trusts managed by Mercer. Mercer manages approximately $18 billion of assets in trusts or funds for which Mercer’s management or trustee fee is considered a variable interest. Mercer is not the primary beneficiary of these trusts or funds. Mercer’s only variable interest in any of these trusts or funds is its unpaid fees, if any. Mercer’s maximum exposure to loss of its interests is, therefore, limited to collection of its fees.

In January 2011, the Company adopted guidance issued by the FASB on revenue recognition regarding multiple-deliverable revenue arrangements. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In January 2011, the Company adopted guidance issued by the FASB which establishes a revenue recognition model for contingent consideration that is payable upon the achievement of an uncertain future event, referred to as a milestone. The scope of this guidance is limited to research or development arrangements and requires an entity to record the milestone payment in its entirety in the period received if the milestone meets all the necessary criteria to be considered substantive. However, entities would not be precluded from making an accounting policy election to apply another appropriate accounting policy that results in the deferral of some portion of the arrangement consideration. The adoption of this new guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

In May 2010, the FASB issued guidance for foreign currency issues and Venezuela’s highly inflationary status. The guidance states that Venezuela’s economy should be considered highly

 

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inflationary as of January 1, 2010 and therefore a U.S. dollar reporting entity must remeasure the financial statements of its Venezuelan subsidiaries as if the subsidiaries’ functional reporting currency were the entity’s reporting currency (i.e., the U.S. dollar). Any changes related to the conversion of non-U.S. dollar denominated balance sheet accounts must be recognized in earnings. The adoption of the guidance did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

General

Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc. and Subsidiaries (“the Company”) is a global professional services firm providing advice and solutions in the areas of risk, strategy, and human capital. The Company’s subsidiaries include Marsh, which provides risk and insurance services; Guy Carpenter, which provides reinsurance services; Mercer, which provides human resource and related financial advice and services; and Oliver Wyman Group, which provides management consulting and other services. The Company’s approximately 52,000 employees worldwide provide analysis, advice and transactional capabilities to clients in over 100 countries.

The Company’s business segments are based on the services provided. Risk and Insurance Services includes risk management and insurance and reinsurance broking and services, provided primarily by Marsh and Guy Carpenter. Consulting, which comprises the activities of Mercer and Oliver Wyman Group, includes human resource consulting and related investment and outsourcing services, and specialized management, economic and brand consulting services.

In the first quarter of 2010, Kroll completed the sale of Kroll Laboratory Specialists (“KLS”) and on August 3, 2010, the Company completed the sale of Kroll to Altegrity. With the Kroll disposition completed in August 2010, along with the previous disposals of other businesses between 2008 and 2010, the Company has divested its entire Risk Consulting and Technology segment. As described in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, based on the terms and conditions of the divestitures of the Corporate Advisory and Restructuring businesses (“CARG”) in 2008, the Company determined it has “continuing involvement” in those businesses, as that term is used in SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 5e. Therefore classification of CARG as discontinued operations is not appropriate, and their financial results in the current and prior periods are included in operating income. The run-off of the Company’s involvement in the CARG businesses is managed by the Company’s corporate departments, and consequently, the financial results of these businesses are included in “Corporate” for segment reporting purposes.

Operating results for Kroll and KLS and the net after-tax loss on the disposal of KLS is included in discontinued operations in the first six months of 2010.

In January 2011, Marsh acquired RJF Agencies, an independent insurance agency in the upper Midwest. In February 2011, Marsh acquired Hampton Roads Bonding, a surety bonding agency for commercial, road, utility, maritime and government contractors in the state of Virginia, and the Boston office of Kinloch Consulting Group, Inc.

In the first quarter of 2010, Marsh acquired Haake Companies, Inc., an insurance broking firm in the Midwest region and Thomas Rutherfoord, Inc., an insurance broking firm in the Southeast and mid-Atlantic regions of the U.S. In the second quarter of 2010, Marsh acquired HSBC Insurance Brokers Ltd., an international provider of risk intermediary and risk advisory services and the Bostonian Group Insurance Agency, Inc. and Bostonian Solutions, Inc. (collectively the “Bostonian Group”), a regional insurance brokerage in New England. In the fourth quarter of 2010, Marsh acquired Trion, a U.S. private benefits specialist and SBS, a Georgia-based benefits brokerage and consulting firm.

In the first quarter of 2011, Mercer acquired Hammond Associates, an investment consulting company for endowments and foundations in the U.S. In June 2011, Mercer acquired

 

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Evaluation Associates, an investment consulting firm.

In July 2010, Mercer acquired Innovative Process Administration (“IPA”), a provider of health and benefit recordkeeping and employee enrollment technology. In August 2010, Mercer acquired ORC Worldwide, a premier provider of HR knowledge, data and solutions for professionals in numerous industries.

A reconciliation of segment operating income to total operating income is included in Note 17 to the consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report. The accounting policies used for each segment are the same as those used for the consolidated financial statements.

This MD&A contains forward-looking statements as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. See “Information Concerning Forward-Looking Statements” at the outset of this report.

Consolidated Results of Operations

 

      Second Quarter     Six Months  
(In millions, except per share figures)    2011      2010     2011      2010  

Revenue

   $ 2,928       $ 2,606      $ 5,812       $ 5,241   

Expense:

          

Compensation and Benefits

     1,728         1,614        3,449         3,189   

Other Operating Expenses

     735         1,042        1,426         1,677   

Operating Expenses

     2,463         2,656        4,875         4,866   

Operating Income (Loss)

     465         (50     937         375   

Income (Loss) from Continuing Operations

     286         (29     605         245   

Discontinued Operations, net of tax

     3         271        15         249   

Net Income Before Non-Controlling Interest

     289         242        620         494   

Net Income Attributable to the Company

   $    282       $ 236      $ 607       $ 484   

Income (Loss) From Continuing Operations Per Share:

          

Basic

   $   0.51       $ (0.06   $   1.08       $   0.43   

Diluted

   $   0.50       $ (0.06   $   1.06       $   0.43   

Net Income Per Share Attributable to the Company:

          

Basic

   $   0.51       $   0.43      $   1.10       $   0.89   

Diluted

   $   0.50       $   0.43      $   1.09       $   0.88   

Average Number of Shares Outstanding:

          

Basic

     547         541        545         537   

Diluted

     555         545        554         541   

Shares Outstanding at June 30,

     541         542        541         542   

The Company reported consolidated operating income of $465 million in the second quarter of 2011 compared with a consolidated operating loss of $50 million in the prior year. The second quarter 2010 results include a net charge of $400 million in the Consulting segment due to the resolution of litigation brought by the Alaska Retirement Management Board (“ARMB”) against Mercer. Excluding this charge, operating income in the second quarter of 2010 would have been $350 million, and when compared with 2011 results, would reflect increases of $98 million in Risk and Insurance Services and $27 million in Consulting.

 

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The Company reported consolidated operating income of $937 million for the first six months of 2011 compared with $375 million in the prior year. Excluding the settlement charges as discussed above, operating income in the first six months of 2010 would have been $775 million compared with $937 million in 2011 reflecting increases of $134 million in Risk & Insurance Services and $39 million in Consulting.

Consolidated Revenue and Expense

The Company conducts business in many countries, as a result of which the impact of foreign exchange rate movements may distort period-to-period comparisons of revenue. Similarly, the revenue impact of acquisitions and dispositions, including transfers among businesses, may impact period-to-period comparisons of revenue. Underlying revenue, presented below measures the change in revenue from one period to another by isolating these impacts. The impact of foreign currency exchange fluctuations and acquisitions and dispositions, including transfers among businesses, on the Company’s operating revenues by segment is as follows:

 

(In millions of dollars)  

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   

%
Change

GAAP

Revenue

    Components of Revenue Change*  
     

Currency

Impact

   

Acquisitions/

Dispositions

Impact

   

Underlying

Revenue

 
  2011     2010          
   

Risk and Insurance Services

           

Marsh

    $1,353        $1,205        12     5     3     5

Guy Carpenter

    257        243        6     2     (1 )%      5

Subtotal

    1,610        1,448        11     4     2     5

Fiduciary Interest Income

    10        11           

Total Risk and Insurance Services

    1,620        1,459        11     4     2     5

Consulting

           

Mercer

    945        838        13     6     2     4

Oliver Wyman Group

    374        330        14     6     —          8

Total Consulting

    1,319        1,168        13     6     2     5

Corporate/Eliminations

    (11     (21        

Total Revenue

    $2,928        $2,606        12     5     2     5

 

* Components of revenue change may not add due to rounding.

 

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The following table provides more detailed revenue information for certain of the components presented above:

 

(In millions of dollars)   Three Months Ended
June 30,
   

%
Change

GAAP

Revenue

    Components of Revenue Change*  
     

Currency

Impact

   

Acquisitions/

Dispositions

Impact

   

Underlying

Revenue

 
  2011     2010          
                                                 

Marsh:

           

EMEA

    $   445        $397        12     8     —          4

Asia Pacific

    169        139        21     13     3     6

Latin America

    83        66        25     7     —          18

Total International

    697        602        16     9     1     6

U.S. / Canada

    656        603        9     1     5     3

Total Marsh

    $1,353        $1,205        12     5     3     5

Mercer:

           

Retirement

    $   271        $259        5     6     —          (1 )% 

Health and Benefits

    241        227        6     4     (3 )%      5

Rewards, Talent & Communications

    127        102        26     6     10     10

Total Mercer Consulting

    639        588        9     5     —          3

Outsourcing

    188        161        16     9     5     2

Investment Consulting & Management

    118        89        32     11     8     13

Total Mercer

    $   945        $838        13     6     2     4

 

* Components of revenue change may not add due to rounding.

 

(In millions of dollars)   Six Months Ended
June 30,
   

%
Change

GAAP

Revenue

    Components of Revenue Change*  
     

Currency

Impact

   

Acquisitions/

Dispositions

Impact

   

Underlying

Revenue

 
  2011     2010          
                                                 

Risk and Insurance Services

           

Marsh

    $2,635        $2,371        11     2     5     4

Guy Carpenter

    597        558        7     1     —          6

Subtotal

    3,232        2,929        10     2     4     5

Fiduciary Interest Income

    22        22           

Total Risk and Insurance Services

    3,254        2,951        10     2     4     5

Consulting

           

Mercer

    1,867        1,687        11     4     2     4

Oliver Wyman Group

    713        636        12     4     —          9

Total Consulting

    2,580        2,323        11     4     2     6

Corporate/Eliminations

    (22     (33        

Total Revenue

    $5,812        $5,241        11     3     3     5

 

* Components of revenue change may not add due to rounding.

 

 

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(In millions of dollars)  

Six Months Ended

June 30,

   

%
Change

GAAP

Revenue

    Components of Revenue Change*  
     

Currency

Impact

   

Acquisitions/

Dispositions

Impact

   

Underlying

Revenue

 
  2011     2010          
                                                 

Marsh:

           

EMEA

    $   996        $   924        8     2     3     3

Asia Pacific

    294        238        24     10     6     7

Latin America

    144        118        21     2     —          19

Total International

    1,434        1,280        12     4     3     5

U.S. / Canada

    1,201        1,091        10     1     6     3

Total Marsh

    $2,635        $2,371        11     2     5     4

Mercer:

           

Retirement

    $   552        $   539        2     4     —          (1 )% 

Health and Benefits

    478        452        6     2     (3 )%      7

Rewards, Talent & Communications

    244        195        26     4     10     12

Total Mercer Consulting

    1,274        1,186        7     3     —          4

Outsourcing

    364        323        12     6     5     1

Investment Consulting & Management

    229        178        29     8     8     13

Total Mercer

    $1,867        $1,687        11     4     2     4

 

* Components of revenue change may not add due to rounding.

Revenue

Consolidated revenue for the second quarter of 2011 was $2.9 billion, an increase of 12% compared with the same period in the prior year. On an underlying basis revenue increased 5%.

Revenue in the Risk and Insurance Services segment for the second quarter of 2011 increased 11% to $1.6 billion, from the same period in 2010, or 5% on an underlying basis. Within the Risk and Insurance Services segment, revenue for both Marsh and Guy Carpenter increased 5% on an underlying basis. Marsh experienced revenue growth in all geographic operations, with particularly strong growth in Latin America. Revenue growth at Guy Carpenter was driven by global specialties and continental Europe. Consulting revenue increased 13% to $1.3 billion, resulting from increases of 13% in Mercer and 14% in Oliver Wyman. On an underlying basis, Consulting revenue increased 5% reflecting increases of 4% in Mercer and 8% in Oliver Wyman.

For the first six months of 2011, Risk & Insurance Services revenue increased 10% from the same period in 2010, 5% on an underlying basis. Consulting revenue increased 11%, resulting from an 11% increase at Mercer and a 12% increase at Oliver Wyman. On an underlying basis, consulting revenue increased 6%, resulting from a 4% increase at Mercer and a 9% increase at Oliver Wyman.

Operating Expense

Consolidated operating expense in the second quarter of 2011 decreased 7% from the same period in 2010. Expenses in 2010 included the net charge of $400 million related to the resolution of the ARMB litigation. Excluding this charge, expenses would have increased 9%. This reflects a 2% increase in underlying expenses, a 5% increase due to the impact of foreign exchange, and a 2% increase due to the impact of acquisitions. The increase in underlying expenses primarily reflects higher compensation and benefits costs, including increased pension costs, higher consulting costs, asset-based fees and expenses reimbursable from clients.

 

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For the six months ended June 30, 2011, operating expenses were flat compared to the same period in 2010. Excluding the impact of the charge related to the litigation discussed above, expenses would have increased 9%, reflecting a 3% increase due to the impact of foreign exchange, a 3% increase due to the impact of acquisitions and a 3% increase in underlying expenses.

Restructuring

In the first six months of 2011 the Company recorded total restructuring costs of $5 million primarily related to severance. In the first six months of 2010 the Company incurred restructuring costs of $57 million, primarily related to severance and benefits including approximately $25 million for cost reduction activities related to recent acquisitions.

Risk and Insurance Services

The results of operations for the Risk and Insurance Services segment are presented below:

 

      Second Quarter     Six Months  
(In millions of dollars)    2011     2010     2011     2010  

Revenue

   $ 1,620      $ 1,459      $ 3,254      $ 2,951   

Compensation and Benefits

     863        834        1,727        1,615   

Other Expenses

     401        367        788        731   

Expense

     1,264        1,201        2,515        2,346   

Operating Income

   $    356      $    258      $    739      $    605   

Operating Income Margin

     22.0     17.7     22.7     20.5

Revenue

Revenue in the Risk and Insurance Services segment in the second quarter of 2011 increased 11% to $1.6 billion, or 5% on an underlying basis compared with the same period in 2010.

In Marsh, revenue in the second quarter of 2011 was $1.4 billion, an increase of 12% from the same quarter of the prior year resulting from an increase of 5% in both underlying revenue and the impact of foreign currency translation and 3% from acquisitions. The underlying revenue growth was across all major geographic markets with particularly strong growth in Latin America. Underlying revenue increased 3% in the U.S. / Canada, 18% in Latin America, 6% in Asia Pacific and 4% in EMEA. Marsh new business increased 8% with similar growth in both U.S./Canada and international.

In January 2011, Marsh acquired RJF Agencies, an independent insurance agency in the upper Midwest region of the U.S. In February 2011, Marsh acquired Hampton Roads Bonding, a surety bonding agency for commercial, road, utility, maritime and government contractors in the state of Virginia, and the Boston office of Kinloch Consulting Group, Inc.

In the first quarter of 2010, Marsh acquired Haake Companies, Inc., an insurance broking firm in the Midwest region and Thomas Rutherfoord, Inc., an insurance broking firm in the Southeast and mid-Atlantic regions of the U.S. In the second quarter of 2010, Marsh acquired HSBC Insurance Brokers Ltd., an international provider of risk intermediary and risk advisory services and the Bostonian Group Insurance Agency, Inc. and Bostonian Solutions, Inc. (collectively the “Bostonian Group”), a regional insurance brokerage in New England. In the fourth quarter of 2010 Marsh acquired Trion, a U.S. private benefits specialist and SBS, a Georgia-based

 

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benefits brokerage and consulting firm.

Guy Carpenter’s revenue increased 6% to $257 million in the second quarter of 2011 compared with the same period in 2010, or 5% on an underlying basis, led by global specialties and continental Europe. The increase in underlying revenue reflects continued strong new business growth and high client retentions.

Revenue in the Risk & Insurance Services segment increased 10% for the first six months of 2011 compared with the same period of 2010, or 5% on an underlying basis.

Expense

Expenses in the Risk and Insurance Services segment increased 5% in the second quarter of 2011, compared with the same period in the prior year, reflecting a 5% increase related to the impact of foreign currency and a 2% increase from acquisitions, partially offset by a 2% decrease in underlying expenses. The decrease in underlying expenses is primarily due to lower restructuring costs in 2011 compared with 2010.

Expenses for the six-month period in 2011 increased 7% compared with prior year, reflecting an increase of 3% related to the impact of foreign currency and a 4% increase from acquisitions. Underlying expenses were flat compared to the six-month period in the prior year.

Consulting

The results of operations for the Consulting segment are presented below:

 

      Second Quarter      Six Months  
(In millions of dollars)    2011     2010      2011     2010  

Revenue

   $ 1,319      $ 1,168       $ 2,580      $ 2,323   

Compensation and Benefits

     800        721         1,594        1,458   
Other Expenses    367     722      706     1,024  

Expense

     1,167        1,443         2,300        2,482   

Operating Income

   $    152      $ (275)       $    280      $ (159)   

Operating Income Margin

     11.5     N/A         10.9     N/A   

Revenue

Consulting revenue in the second quarter of 2011 increased 13% compared with the same period in 2010, or 5% on an underlying basis. Mercer’s revenue reached $945 million in the second quarter of 2011, an increase of 13%. On an underlying basis, Mercer’s revenue increased 4%. Within Mercer’s consulting lines, revenue increased 3% on an underlying basis compared with the second quarter of 2010, reflecting increases of 5% in health and benefits and 10% in rewards, talent and communications, partly offset by a decrease of 1% in retirement. Within retirement, strong revenue growth in most of Europe and Latin America was offset by declines in the U.S. and Ireland. Health and benefits continued its very strong performance, with growth in all regions of the world and particular strength in the U.S., Latin America, Canada and Asia Pacific. Rewards, talent & communications produced double digit revenue growth for the fourth consecutive quarter. Outsourcing revenue grew 16% or 2% on an underlying basis with solid growth in Australia partially offset by a decline in the U.S. Investment consulting & management revenue increased 32% or 13% on an underlying basis, continuing its trend of strong growth. Oliver Wyman’s revenue increased 14% to $374 million in the second quarter of 2011, or 8% on an underlying basis, driven by solid revenue growth in financial services and healthcare.

 

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Consulting revenue in the first six months of 2011 increased 11% compared with the same period in 2010, or 6% on an underlying basis, with underlying growth of 4% at Mercer and 9% at Oliver Wyman.

Expense

Consulting expenses decreased 19% in the second quarter of 2011 compared with the same period in 2010. Excluding the impact of the $400 million charge in 2010 related to litigation, expenses would have increased 12%, reflecting a 6% increase from the impact of foreign exchange rates, a 2% increase from acquisitions and a 4% increase in underlying expenses. The increase in underlying expenses is primarily due to higher compensation and benefits costs, including higher pension costs, and higher asset-based fees.

For the six months ended June 30, 2011, expenses decreased 7%. Excluding the impact of the $400 million charge in 2010 related to litigation, expenses increased 11% reflecting a 4% increase from the impact of foreign exchange rates, a 2% increase from acquisitions and a 5% increase in underlying expenses.

Corporate and Other

With the disposition of Kroll in August 2010, along with previous divestiture transactions between 2008 and 2010, the Company has divested its entire Risk Consulting and Technology segment. As described in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, based on the terms and conditions of the divestitures of the CARG businesses in 2008, the Company determined it has “continuing involvement” in those businesses, as that term is used in SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin Topic 5e. Therefore, classification of the CARG businesses as discontinued operations is not appropriate, and their financial results in the current and prior periods are included in operating income. The runoff of the Company’s involvement in the CARG businesses is managed by the Company’s corporate departments, and consequently, the financial results of these businesses are included in “Corporate” for segment reporting purposes.

The following results of Corporate and Other includes the Corporate Advisory and Restructuring operations:

 

      Second Quarter     Six Months  
(In millions of dollars)    2011     2010     2011     2010  

Corporate and Other:

                                

Corporate Advisory and Restructuring Operating Income (Loss)

   $ 2      $ 2      $ 5      $ 4   

Corporate Expense

     (45     (35     (87     (75

Total Corporate and Other

   $ (43   $ (33   $ (82   $ (71

Corporate expenses in the second quarter of 2011 were $45 million compared with $35 million in the prior year. The increase is due to higher incentive compensation and pension costs primarily due to executive positions added in corporate, higher outside services costs related to corporate initiatives, such as branding and higher severance costs.

Corporate expenses for the six months of 2011 increased $12 million from 2010, primarily due to the increased expenses incurred in the second quarter.

The CARG amounts reflect payments received related to the CARG businesses divested in 2008.

 

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Interest

Interest income earned on corporate funds amounted to $5 million in the second quarter of 2011 compared with $3 million in the second quarter of 2010. The increase in interest income is due to the combined effect of higher average invested funds in 2011 and slightly higher average interest rates compared with the prior year. Interest income increased $5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2011 compared with the prior year. Interest expense decreased $11 million and $20 million, respectively, in 2011 compared with the second quarter and six month periods of 2010, primarily due to the maturity of $550 million of senior notes in the third quarter of 2010, a lower net interest rate on the Company’s debt subject to interest rate swaps and lower interest expense attributable to deferred purchase consideration related to acquisitions.

Investment Income (Loss)

Net investment loss in the second quarter of 2011 was $6 million due to mark to market losses on private equity fund investments of $3 million and a $3 million impairment charge resulting from the other than temporary decrease in the value of a cost basis investment. This compares with investment income of $18 million in the second quarter of 2010, primarily consisting of mark to market gains on private equity investments.

For the first six months of 2011, investment income was $13 million compared with $26 million in the prior year, primarily due to the gain on the sale of equity securities in 2010.

Income Taxes

The Company’s effective tax rate in the second quarter of 2011 was 31.1%. The 29.8% effective tax rate for the first six months includes a tax benefit recorded in the first quarter from the effective settlement of the IRS audit for 2006 through 2008 tax years. Excluding this benefit, the effective tax rate for the first six months of 2011 was 31.4%.

The Company reported a net income tax benefit of $60 million in continuing operations in the second quarter of 2010 on a pretax loss of $89 million, an effective tax rate of 67.4%. The high tax benefit rate primarily reflects the combination of the tax benefit related to the Alaska settlement, determined at U.S. tax rates, with other pre-tax income that is subject to lower average effective tax rates applicable worldwide. Excluding the impact of the Alaska settlement, the effective tax rate for the quarter was 32.3%. The 14.9% effective tax rate for the first six months of 2010 also primarily reflects the benefit associated with the Alaska settlement. Excluding the effect of the settlement, the effective tax rate for the first six months of 2010 was 29.5%.

Impacts on effective tax rates of recent years’ accruals for severance, restructuring, and professional liability could not reasonably be estimated and therefore were reported in the interim periods in which they occurred. These factors resulted in highly variable effective tax rates that did not represent long term operating trends. Although we expect the effective tax rate to continue to be significantly variable, the degree of variation is expected to moderate with the anticipated decline in these items.

The effective tax rate is sensitive to the geographic mix and repatriation of the Company’s earnings, which may result in higher or lower tax rates. U.S. federal and state corporate tax rates substantially exceed tax rates applicable outside the U.S. Over the past several years, the Company has experienced losses in its U.S. operations and has had significant earnings in its non-U.S. operations. In 2011 the forecasted pre-tax income in the U.K., Canada, Australia and Bermuda are expected to account for approximately 60% of the Company’s total non-U.S. pre-

 

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tax income, with estimated effective rates in those countries of 29%, 30%, 31% and 0%, respectively. Consequently, continued improvement in the profitability of the Company’s U.S.-based operations would tend to result in higher effective tax rates. Losses in certain jurisdictions cannot be offset by earnings from other operations, and may require valuation allowances affecting the rate, depending on estimates of the realizability of associated deferred tax assets. The tax rate is also sensitive to changes in unrecognized tax benefits, including the impact of settled tax audits and expired statutes of limitation.

Changes in tax laws or tax rulings may have a significant impact on our effective tax rate. For example, proposals for fundamental U.S. international tax reform, such as the recent proposal by President Obama, if enacted, could have a significant adverse impact on the effective tax rate while a reduction in the tax rate in a significant foreign jurisdiction could have a positive impact.

The Company reports a liability for unrecognized tax benefits resulting from uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken in the tax return. The Company’s gross unrecognized tax benefits decreased from $199 million at December 31, 2010 to $152 million at June 30, 2011, primarily reflecting the effective settlement of issues on audit. It is reasonably possible that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits will decrease between zero and approximately $20 million within the next twelve months due to settlement of audits and expiration of statutes of limitation.

Dispositions

In the first quarter of 2010, Kroll completed the sale of KLS. On August 3, 2010, the Company completed the sale of Kroll to Altegrity for cash consideration of $1.13 billion.

Kroll’s results of operations are reported as discontinued operations in the Company’s consolidated statements of income. The three and six months ended June 30, 2010 also include the loss on the sale of KLS which includes the tax provision of $36 million. Discontinued operations for the six months ended June 30, 2011 primarily relates to an insurance recovery for legal fees incurred at Putnam prior to its sale and a tax recovery under the indemnity related to the Putnam sale.

The Company’s tax basis in its investment in the stock of Kroll at the time of sale exceeded the recorded amount primarily as a result of prior impairments of goodwill recognized for financial reporting, but not tax. Prior to the second quarter of 2010, a tax benefit was not recorded for this temporary difference because it was not apparent in the foreseeable future that it would reverse in a transaction that would result in a tax benefit. Since Kroll met the criteria for classification as a discontinued operation in the second quarter of 2010, the Company determined that it had the ability to carry back the capital loss realized against prior realized capital gains. Therefore, a $265 million deferred tax benefit was recorded in discontinued operations in the second quarter of 2010 to establish a deferred tax asset.

 

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Summarized Statements of Income data for discontinued operations is as follows:

 

(In millions of dollars)   

Three Months Ended

June 30,

   

Six Months Ended

June 30,

 
   2011      2010     2011     2010  

Kroll Operations

         

Revenue

     $     —         $163        $   —        $325   

Expense

             146               293   

Net operating income

             17               32   

Income tax

                           15   

Income from Kroll operations, net of tax

             17               17   

Other discontinued operations, net of tax

                             

Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax

             17               17   

Disposals of discontinued operations

     8         (8     8        7   

Income tax (credit) expense

     5         (262     (7     (225

Disposals of discontinued operations, net of tax

     3         254        15        232   

Discontinued operations, net of tax

     $     3         $271        $   15        $249   

Discontinued operations, net of tax per share

         

—Basic

     $0.00         $0.49        $0.02        $0.46   

—Diluted

     $0.00         $0.49        $0.03        $0.45   

Liquidity and Capital Resources

The Company is organized as a holding company, a legal entity separate and distinct from its operating subsidiaries. As a holding company without significant operations of its own, the Company is dependent upon dividends and other payments from its operating subsidiaries to meet its obligations for paying principal and interest on outstanding debt obligations, for paying dividends to stockholders and for corporate expenses. Further, the Company derives a significant portion of its revenue and operating profit from operating subsidiaries located outside of the United States. Funds from the Company’s operating subsidiaries located outside of the United States are regularly repatriated to the United States out of annual earnings. At December 31, 2010, the Company had approximately $1.2 billion of cash and cash equivalents in its foreign operations of which all but approximately $121 million is considered to be permanently invested in those operations to fund foreign investments and working capital needs. The Company expects to continue its practice of repatriating foreign funds out of annual earnings. The analysis of the portion of 2011 earnings that the Company expects to repatriate and the portion that will be permanently reinvested will be finalized later in the year as the amount of non-U.S. earnings and the Company’s cash requirements become more certain. While management does not foresee a need to repatriate the funds which are currently deemed permanently invested, if facts or circumstances change management could elect to repatriate them, if necessary, which could result in higher effective tax rates in the future.

Operating Cash Flows

The Company generated $330 million of cash from operations for the six months ended June 30, 2011, compared with $272 million provided by operations for the same period in 2010. These amounts reflect the net income of the Company during those periods, excluding gains or losses from investments and from the disposition of businesses, adjusted for non-cash charges, and changes in working capital which relate primarily to the timing of payments of accrued liabilities or receipts of assets. Cash generated from the disposition of businesses is included in investing cash flows.

The Company received $322 million in cash refunds of U.S. federal income taxes during the quarter, comprising $212 million from carrying back the net capital loss incurred in 2010 from

 

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the sale of Kroll and various other assets, and $110 million from the cash settlement of the IRS audit for the periods 2006 through 2008. The audit settlement primarily reflected the allowance of carry back claims for net operating losses and excess foreign tax credits arising in 2008. The impact on the tax provision of these events was reflected in prior periods and did not impact income tax expense reported during the quarter.

Financing Cash Flows

Net cash used for financing activities was $471 million for the period ended June 30, 2011 compared with $265 million net cash used for the same period in 2010.

The Company paid dividends on its common shares of $235 million ($0.42 per share) during the first six months of 2011, as compared with $221 million ($0.40 per share) during the first six months of 2010.

On October 23, 2009, the Company and certain of its foreign subsidiaries entered into a $1.0 billion multi-currency three-year unsecured revolving credit facility, which replaced the $1.2 billion facility that was previously in place. The interest rate on this facility varies based upon the Company’s credit ratings and the Company’s credit default swap levels subject to floors and caps. The facility requires the Company to maintain certain coverage and leverage ratios which are tested quarterly. There were no borrowings outstanding under this facility at June 30, 2011.

In the second quarter of 2011, the Company acquired the remaining minority interest of a previously majority-owned entity for total cash consideration of $8 million.

In the first quarter of 2011 and 2010, the Company paid deferred purchase consideration of $13 million and $15 million, respectively, related to the purchase in 2009 of the minority interest of a previously controlled entity.

The Company’s senior debt is currently rated Baa2 by Moody’s and BBB- by Standard & Poor’s. The Company’s short-term debt is currently rated P-2 by Moody’s and A-3 by Standard & Poor’s. The Company carries a stable outlook from Moody’s and negative outlook from Standard & Poor’s.

On June 27, 2011, the Company commenced tender offers (the “tender offers”) to purchase for cash up to a total of $500 million aggregate principal amount of its outstanding 5.375% notes due 2014 (the “2014 Notes”) and 5.750% notes due 2015 (the “2015 Notes” and together with the 2014 Notes, the “Outstanding Notes”), of which $650 million and $750 million, respectively, were then outstanding.

On July 15, 2011, the Company purchased a total of $600 million of the Outstanding Notes, $330 million of its 2014 Notes and $270 million of its 2015 Notes. The Company acquired the notes at fair value plus a tender premium, which exceeded its carrying value. A charge of approximately $73 million will be recorded in the Consolidated Statement of Income in the third quarter of 2011 related to the extinguishment of this debt.

The Company used proceeds from the issuance of 4.80% ten-year $500 million senior notes in the third quarter of 2011 and cash on hand to fund the amounts associated with the tendered bonds.

During 2011, the Company repurchased approximately 7.8 million shares of its common stock for a total consideration of approximately $235 million at an average price per share of $30.10. The Company remains authorized to repurchase additional shares of its common stock up to a

 

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value of $179 million. There is no time limit on this authorization.

Investing Cash Flows

Cash used for investing activities amounted to $221 million in the first six months of 2011, compared with $153 million used for the same period in 2010.

The Company made five acquisitions in the first six months of 2011. Cash used for these acquisitions, net of cash acquired, was approximately $98 million. In addition, in the second quarter of 2011, the Company paid $15 million of deferred purchase consideration related to acquisitions made in prior years. Cash paid for acquisitions, net of cash acquired, in the first six months of 2010 was $198 million, including $14 million of deferred purchase consideration related to acquisitions made in prior periods. Remaining deferred cash payments of $182 million for acquisitions completed in the first six months of 2011 and in prior years are recorded in accounts payable and accrued liabilities or other liabilities in the consolidated balance sheet at June 30, 2011. Cash generated from the disposition of KLS was $110 million in the first quarter of 2010.

The Company’s additions to fixed assets and capitalized software, which amounted to $142 million in the first six months of 2011 compared with $143 million in the first six months of 2010, primarily related to computer equipment purchases, the refurbishing and modernizing of office facilities and software development costs.

The Company has committed to potential future investments of approximately $80 million in connection with its investments in Trident II and other funds managed by Stone Point Capital. The majority of the Company’s investment commitments for funds managed by Stone Point are related to Trident II, the investment period for which is now closed for new investments and follow-on investments. Any remaining capital calls for Trident II would relate to management fees or other partnership expenses, if necessary. Significant future capital calls related to Trident II are not expected. Although it is anticipated that Trident II will be harvesting its remaining portfolio, the timing of any portfolio company sales and capital distributions is unknown and not controlled by the Company.

Commitments and Obligations

The Company’s contractual obligations of the types identified in the table below were of the following amounts as of June 30, 2011 (dollars in millions):

 

      Payment due by Period  
Contractual Obligations    Total     

Within

1 Year

     1-3 Years      4-5 Years     

After

5 Years

 

Current portion of long-term debt

     $   260         $260         $   —         $      —         $      —   

Long-term debt

     2,777                 269         1,421         1,087   

Interest on long-term debt

     1,419         185         325         237         672   

Net operating leases

     2,413         350         572         429