FREMONT, Calif., Feb. 19, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- AXT, Inc. (NasdaqGS: AXTI), a leading manufacturer of compound semiconductor substrates, today reported financial results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year, ended December 31, 2019.
Fourth Quarter 2019 Results
Revenue for the fourth quarter of 2019 was $18.4 million, compared with $19.8 million in the third quarter of 2019 and $22.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.
Gross margin was 21.0 percent of revenue for the fourth quarter of 2019, compared with 29.0 percent of revenue in the third quarter of 2019 and 26.3 percent for the fourth quarter of 2018. The decline in gross margin was driven by a decline in manufacturing efficiencies and yields associated with two new products for AXT: six-inch indium phosphide substrates and a new six-inch germanium product configuration for a large customer. These products address new market opportunities for AXT and the company believes it will drive improvements in manufacturing yields and efficiencies in the coming quarters. Additional items that contributed to the sequential decline were lower gross margins on consolidated raw material revenue and adjustments to inventory.
Operating expenses were $6.7 million in the fourth quarter of 2019, compared with $6.2 million in the third quarter of 2019 and $6.5 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.
Operating loss for the fourth quarter of 2019 was $2.8 million compared with operating loss of $0.5 million in the third quarter of 2019 and $0.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.
Interest and other, net was a gain of $0.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2019, compared with a de minimis gain in the third quarter of 2019 and a loss of $0.4 million for the fourth quarter of 2018. Interest and other, net for the fourth quarter of 2019 included de minimis interest earnings, a foreign exchange gain of $0.2 million, a net loss of $0.2 million from the partially owned companies in the company’s supply chain accounted for under the equity method, and other income of $0.8 million. Other income included provincial government agency awards for relocation.
Benefit from income taxes in the fourth quarter of 2019 was $0.2 million compared with a de minimis charge in the third quarter of 2019 and a benefit of $0.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2018.
Net loss in the fourth quarter of 2019 was $2.0 million, or $0.05 per share, compared with a net loss of $0.9 million or $0.02 per share in the third quarter of 2019 and $1.1 million or $0.03 per share for the fourth quarter of 2018.
Fiscal Year 2019 Results (January 1 to December 31)
Revenue for fiscal year 2019 was $83.3 million, compared with $102.4 million in fiscal year 2018.
Gross margin for fiscal year 2019 was 29.8 percent of revenue, compared with 36.2 percent of revenue in fiscal year 2018.
Operating expenses for fiscal year 2019 were $25.1 million, compared with $24.9 million in fiscal year 2018.
Net interest and other income for fiscal year 2019 was a loss of $0.7 million, compared with a loss of $0.2 million in fiscal year 2018.
Income tax expense for fiscal 2019 was $0.6 million compared with $0.9 million in fiscal year 2018.
Net loss in fiscal year 2019 was $2.6 million, or $0.07 per share, compared with a net income of $9.7 million, or $0.24 per diluted share, in fiscal year 2018.
Management Qualitative Comments
“Q4 capped off a challenging year in which we weathered one of the most difficult demand environments in recent memory,” said Morris Young, chief executive officer. “Overall, this had a negative impact on key applications and certain customers within AXT’s gallium arsenide and germanium businesses, making up the majority of our year-over-year revenue decline. Despite these more challenging conditions, our indium phosphide business exceeded our expectations in Q4, and finished 2019 with modest growth over the prior year.”
“As we move into 2020, AXT is poised for growth and improvement in our financial results. Our indium phosphide business is healthy, with exciting applications contributing today, and new ones on the horizon. Our gallium arsenide and germanium businesses are also well positioned to benefit from a recovery. We are pleased to report that we expect to complete the qualification of our Dingxing facility by major customers in Q1. We believe this will open the door to incremental business opportunities from new and returning customers.”
The company will host a conference call to discuss these results today at 1:30 p.m. PT. The conference call can be accessed at (844) 892-6598 (passcode 9179371). The call will also be simulcast on the Internet at www.axt.com. Replays will be available at (855) 859-2056 (passcode 9179371) until February 25, 2020. Financial and statistical information to be discussed in the call will be available on the company's website immediately prior to commencement of the call. Additional investor information can be accessed at http://www.axt.com or by calling the company's Investor Relations Department at (510) 438-4700.
About AXT, Inc.
AXT is a material science company that develops and manufactures high-performance compound and single element semiconductor substrate wafers comprising indium phosphide (InP), gallium arsenide (GaAs) and germanium (Ge). The company’s substrate wafers are used when a typical silicon substrate wafer cannot meet the performance requirements of a semiconductor or optoelectronic device. End markets include 5G infrastructure, data center connectivity (silicon photonics), passive optical networks, LED lighting, lasers, sensors, power amplifiers for wireless devices and satellite solar cells. AXT’s worldwide headquarters are in Fremont, California where the company maintains its sales, administration and customer service functions. AXT has manufacturing facilities in China and, as part of its supply chain strategy, has partial ownership in ten companies in China producing raw materials. For more information, see AXT’s website at http://www.axt.com.
Safe Harbor Statement
The foregoing paragraphs contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Federal securities laws, including, for example, statements regarding the market demand for our products, our growth prospects and opportunities for continued business expansion, our market opportunity, our relocation and our expectations with respect to our business prospects and financial results. These forward-looking statements are based upon assumptions that are subject to uncertainties and factors relating to the company’s operations and business environment, which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the forward-looking statements contained in the foregoing discussion. These uncertainties and factors include but are not limited to: the timing and receipt of significant orders; the cancellation of orders and return of product; emerging applications using chips or devices fabricated on our substrates; end-user acceptance of products containing chips or devices fabricated on our substrates; our ability to bring new products to market; product announcements by our competitors; the ability to control costs and improve efficiency; the ability to utilize our manufacturing capacity; product yields and their impact on gross margins; the relocation of manufacturing lines; possible factory shutdowns as a result of air pollution in China; tariffs and other trade war issues; the financial performance of our partially owned supply chain companies; policies and regulations in China and other factors as set forth in the company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and other filings made with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Each of these factors is difficult to predict and many are beyond the company’s control. The company does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.
FINANCIAL TABLES TO FOLLOW
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)
|Three Months Ended||Twelve Months Ended|
|December 31,||December 31,|
|Cost of revenue||14,545||16,382||58,431||65,350|
|Selling, general and administrative||5,058||5,179||19,305||19,003|
|Research and development||1,607||1,309||5,834||5,897|
|Total operating expenses||6,665||6,488||25,139||24,900|
|Income (loss) from operations||(2,800||)||(638||)||(314||)||12,147|
|Interest income, net||2||114||217||528|
|Equity in loss of unconsolidated joint ventures||(226||)||(1,059||)||(1,876||)||(1,080||)|
|Other income (expense), net||1,002||531||947||352|
|Income (loss) before provision for (benefit from) income taxes||(2,022||)||(1,052||)||(1,026||)||11,947|
|Provision for (benefit from) income taxes||(214||)||(173||)||562||938|
|Net income (loss)||(1,808||)||(879||)||(1,588||)||11,009|
|Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests||(241||)||(182||)||(1,012||)||(1,355||)|
|Net income (loss) attributable to AXT, Inc.||$||(2,049||)||$||(1,061||)||$||(2,600||)||$||9,654|
|Net income (loss) attributable to AXT, Inc. per common share:|
|Weighted-average number of common shares outstanding:|
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited, in thousands)
|December 31,||December 31,|
|Cash and cash equivalents||$||26,892||$||16,526|
|Accounts receivable, net||19,031||19,586|
|Prepaid expenses and other current assets||8,703||11,728|
|Total current assets||113,205||128,540|
|Property, plant and equipment, net||97,403||82,280|
|Operating lease right-of-use assets||2,938||—|
|LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY|
|Total current liabilities||27,526||28,709|
|Noncurrent operating lease liabilities||2,695||—|
|Other long-term liabilities||366||283|
|Additional paid-in capital||236,957||234,418|
|Accumulated other comprehensive loss||(4,862||)||(1,972||)|
|Total AXT, Inc. stockholders’ equity||187,885||190,835|
|Total stockholders’ equity||192,762||194,532|
|Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity||$||223,349||$||223,524|
Chief Financial Officer
Green Communications Consulting, LLC