Amneal Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NYSE: AMRX) today announced positive topline results from the pivotal Phase 3 RISE-PD clinical trial that evaluated the novel formulation, IPX-203, in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) who have motor fluctuations. The trial met its primary endpoint, demonstrating superior “Good On” time from baseline in hours per day at the end of the 13-week double-blind treatment period with IPX-203 CD/LD extended-release capsules compared with immediate-release CD/LD. Based on these topline results plus other supportive data, Amneal plans to submit a New Drug Application (NDA) for IPX-203 with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in mid-2022.
Phase 3 topline results showed the study was successful in demonstrating statistically significant improvement in efficacy for IPX-203 compared to immediate-release CD/LD, even when IPX-203 was dosed on average 3 times per day and immediate-release CD/LD was dosed on average 5 times per day. IPX-203 treatment resulted in 0.53 more hours of “Good On” time than immediate-release CD/LD (p=0.0194), when comparing change from baseline (Week 7) in both study arms.
The secondary endpoint for change from baseline in “Off” time showed IPX-203 resulted in significantly less “Off” time compared with immediate-release CD/LD (-0.48 hr, p=0.0252). In addition, analysis of the secondary endpoint for Patients' Global Impression of Change (PGI-C) scores showed 29.7% of patients treated with IPX-203 were “much improved” or “very much improved” compared with 18.8% of patients treated with immediate-release CD/LD (p=0.0015). IPX-203 change from baseline scores for Movement Disorder Society - Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) part III or sum of MDS-UPDRS Part II and III were similar to those of immediate-release CD/LD.
A post-hoc analysis of Least Squares Mean difference at Week 20 (EOS/ET) showed IPX-203 increased “Good On” time by 1.55 hours per dose compared with immediate-release CD/LD (p<0.0001).
Table 1. RISE-PD efficacy results: Primary and key secondary endpoints
Mean “Good On” time (h)
Mean “Off” time (h)
Percentage of patients who reported “much improved” or “very much improved” scores on the PGI-C scale
Mean MDS-UPDRS part III score
Mean MDS-UPDRS Sum of part II + III score
∆ = p-value based on change from Week 7 (Baseline) to Week 20 (End of Study or Early Termination [EOS/ET])
□ = p-value based on comparison of treatments at Week 20 (EOS/ET)
The trial was conducted at 108 clinical sites in the U.S. and European countries, including Czechia, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom. The study randomized 506 patients with PD age 40 and older. The study design was reviewed by the FDA and conducted pursuant to a Special Protocol Assessment.
In the randomized patient population, eight (3.1%) subjects reported serious adverse events (SAEs) in the IPX-203 study arm and four (1.6%) subjects reported SAEs in the immediate-release CD/LD arm. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were reported for both study arms (108 [42.2%] for IPX-203, 79 [31.6%] for immediate-release CD/LD). The most common AEs (≥3%) were nausea, dry mouth, urinary tract infection, and fall.
“Despite the introduction of several new medications for Parkinson’s disease in recent years, new treatment options are needed that provide longer-lasting duration of benefit with each dose and simplify medication regimens for patients affected by this devastating disease,” Alberto Espay, MD, FAAN, Professor of Neurology at the University of Cincinnati, Director of James J. and Joan A. Gardner Family Center, and Research Chair for Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders.
“The topline data from RISE-PD indicates that IPX-203 has the potential to offer patients superior ‘Good On’ time with reduced dosing frequency, compared to immediate-release CD/LD,” said Robert A. Hauser, M.D., Professor of Neurology at the University of South Florida and Director of the Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Center.
“These positive data from the Phase 3 trial of IPX-203 represent a substantial step forward in strengthening Amneal’s Specialty Pharma portfolio, which is heavily focused on medicines for central nervous system disorders,” said Chirag and Chintu Patel, Co-Chief Executive Officers, Amneal. “We look forward to submitting an NDA with the FDA and potentially making this treatment available to the PD community.”
Conference Call Details
Amneal will host a conference call today, Wednesday, August 25, 2021, at 4:30 p.m. ET that will feature members of Amneal’s management team as well as Alberto Espay, MD, MSc, FAAN, FANA (University of Cincinnati), and Robert A Hauser, MD, MBA, FAAN (University of South Florida) to discuss topline results from the pivotal Phase 3 RISE-PD clinical trial. The presentation will be followed by a live Q&A session.
Please visit https://lifesci.rampard.com/WebcastingAppv5/Events/eventsDispatcher.jsp?Y2lk=MTM2Mg== to register and access the live webinar. A replay will be made available on the company’s website for six months. The presentation materials will be posted on the Investor Relations website following the conclusion of the event.
About the Pivotal Phase 3 RISE-PD Trial
The multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled, parallel-group RISE-PD trial evaluated the efficacy and safety of IPX-203 CD/LD extended-release capsules compared with immediate-release CD/LD in the treatment of patients with PD who have motor fluctuations.
The trial consisted of a 3-week, open-label immediate-release CD/LD dose adjustment period and a 4-week, open-label period for conversion to IPX-203. This was followed by a 13-week double-blind treatment period in which patients were randomized 1:1 to receive either IPX-203 (with matching immediate-release CD/LD placebo) or immediate-release CD/LD (with matching IPX-203 placebo). Baseline for all endpoints was Week 7 (Visit 4), which occurred pre-randomization.
The primary endpoint of the trial assessed the change from baseline in “Good On” time in hours per day at the end of the double-blind treatment period (Week 20 or early termination). “Good On” time is defined as the sum of “On” time without dyskinesia and “On” time with non-troublesome dyskinesia. Secondary endpoints assessed the change from baseline in “Off” time in hours per day, proportion of patients who were either “much improved” or “very much improved” in Patients' Global Impression of Change (PGI-C) scores, change from baseline in the Movement Disorder Society - Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) Part III score, and the change from baseline in sum of MDS-UPDRS Parts II and III scores.
The trial was conducted at 108 clinical sites in the U.S. and European countries, including Czechia, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom. The study randomized 506 patients with PD age 40 and older. The study design was reviewed by the FDA and conducted pursuant to a Special Protocol Assessment. A nine-month safety extension study is ongoing.
IPX-203 is a novel, oral formulation of CD/LD extended-release capsules for patients with PD who have motor fluctuations. IPX-203 was developed with an innovative formulation that contains immediate-release and extended-release granules, and mucoadhesive polymers, to provide rapid absorption and maximize levodopa absorption. This formulation is distinct from RYTARY® (carbidopa/levodopa) extended-release capsules, Amneal’s extended-release CD/LD treatment for PD approved by the U.S. FDA in 2015.
Amneal Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NYSE: AMRX), headquartered in Bridgewater, NJ, is a fully-integrated pharmaceutical company focused on the development, manufacturing and distribution of generic and specialty drug products. The Company has operations in North America, Asia, and Europe, working together to bring high-quality medicines to patients primarily within the United States.
Amneal has an extensive portfolio of approximately 250 generic product families and is expanding its portfolio to include complex dosage forms, including biosimilars, in a broad range of therapeutic areas. The Company also markets a portfolio of branded pharmaceutical products through its Specialty segment focused principally on central nervous system and endocrine disorders.
The Company also owns 65% of AvKARE. AvKARE provides pharmaceuticals, medical and surgical products and services primarily to governmental agencies, primarily focused on serving the Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs. AvKARE is also a packager and wholesale distributor of pharmaceuticals and vitamins to its retail and institutional customers who are located throughout the United States focused primarily on offering 340b-qualified entities products to provide consistency in care and pricing. For more information, visit www.amneal.com.
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