document_10k.htm

 
 

 

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

(X)
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 26, 2008

OR
(  )
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 
For the transition period from __________ to __________


Commission File Number 1-8022
 
CSX CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Virginia
 
62-1051971
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
     
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
500 Water Street, 15th Floor, Jacksonville, FL
 
32202
 
(904) 359-3200
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
 
(Telephone number, including area code)
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
Title of each class
 
Name of exchange on which registered
Common Stock, $1 Par Value
 
New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer (as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act).
Yes (X) No (  )

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.
Yes (  ) No (X)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes (X)   No (  )

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  ( )

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer or a non-accelerated filer (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).
Large Accelerated Filer (X)              Accelerated Filer (  )              Non-accelerated Filer (  )

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).
Yes (  ) No (X)

On June 27, 2008 (which is the last day of the second quarter and the required date to use), the aggregate market value of the Registrant’s voting stock held by non-affiliates was approximately $25.2 billion (based on the New York Stock Exchange closing price on such date).

There were 399,254,173 shares of Common Stock outstanding on January 30, 2009 (the latest practicable date that is closest to the filing date).

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the Registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement (the “Proxy Statement”) to be filed no later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year with respect to its annual meeting of shareholders scheduled to be held on May 6, 2009.
1

 CSX CORPORATION
 
FORM 10-K
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
         
 
Page
PART I
1.
3
 
8
 
14
2.
14
3.
19
4.
   
         
PART II
5.
 
   
23
6.
26
7.
 
   
28
 
28
 
30
 
33
 
36
 
48
 
51
 
52
 
52
7A.
63
8.
66
9.
 
   
138
9A.
138
9B.
140
PART III
10.
141
11.
141
12.
141
13.
141
14.
141
         
PART IV
15.
142
         
150


 
2

CSX CORPORATION
PART I


Item 1.  Business by Segment

CSX Corporation (“CSX”) together with its subsidiaries (the “Company”), based in Jacksonville, Florida, is one of the nation's leading transportation suppliers.  The Company’s rail and intermodal businesses provide rail-based transportation services including traditional rail service and the transport of intermodal containers and trailers.

Rail

CSX’s principal operating company, CSX Transportation, Inc. (“CSXT”), provides a crucial link to the transportation supply chain through its approximately 21,000 route mile rail network, which serves major population centers in 23 states east of the Mississippi River, the District of Columbia, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.  It serves 70 ocean, river and lake ports along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts, the Mississippi River, the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Seaway.  CSXT also serves thousands of production and distribution facilities through track connections to more than 230 short-line and regional railroads.

Other Entities

In addition to CSXT, the rail segment includes Total Distribution Services, Inc. (“TDSI”), Transflo Terminal Services, Inc. (“Transflo”), CSX Technology, Inc. (“CSX Technology”) and other subsidiaries.  TDSI serves the automotive industry with distribution centers and storage locations, while Transflo provides logistical solutions for transferring products from rail to trucks.  Technology and other support services are provided by CSX Technology and other subsidiaries.

Intermodal

CSX Intermodal, Inc. (“Intermodal”), one of the nation’s largest coast-to-coast intermodal transportation providers, is a stand-alone, integrated intermodal company linking customers to railroads via trucks and terminals.  Containers and trailers are loaded and unloaded from trains, and trucks provide the link between intermodal terminals and the customer.

Lines of Business

Together, the rail and intermodal segments generated $11.3 billion of revenue during 2008 and served four primary lines of business:

 
·
The merchandise business is the most diverse market with nearly 2.5 million carloads per year of aggregates, which include crushed stone, sand and gravel, metal, phosphate, fertilizer, food, consumer, agricultural, paper and chemical products.  The merchandise business generated approximately 49% of the Company’s revenue in 2008 and 37% of volume.


 
3

CSX CORPORATION
PART I


 
·
Coal, which delivered approximately 1.9 million carloads of coal, coke and iron ore to electricity generating power plants, ocean, river and lake piers and terminals, steel makers and industrial plants, accounted for approximately 29% of the Company’s revenue in 2008 and 28% of volume.  The Company transports almost one-third of every ton of coal used for generating electricity in the areas it serves.

 
·
Automotive, which delivers finished vehicles and auto parts, generated approximately 7% of the Company’s revenue and 5% of the Company’s volume in 2008.  The Company delivers approximately 30% of North America’s light vehicles, serving both traditional manufacturers and the increasing number of global manufacturers. 

 
·
Intermodal offers a competitive cost advantage over long-haul trucking by combining the economics of rail transportation with the short-haul flexibility of trucks.  Through its network of more than 50 terminals, Intermodal serves all major markets east of the Mississippi River and transports mainly manufactured consumer goods in containers, providing customers with truck-like service for longer shipments.  For 2008, Intermodal accounted for approximately 13% of the Company’s total revenue and 30% of volume.

Other revenue, which includes revenue from regional railroads, demurrage, switching and other incidental charges, accounted for 2% of the Company’s total 2008 revenue.  Revenue from regional railroads includes shipments by railroads that the Company does not directly operate.  Demurrage represents charges assessed by railroads when shippers or receivers of freight hold railcars beyond a specified period of time.  Switching revenue is generated when CSXT switches cars between trains for a customer or another railroad.

Other Businesses

CSX’s other holdings include CSX Real Property, Inc., a subsidiary responsible for the Company’s real estate sales, leasing, acquisition and management and development activities, and the Greenbrier Hotel Corporation, formerly known as CSX Hotels, Inc., a resort doing business as The Greenbrier.  These items are classified in other income because they are not considered by the Company to be operating activities and results may fluctuate with the timing of real estate sales and resort seasonality.  See Note 9, Other Income, for more information related to the Company’s investment in The Greenbrier resort.

Financial Information about Operating Segments

See Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations for operating revenue, operating income and total assets by segment for each of the last three fiscal years.

 
4

CSX CORPORATION
PART I


 
Company History
 
A leader in freight rail transportation for more than 180 years, the Company’s roots date back to the early nineteenth century when The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company (“B&O”) – the nation’s first common carrier – was chartered in 1827. Since that time, the Company has built on the foundation laid by early pioneers who had a vision to create a railroad that could safely and reliably service the ever-increasing demands of a growing nation.

Since its founding, numerous railroads have combined with the former B&O through merger and consolidation to create what has become CSX.  Each of the railroads that combined into the CSX family brought unique and valuable geographical reach to new markets, gateways, cities, ports and transportation corridors.

CSX was incorporated in 1978 under Virginia law. In 1980, the Company completed the merger of the Chessie System (“Chessie”) and Seaboard Coast Line Industries (“Seaboard”) into CSX.  The merger allowed the Company to connect northern population centers and Appalachian coal fields to growing southeastern markets. In 1986, the Chessie and Seaboard operating entities were transferred to the rail entity CSXT, which was created through the merger.  Intermodal was originally formed in 1986 in order to provide nationwide, door-to-door intermodal service.

In 1997, CSXT and Norfolk Southern Railway jointly acquired the rights to operate Conrail, Inc. (“Conrail”) and then in 2004, CSXT acquired an allocated portion of Conrail’s assets, which CSXT operated.  Conrail was formed in 1976 from several financially troubled northeast railroads to restructure and revive the region’s railroads.  The Company’s acquisition of key portions of Conrail allows CSXT to link the northeast, including New England and the New York metropolitan area, with Chicago, midwest markets and the growing areas in the southeast that were already served by CSXT.  This current rail network allows the Company to directly serve every major market in the eastern United States with dependable, environmentally friendly and fuel efficient freight transportation and intermodal service.

 
5

CSX CORPORATION
PART I


Regulatory Environment

The Company's operations are subject to a variety of federal, state and local laws and regulations, generally applicable to many businesses in the United States.  The railroad operations conducted by the Company's subsidiaries, including CSXT, are subject in many respects to the regulatory jurisdiction of the Surface Transportation Board (“STB”), the Federal Railroad Administration (“FRA”), and its sister agency within the U.S. Department of Transportation (“DOT”), the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (“PHMSA”).  Together, FRA and PHMSA have broad jurisdiction over railroad operating standards and practices, including track, freight cars and locomotives, and hazardous materials requirements.  Additionally, the Transportation Security Administration (“TSA”), a component of the Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”), has broad authority over railroad operating practices that may include homeland security implications.  In some cases, state and local laws and regulations can be preempted in their application to railroads by the operation of these and other federal authorities.

Decisions of these and other agencies can affect the profitability of the Company’s business.  For further discussion on regulatory risks to the Company, see Item 1A. Risk Factors beginning on page 8.

Although the Staggers Act of 1980 significantly deregulated rail rates and much of the rail traffic of the Company's subsidiaries is currently exempt from rate regulation by agency decision, the STB has broad jurisdiction over railroad commercial practices, including some railroad rates.  This includes jurisdiction over freight car charges, the transfer, extension or abandonment of rail lines, rates charged on certain regulated rail traffic and any acquisition of control over rail common carriers.  In 2008, for example, the STB issued a decision modifying its policies governing certain contractual terms sometimes used in sales of rail lines.  See Note 6, Commitments and Contingencies for further information.

In 2008, Congress enacted the Rail Safety Improvement Act.  The legislation includes a mandate that all Class I freight railroads implement a positive train control system (“PTC”) by December 31, 2015.  PTC must be installed on all main lines with passenger and computer operations as well as those over which toxic-by-inhalation hazardous materials (“TIH”) are transported.  Implementation of a PTC system is designed to prevent train-to-train collisions, over-speed derailments, incursions into established work-zone limits, and a train from diverting off-course onto another set of tracks through a switch left in a wrong position.  Significant capital costs are anticipated with the implementation of PTC as well as ongoing operating expenses.

  Also in 2008, the TSA issued rules that apply to the transportation of certain kinds of highly hazardous materials.  The new rules place significant new security and safety requirements on passenger and freight railroad carriers, rail transit systems, and facilities that ship hazardous materials by rail.

 
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CSX CORPORATION
PART I

 
Competition
 
The business environment in which the Company operates is highly competitive.  Shippers typically select transportation providers that offer the most compelling combination of service and price.  Service requirements, both in terms of transit time and reliability, vary by shipper and commodity. As a result, the Company’s primary competition varies by commodity, geographic location and mode of available transportation.

CSXT’s primary rail competitor is Norfolk Southern Railway, which operates throughout much of CSX’s territory.   Other railroads also operate in parts of CSXT’s  territory.  Depending on the specific market, competing railroads and deregulated motor carriers may exert pressure on price and service levels.  For further discussion on the risk of competition to the Company, see Item 1A. Risk Factors beginning on page 8.

Other Information

CSX makes available on its website www.csx.com, free of charge, its annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and all amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after such reports are filed with or furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Additionally, the Company has posted its code of ethics on its website, which is also available to any shareholder who requests it.  This Form 10-K and other SEC filings made by CSX are also accessible through the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov.

CSX has included the certifications of its Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and the Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”) regarding the Company’s public disclosure required by Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (“the Act”) as Exhibit 31, as well as Section 906 of the Act as Exhibit 32 to this Form 10-K report. Additionally, on October 23, 2008, CSX filed its annual CEO certification with the New York Stock Exchange (“NYSE”) confirming CSX’s compliance with the NYSE Corporate Governance Listing Standards.  The CEO was not aware of any violations of these standards by CSX as of January 30, 2009 (the latest practicable date that is closest to the filing of this Form 10-K).  This certification is also included as Exhibit 99 to this Form 10-K.

The Company’s annual average number of employees was approximately 34,000 in 2008, which includes approximately 29,000 union employees.  Most of the Company’s employees provide or support transportation services.  The information set forth in Item 6. Selected Financial Data is incorporated herein by reference.

For additional information concerning business conducted by the Company during 2008, see Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data - Note 17 Business Segments.


 
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CSX CORPORATION
PART I


Item 1A.  Risk Factors

The following risk factors could have a materially adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or liquidity, and could cause those results to differ materially from those expressed or implied in the Company’s forward-looking statements.  Although the risks described below are those that management believes are the most significant, these are not the only risks facing the Company.  Additional risks and uncertainties not currently known to the Company or that the Company currently does not deem to be material also may materially impact the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.

New legislation or regulatory changes could impact the Company’s earnings or restrict its ability to independently negotiate prices.

Political changes could result in legislative or regulatory changes that impose new burdens on the Company, increase operating costs, reduce operating efficiency or limit revenues.  Legislation passed by Congress or new regulations issued by federal agencies can significantly affect the revenues, costs and profitability of the Company’s business.  The railroad industry is vulnerable to economic re-regulation by Congress, which could have a significant negative impact on the Company’s ability to determine prices for rail services and would likely force a reduction in capital spending.  For example, statutes imposing price or labor constraints or affecting rail-to-rail competition could adversely affect the Company’s profitability.  Also, additional regulations related to environmental matters such as greenhouse gas emissions could increase the Company’s operating costs or reduce operating efficiencies or impact the business of CSX customers.

Government regulation and compliance risks may affect the Company’s operations and financial results.

The Company is subject to the jurisdiction of various regulatory agencies, including the STB, the FRA and other state and federal regulatory agencies for a variety of economic, health, safety, labor, environmental, tax, legal and other matters.  The FRA regulates several of the Company’s core operations including track and mechanical equipment standards, signaling systems, inspection of grade crossing warning devices, locomotive engineer certifications and employee injury reporting, among other areas.

In addition, the DOT and DHS have crafted rules requiring new safety measures and security protocols.  These regulations will increase operational costs and affect freight transportation routes.  Legislation recently enacted by Congress will also increase compliance risks.  The Rail Safety Improvement Act of 2008 imposes limits on employee work hours and may result in higher operating costs for the Company.

Noncompliance with applicable laws or regulations could erode public confidence in the Company and can subject the Company to fines, penalties and other legal or regulatory sanctions.  In addition, a change in these regulations could increase operating costs and reduce operating efficiency.


 
8

CSX CORPORATION
PART I


General economic conditions could negatively impact demand for commodities and other freight.
 
The current economic environment has impacted demand for rail and intermodal services.  Further decline in general domestic and global economic conditions that affect demand for the commodities that the Company carries or that lead to bankruptcies or liquidations of one or more large customers of the Company could reduce the Company’s revenues, increase its bad debt expense, reduce its ability to make capital expenditures or have other adverse effects.  Because certain of the Company’s customers are in the automotive, housing and other industries, continued weakness or further downturns in these sectors could adversely affect the Company’s operating results.
 
Weaknesses in the capital and credit markets could negatively impact the Company’s access to capital.
 
The Company is in a capital intensive industry that requires continuing infrastructure improvements and acquisition of capital assets.  The Company from time to time accesses the credit markets for additional liquidity.  Credit markets have recently experienced adverse conditions, increasing the costs associated with issuing debt.  These conditions may further increase the Company’s funding costs, limit the Company’s ability to sell debt securities on acceptable terms and impede the Company’s attempts to revise its current debt arrangements as contemplated.
 
CSXT, as a common carrier by rail, is required by law to transport hazardous materials, which could expose the Company to significant costs and claims.

Under federal regulations, CSXT is required to transport hazardous materials under its common carrier obligation.  A train accident involving the transport of hazardous materials could result in significant claims arising from personal injury, property damage, and environmental penalties and remediation.  Such claims could exceed existing insurance coverage or insurance may not continue to be available at commercially reasonable rates.  CSXT is also required to comply with regulations regarding the handling of hazardous materials.

In November 2008, the TSA issued final rules placing significant new security and safety requirements on passenger and freight railroad carriers, rail transit systems, and facilities that ship hazardous materials by rail.  Noncompliance with these rules can subject the Company to significant penalties and could be a factor in litigation arising out of a train accident.  Finally, legislation preventing the transport of hazardous materials through certain cities could result in network congestion and increase the length of haul for hazardous substances, which could result in increased operating costs, reduced operating efficiency or increase the risk of an accident involving the transport of hazardous materials.

 
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CSX CORPORATION
PART I


 
Future acts of terrorism, war or regulatory changes to combat the risk of terrorism may cause significant disruptions in the Company’s operations.
 
Terrorist attacks, along with any government response to those attacks, may adversely affect the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.  CSXT’s rail lines or other key infrastructure may be direct targets or indirect casualties of acts of terror or war.  This risk could cause significant business interruption and result in increased costs and liabilities and decreased revenues.  In addition, premiums charged for some or all of the insurance coverage currently maintained by the Company could increase dramatically or the coverage may no longer be available.
 
Furthermore, in response to the heightened risk of terrorism, federal, state and local governmental bodies are proposing and, in some cases, have adopted various legislation and regulations relating to security issues that impact the transportation industry.  For example, the DHS adopted regulations that require freight railroads to implement additional security protocols when transporting hazardous materials.  Complying with these regulations could continue to increase the Company’s operating costs and reduce operating efficiencies.

The Company is subject to environmental laws and regulations that may result in significant costs.

The Company’s operations are subject to wide-ranging federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations concerning, among other things, emissions into the air,  discharges into water, the handling, storage, transportation and disposal of waste and other materials and clean-up of hazardous material or petroleum releases.  In certain circumstances, environmental liability can extend to formerly owned or operated properties, leased properties, adjacent properties and properties owned by third parties or Company predecessors, as well as to properties currently owned and used by the Company.

The Company has been, and may be subject to, allegations or findings to the effect that it has violated, or is strictly liable under, environmental laws or regulations, and such violations can result in the Company’s incurring fines, penalties or costs relating to the clean-up of environmental contamination. Although the Company believes it has appropriately recorded current and long-term liabilities for known future environmental costs, it could incur significant costs that exceed reserves or require unanticipated cash expenditures as a result of any of the foregoing and may be required to incur significant expenses to investigate and remediate known, unknown or future environmental contamination.

 
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CSX CORPORATION
PART I


 
Severe weather or other natural occurrences could result in significant business interruptions and expenditures in excess of available insurance coverage.
 
The Company’s operations may be affected by external factors such as severe weather and other natural occurrences, including floods, fires, hurricanes and earthquakes.  Insurance maintained by the Company to protect against loss of business and other related consequences resulting from these natural occurrences is subject to limitations on coverage, depending on the nature of the risk insured against. This insurance may not be sufficient to cover all of the Company’s damages or damages to others and this insurance may not continue to be available at commercially reasonable rates. Even with insurance, if any natural occurrence leads to a catastrophic interruption of service, the Company may not be able to restore service without a significant interruption in operations.
 
The Company may be subject to various claims and lawsuits that could result in significant expenditures.
 
The Company is subject to various existing lawsuits, including putative class action litigation alleging violations of antitrust laws and potential unknown litigation.  The Company may experience material judgments or incur significant costs to defend any such lawsuits.  Additionally, existing litigation may suffer adverse developments not currently reflected in the Company’s reserve estimates as the ultimate outcome of existing litigation is subject to numerous factors outside of the Company’s control.  While the Company uses its best efforts to evaluate existing litigation, the final judgments or settlement amounts may differ materially from the recorded reserves.
 
Increases in the number and magnitude of property damage and personal injury claims could adversely affect the Company’s operating results.

The Company faces inherent business risk from exposure to property damage, occupational injury claims, and personal injury claims resulting from train accidents, worker injury claims under the Federal Employers’ Liability Act (“FELA”) and claims from outside parties resulting from the Company’s operations.  The Company could experience material property damage, personal injury or occupational claims in the future and it may incur significant costs to defend such claims.
 
Existing claims may suffer adverse developments not currently reflected in reserve estimates, as the ultimate outcome of existing claims is subject to numerous factors outside of the Company’s control. Although the Company establishes reserves and maintains insurance to cover these types of claims, final amounts determined to be due on any outstanding matters may differ materially from the recorded reserves and exceed the Company’s insurance coverage.
 

 
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CSX CORPORATION
PART I


 
Failure to complete negotiations on collective bargaining agreements could result in strikes and/or work stoppages.
 
Most of CSXT's employees are represented by labor unions and are covered by collective bargaining agreements. Generally speaking, these agreements are bargained nationally by the National Carriers Committee.  In the rail industry, negotiations have generally taken place over a number of years and previously have not resulted in any extended work stoppages.  Over the last 30 years, there were only six days of work stoppage related to labor disputes over national handling.  If the Company is unable to negotiate acceptable agreements, it could result in strikes by the affected workers, loss of business and increased operating costs as a result of higher wages or benefits paid to union members.  Under the Railway Labor Act’s procedures (which include mediation, cooling-off periods and the possibility of Presidential intervention), neither party may take action until the procedures are exhausted.

The Company faces competition from other transportation providers.

The Company experiences competition in the form of pricing, service, reliability and other factors from other transportation providers including railroads and motor carriers that operate similar routes across its service area and, to a less significant extent, barges, ships and pipelines. Transportation providers such as motor carriers and barges utilize public rights-of-way that are built and maintained by governmental entities while CSXT and other railroads must build and maintain rail networks using largely internal resources. Any future improvements or expenditures materially increasing the quality or reducing the cost of alternative modes of transportation, or legislation providing for less stringent size or weight restrictions on trucks, could negatively impact the Company’s competitive position.

Network congestion could have a negative impact on service and operating efficiency.

The Company may experience rail network difficulties related to network capacity, unplanned increases in demand for rail service, increased passenger activities in capacity-constrained areas or regulatory changes impacting when CSXT can transport freight or service routes that could have a negative effect on the Company’s operational fluidity, leading to deterioration of service, asset utilization and overall efficiency. 

The Company relies on the stability and availability of its technology systems to operate its business.

The Company relies on information technology in all aspects of its business.  A significant disruption or failure of the Company’s information technology systems, including computer hardware, software and communications equipment, could result in a service interruption, safety failure, security breach or other operational difficulties.  While the Company has taken steps to mitigate these risks, the performance and reliability of its technology systems are critical to its ability to operate and compete effectively.


 
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CSX CORPORATION
PART I


Disruption of the supply chain could negatively impact operating efficiency and increase costs.

The capital intensive nature and sophistication of core rail equipment (including rolling stock equipment, locomotives, rail, and ties) limits the number of railroad equipment suppliers.  If any of the current manufacturers stops production or experiences a supply shortage, the Company could experience a significant cost increase or material shortage.  In addition, a few critical railroad suppliers are foreign.  Adverse developments in international relations, new trade regulations, disruptions in international shipping, or increases in global demand could make procurement of these supplies more difficult or increase the Company’s operating costs.

Additionally, if a fuel supply shortage were to arise, whether due to the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries or other production restrictions, lower refinery outputs, a disruption of oil imports or otherwise, the Company would be negatively impacted.

 
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CSX CORPORATION
PART I


Item 1B.  Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

Item 2.  Properties by Segment

Rail Property

CSXT’s properties primarily consist of track and its related infrastructure, locomotives and freight cars.  These categories and the geography of the network are described below.

Track and Infrastructure

Serving 23 states, the District of Columbia, and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec, the CSXT rail network serves, among other markets, New York, Philadelphia and Boston in the northeast and mid-Atlantic, the southeast markets of Atlanta, Miami and New Orleans, and the midwestern cities of St. Louis, Memphis and Chicago.

CSXT’s track structure includes main thoroughfares connecting terminals and yards (known as mainline track), track within terminals and switching yards, track adjacent to the mainlines used for passing trains, track connecting the mainline track to customer locations and track that diverts trains from one track to another known as turnouts.  Total track miles are greater than the Company’s approximately 21,000 route miles, which reflect the size of CSXT’s rail network that connects markets, customers and western railroads.  At December 2008, the breakdown of track miles was as follows:

 
Track
 
Miles
Mainline track
26,753
Terminals and switching yards
9,602
Passing sidings and turnouts
969
Total
 37,324

In addition to its physical track structure, CSXT operates numerous yards and terminals.  These serve as the hubs between CSXT and its local customers and as sorting facilities where rail cars often are received, re-sorted and placed onto new outbound trains. 


 
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PART I


The following 36 yards are identified as key to the CSXT system (listed in alphabetical order by state):

 
Rail Yards or Terminals
Birmingham, AL
Detroit, MI
Mobile, AL
Hamlet, NC
Montgomery, AL
Rocky Mount, NC
Baldwin, FL
Buffalo, NY
Moncrief (Jacksonville), FL
Selkirk, NY
Tampa, FL
Syracuse, NY
Atlanta, GA
Cincinnati, OH
East Savannah, GA
Cleveland, OH
Waycross, GA
Columbus, OH
Avon (Indianapolis), IN
Stanley (Toledo), OH
Chicago, IL
Walbridge (Toledo), OH
Evansville, IN
Willard, OH
Louisville, KY
Greenwich (Philadelphia), PA
Russell, KY
Charleston, SC
New Orleans, LA
Florence, SC
Cumberland, MD
Erwin, TN
Curtis Bay (Baltimore), MD
Nashville, TN
Locust Point (Baltimore), MD
Richmond, VA

For a list of Intermodal’s terminals, see page 18.

Network Geography

CSXT’s rail operations are primarily focused on four major transportation networks and corridors which are defined geographically and by commodity flows below.

Coal Network – The CSXT coal network connects the coal mining operations in nine eastern states with industrial areas in the northeast and mid-Atlantic, as well as many river, lake, and deep water port facilities.  Coal is used to generate more than half of the electricity in the United States. CSXT’s coal network is well positioned to supply utility markets in both the northeast and southeast.

Southeastern Corridor – This critical part of the network runs between CSXT’s western gateways of Chicago, St. Louis and Memphis through the cities of Nashville, Birmingham, and Atlanta and markets in the southeast.  The corridor provides direct rail service between the coal reserves of the southern Illinois basin and the increasing demand for coal in the southeast. The Southeastern Corridor is the premier rail route connecting these key cities, gateways, and markets and positions CSXT well to efficiently handle projected traffic volumes of intermodal, coal, automotive and general merchandise traffic.


 
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Interstate 90 (I-90) Corridor – This CSXT corridor links Chicago and metropolitan areas in New York and New England.  This route, also known as the “waterlevel route”, has minimal hills and grades and nearly all of it has two main tracks (referred to as double track).  These superior engineering attributes permit the corridor to support consistent, high-speed intermodal, automotive and merchandise service.  This corridor is a primary route for import traffic moving eastward across the country, through Chicago and into the population centers in the northeast.  The I-90 Corridor is also a critical link between ports in New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania and consumption markets in the midwest.

Interstate 95 (I-95) Corridor – The CSXT I-95 Corridor connects Charleston, Jacksonville, Miami and many other cities throughout the southeast with the heavily populated northeastern cities of Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York.  CSXT primarily transports food and consumer products, as well as metals and chemicals along this line.  It is the only rail corridor along the eastern seaboard south of Washington, D.C., and provides access to all the major eastern ports.

Locomotives

CSXT focuses on maximum use of its fleet and prudent investment in new units to drive the rail network.  Better locomotive management can help CSXT move freight more efficiently, while continued investment in CSXT’s power source can enable CSXT to operate more locomotives better.

CSXT operates more than 4,000 locomotives, of which over 95% are owned by CSXT.  Freight locomotives are the power source used primarily to pull rail cars.  Switching locomotives are used in yards to sort railcars so that the right railcar gets attached to the right train in order to get it to its final destination.  Auxiliary units are typically used to provide extra traction for heavy trains in hilly terrain.  At December 2008, CSXT’s fleet of owned and long-term leased locomotives consisted of the following types of locomotives:

 
 
Locomotives
 
%
Freight
 3,600
 
87%
Switching
 322
 
8%
Auxiliary Units
 221
 
5%
Total
 4,143
 
100%



 
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The table below indicates the number and year built for locomotives owned or on long-term lease at December 2008.
         
Year Built
 
 Locomotives
 
%
1989 and before
 
 2,021
 
50%
1990 - 1994
 
 541
 
13%
1995 - 1999
 
 601
 
15%
2000 - 2004
 
 380
 
9%
2005
 
 100
 
2%
2006
 
 100
 
2%
2007
 
 184
 
4%
2008
 
 216
 
5%
Total
 
 4,143
 
100%

Freight Car Fleet

The average daily fleet of cars-on-line consists of approximately 224,000 cars, but at any point in time, over half of the railcars on the CSXT system are not owned or leased by CSXT.   Examples of these are: railcars owned by other railroads (which are utilized by CSXT), shipper-furnished or private cars (which are generally used only in that shipper’s service) and multi-level railcars.

CSXT’s freight car fleet consists of six main types of cars:

Gondolas – Support CSXT’s metals markets and provide transport for woodchips and other bulk commodities.  Some gondolas are equipped with special hoods for protecting products like coil and sheet steel.

Open-top hoppers – Transport heavy dry bulk commodities such as coal, coke, stone, sand, ores and gravel that are resistant to weather conditions.

Box cars – Include a variety of tonnages, sizes, door configurations and heights to accommodate a wide range of finished products, including paper, auto parts, appliances and building materials.  Insulated box cars deliver food products, canned goods, beer and wine.

Covered hoppers – Have a permanent roof and are segregated based upon commodity density.  Lighter bulk commodities such as grain, fertilizer, flour, salt, sugar, clay and lime are shipped in large cars called jumbo covered hoppers.  Heavier commodities like cement, ground limestone and glass sand are shipped in small cube covered hoppers.

Multi-level flat cars – Transport finished automobiles and are differentiated by the number of levels: bi-levels for large vehicles such as pickup trucks and SUVs and tri-levels for sedans and smaller automobiles.

Flat cars – Used for shipping intermodal containers and trailers or bulk and finished goods, such as lumber, pipe, plywood, drywall and pulpwood.


 
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Other cars owned or leased on the network include, but are not limited to, center beam cars for transporting lumber and building products.

CSXT owns more than 60% of its freight cars.  At December 2008, CSXT’s owned and long-term leased freight car fleet consisted of the following:

 
 
Freight Cars
 
%
Gondolas
 26,377
 
29%
Open-top hoppers
 18,760
 
21%
Box cars
 13,198
 
14%
Covered hoppers
 12,915
 
14%
Multi-level flat cars
 11,772
 
13%
Flat cars
 7,195
 
8%
Other cars
 1,133
 
1%
Total
 91,350
 
100%


Intermodal Property

Infrastructure

Intermodal serves 56 terminals in 22 states. These terminals serve as a transfer point between rail and trucks. If the city or state has more than one terminal, it is indicated by the number next to it (listed in alphabetical order by state).

Intermodal Terminals
Mobile, AL
Kansas City, MO
Lathrop, CA
Charlotte, NC
Los Angeles/Long Beach, CA (3)
Buffalo, NY
Oakland, CA
Syracuse, NY
Jacksonville, FL (2)
New York/New Jersey (6)
Miami, FL
Cincinnati, OH
Orlando, FL
Cleveland, OH
Tampa, FL
Columbus, OH (2)
Atlanta, GA (2)
Marion, OH
Savannah, GA (2)
Portland, OR
Chicago, IL (3)
Chambersburg, PA
East St. Louis, IL (2)
Philadelphia, PA
Indianapolis, IN
Charleston, SC
Evansville, IN
Memphis, TN (2)
New Orleans, LA
Nashville, TN
Boston, MA
Houston, TX
Springfield, MA
Dallas, TX
Worcester, MA (3)
Portsmouth, VA
Baltimore, MD
Seattle, WA
Detroit, MI
 



 
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Equipment

Intermodal equipment consists primarily of containers, chassis and other equipment (such as lift equipment).  Containers are weather-proof boxes used for bulk shipment of freight, and chassis are the wheeled support framework for a container that allows it to be attached to a tractor.  All of Intermodal’s chassis are leased.  Intermodal also has other types of equipment such as doublestack railcars, which are railcars that allow for two containers to be mounted one above the other.

At December 2008, Intermodal owned or long-term leased equipment consisted of the following:

 
Equipment
 
%
Containers
 14,577
 
52%
Chassis
 13,060
 
47%
Other
 426
 
2%
Total
 28,063
 
100%


Item 3.  Legal Proceedings

The Company is subject to various legal proceedings and claims that arise in the ordinary course of business.  For more information on legal proceedings, see Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations under the caption “Critical Accounting Estimates – Casualty, Environmental and Legal Reserves” and Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data - Note 6 Commitments and Contingencies under the caption “Other Legal Proceedings.”


 
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Item 4.  Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

There were no matters submitted to a vote of security holders in the fourth quarter of 2008.

Executive Officers of the Registrant

Executive officers of the Company are elected by the CSX Board of Directors and generally hold office until the next annual election of officers.  There are no family relationships or any arrangement or understanding between any officer and any other person pursuant to which such officer was elected.  As of the date of this filing, the executive officers are:

 
Name and Age
 
Business Experience During Past 5 Years
 
Michael J. Ward, 58
Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer
 
 
A 31-year veteran of the Company, Ward has served as Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of CSX since January 2003.  In 2000, he was named President of CSXT, and he was later appointed President of CSX and elected to the Board of Directors in 2002.
 
His distinguished railroad career has included key executive positions in nearly all aspects of the Company’s business, including sales and marketing, operations and finance.
 
Oscar Munoz, 49
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
 
Munoz has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of CSX and CSXT since May 2003 and is responsible for management and oversight of all financial, strategic planning, information technology, purchasing and real estate activities of CSX.
 
He brings to the Company years of experience from a variety of industries.  Before joining CSX in 2003, Munoz served as Chief Financial Officer and Vice President of AT&T Consumer Services.  He has also held key executive positions within the telecommunication and beverage industries, including the Coca-Cola Company and Pepsico Corporation.

 
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Name and Age
 
Business Experience During Past 5 Years
 
Tony L. Ingram, 62
Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer
 
Ingram has served as Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of CSXT since March 2004 and manages all aspects of the Company’s operations across its 21,000 mile network, including transportation, service design, customer service, engineering and mechanical.
 
Prior to joining CSXT in 2004, Ingram spent more than 30 years at Norfolk Southern where he served as Senior Vice President – Transportation, Network and Mechanical from February 2003 to March 2004 and Vice President, Transportation – Operations from March 2000 to February 2003.
 
 
Clarence W. Gooden, 57
Executive Vice President of Sales and Marketing and Chief Commercial Officer
Gooden has been the Executive Vice President and Chief Commercial Officer of CSX and CSXT since April 2004 and is responsible for generating customer revenue, forecasting business trends and developing CSX’s model for future revenue growth.
 
A member of the Company for more than 35 years, Gooden has held key executive positions in both operations and sales and marketing, including being appointed President of CSX Intermodal in 2001 and Senior Vice President of the Merchandise Service Group in 2002.
 
 
Ellen M. Fitzsimmons, 48
Senior Vice President of Law and Public Affairs, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary
 
Fitzsimmons has been the Senior Vice President of Law and Public Affairs, General Counsel, and Corporate Secretary since December 2003.  She serves as the Company’s chief legal officer and oversees all government relations and public affairs activities.
 
During her 17-year tenure with the Company, her broad responsibilities have included key roles in major risk and corporate governance-related areas.
 

 
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Name and Age
 
Business Experience During Past 5 Years
 
Lisa A. Mancini, 49
Senior Vice President of Human Resources and Labor Relations
 
Mancini assumed the role of Senior Vice President of Human Resources and Labor Relations in January 2009 and is responsible for employee compensation and benefits, labor relations, organizational development and transformation, recruitment, training and various administrative activities.  She previously served as Vice President-Strategic Infrastructure Initiatives from 2007 to 2009 and, prior to that, Vice President – Labor Relations.
 
Prior to joining CSX in 2003, Mancini served as Chief Operating Officer of the San Francisco Municipal Railway and held executive positions at the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Authority and Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority.
 
 
Carolyn T. Sizemore, 45
Vice President and Controller
 
Sizemore has served as Vice President and Controller of CSX and CSXT since April 2002 and is responsible for financial and regulatory reporting, paying the Company’s 34,000 employees, accounts payable and billing and collections for outside party expenditures along with various other accounting processes.
 
Her responsibilities during her 19-year tenure with the Company have included roles in finance and audit-related areas including a variety of positions in accounting, finance strategies, budgets and performance analysis.
 



 
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Item 5.  Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Market Information
 
        CSX’s common stock is listed on the NYSE, which is its principal trading market, and is traded over-the-counter and on exchanges nationwide.  The official trading symbol is “CSX.” 

Description of Common and Preferred Stock

A total of 600 million shares of common stock are authorized, of which 390,526,847 shares were outstanding as of December 2008.  Each share is entitled to one vote in all matters requiring a vote of shareholders.  There are no pre-emptive rights.  At January 30, 2009, the latest practicable date, there were 40,626 common stock shareholders of record.  The weighted average of common shares outstanding, which was used in the calculation of diluted earnings per share, was approximately 409 million as of December 26, 2008.  (See Note 2, Earnings Per Share.)

A total of 25 million shares of preferred stock is authorized, none of which is currently outstanding.

The following table sets forth, for the quarters indicated, the dividends declared and the high and low share prices of CSX common stock as required by SEC Regulation S-K.

 
Quarter
 
     
1st
2nd
3rd
4th
 
Year
2008
 
Dividends
$0.15
$0.18
$0.22
$0.22
 
$0.77
 
Common Stock Price
 
 
High
$58.10
$70.70
$69.50
$56.35
 
$70.70
 
Low
$39.87
$55.04
$50.50
$30.61
 
$30.61
 
2007
 
Dividends
$0.12
$0.12
$0.15
$0.15
 
$0.54
 
Common Stock Price
 
 
High
$42.53
$47.38
$51.88
$46.49
 
$51.88
 
Low
$33.50
$39.36
$38.09
$40.17
 
$33.50

 
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 Stock Performance Graph

The cumulative shareholder returns, assuming reinvestment of dividends, on $100 invested at December 31, 2003 is illustrated on the graph below.  The Company references the Standard & Poor 500 Stock Index (“S&P 500”) and the Dow Jones U.S. Transportation Average Index, which provide comparisons to a broad-based market index and other companies in the transportation industry.  As shown in the graph, CSX’s five-year stock returns significantly outpaced those of the S&P 500.ock


 

 * The S&P 500 is a registered trademark of the McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

 
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CSX Purchases of Equity Securities

            CSX is required to disclose any purchases of its own common stock for the most recent quarter.  CSX purchases its own shares for two primary reasons: to further its goals under its share repurchase program and to fund the Company’s contribution required to be paid in CSX common stock under a 401(k) plan which covers certain union employees.

 In March 2008, CSX announced an increase to its share repurchase program, prospectively targeting $3 billion in shares.  Since that announcement, CSX has completed its internal target of $1.25 billion in share repurchases during 2008.  As a result, the company has remaining authority of $1.75 billion.   Further repurchases will be dependent upon an improvement in the capital market and business conditions.

Share repurchase activity for fourth quarter 2008 was as follows:


 
 CSX Purchases of Equity Securities
for the Quarter
 
             
Fourth Quarter
Total Number of Shares Purchased
Average Price Paid per Share
Total Number of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
 
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
             
Beginning Fourth Quarter Balance
       
 $2,013,000,965
 
October
         
 
(September 27, 2008 - October 24, 2008)
 4,776,500
 $55.05
 4,776,500
 
 $1,750,065,626
             
November - December
         
 
(October 25, 2008 - December 26, 2008)
 -
 $        -
 -
 
 $1,750,065,626
 
Total/Ending Balance
 4,776,500
 $55.05
 4,776,500
 
 $1,750,065,626





 
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Item 6.  Selected Financial Data

Selected financial data and significant events related to the Company’s financial results for the last five fiscal years are listed below.

   
Fiscal Years
(Dollars in Millions, Except Per Share Amounts)
2008
2007
2006
2005
2004
 
Earnings From Continuing Operations
 
Operating Revenue
 $11,255
 $10,030
 $9,566
 $8,618
 $8,040
 
Operating Expense
 8,487
 7,770
 7,417
 7,062
 7,043
 
Operating Income
 $2,768
 $2,260
 $2,149
 $1,556
 $997
 
Earnings from Continuing Operations
 $1,365
 $1,226
 $1,310
 $720
 $418
 
Earnings Per Share:
 
From Continuing Operations
 $3.41
 $2.85
 $2.98
 $1.67
 $0.97
 
From Continuing Operations, Assuming Dilution
 3.34
 2.74
 2.82
 1.59
 0.94
 
Financial Position
 
Cash, Cash Equivalents and Short-term Investments
 $745
 $714
 $900
 $602
 $859
 
Total Assets
 26,288
 25,534
 25,129
 24,232
 24,605
 
Long-term Debt
 7,512
 6,470
 5,362
 5,093
 6,248
 
Shareholders' Equity
 8,048
 8,685
 8,942
 7,954
 6,811
 
Other Data Per Common Share
 
Dividend Per Share
 $0.77
 $0.54
 $0.33
 $0.215
 $0.20
 
Employees -- Annual Averages
 
Rail
 31,664
 32,477
 32,987
 32,033
 32,074
 
Other
 2,699
 2,966
 3,018
 3,076
 3,833
   
Total
 34,363
 35,443
 36,005
 35,109
 35,907

Significant Events

2008
--
Recognized an impairment loss of $166 million pre-tax, or $107 million after-tax, on investment in The Greenbrier resort.

 
--
Recognized a tax benefit of $18 million principally related to the settlement of federal income tax  audits and certain other tax matters.

 
--
Recorded a non-cash adjustment to income of $30 million pre-tax, or $19 million after-tax, to correct equity earnings from a non-consolidated subsidiary. 

2007
--
Recognized gains of $27 million pre-tax, or $17 million after-tax, on insurance recoveries from claims related to Hurricane Katrina.  (See Note 13, Hurricane Katrina.)

2006
--
Two-for-one split of the Company’s common stock effective 2006.  All periods have been retroactively restated to reflect the stock split.

 
--
Recognized gains of $168 million pre-tax, or $104 million after-tax, on insurance recoveries from claims related to Hurricane Katrina.  (See Note 13, Hurricane Katrina.)

 
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Significant events, continued:

 
--
Recognized an income tax benefit of $151 million primarily related to the resolution of certain tax matters, including resolution of ordinary course federal income tax audits for 1994 – 1998.

 
--
Recognized a $26 million after-tax non-cash gain on additional Conrail property received.

2005
--
Recognized a charge of $192 million pre-tax, or $123 million after-tax, to repurchase $1.0 billion of outstanding debt, for costs of the increase in current market value above original issue value.  (See Note 8, Debt and Credit Agreements.)

 
--
Recognized an income tax benefit of $71 million for the Ohio legislative change to gradually eliminate its corporate franchise tax.

2004
--
Recognized a charge of $71 million pre-tax, or $44 million after-tax, for separation expenses related to management restructuring.

 
--
Recognized a $16 million after-tax non-cash gain on the Conrail spin-off transaction.






 
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Item 7.  Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

STRATEGIC OVERVIEW

The Company provides customers with access to an expansive and interconnected transportation network that links ports, production facilities and distribution centers to markets in the Northeast, Midwest and southern states.  The Company serves major markets in the eastern United States and has direct access to all Atlantic and Gulf Coast ports, as well as the Mississippi River, the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Seaway.  The Company also has access to Pacific ports through alliances with western railroads. Overall, the CSXT transportation network encompasses approximately 21,000 route miles of track in 23 states, the District of Columbia and the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec.

The Company transports a broad portfolio of products, ranging from coal to new energy sources such as ethanol, to automobiles, chemicals and consumer electronics. Those goods are transported across the country in a way that minimizes the impact on the environment, takes traffic off an already congested highway system and minimizes fuel consumption and transportation costs.

The Company’s transportation network serves some of the largest population centers in the nation.  More than two-thirds of Americans live within the Company’s service territory, accounting for about three-quarters of the nation’s consumption.  With a mix of pricing, productivity gains, and prudent investment in train network and rail efficiency, the Company will position itself to take full advantage of an eventual economic recovery.

Over the past five years, the Company has made substantial strides in improving operating performance.  In 2004, CSXT implemented the ONE Plan, which is being updated to drive greater network efficiencies.  The Company also continues to advance its Total Service Integration (“TSI”) initiative, which aims to better align the Company’s capabilities with customer demands.  TSI aims to optimize train size and increase asset utilization while delivering more reliable service to customers. Increases in train size reduce the overall number of shipments resulting in less network congestion and idle time for locomotives and reduce loading and unloading time for customers.  These efforts combined with other efficiencies have resulted in substantial improvements in the Company’s operating income, operating ratio/margin and free cash flow.


 
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In 2008, the Company launched the National Gateway, a multi-million dollar public-private infrastructure initiative to create a more efficient freight transportation link between the Mid-Atlantic ports and the Midwest.  When completed, the National Gateway will provide greater capacity for product shipments in and out of the Midwest, reduce truck traffic on already crowded highways and create new jobs.

The global recession that intensified in late 2008 will continue to impact CSX’s business in 2009, and rail volume will be lower for the year. Beginning in late December, the Company began taking aggressive actions to manage costs and right-size resources to match demand conditions.  The Company has made adjustments to the ONE Plan to reduce the size of its scheduled train network in order to conserve resources.  As a result, the Company has begun furloughing employees (which is a temporary layoff) who will return to work when business conditions improve.  Additionally, the Company has reduced the number of active locomotives on its network and has placed older locomotives in storage to reduce maintenance costs.  The Company will continue to modify the ONE Plan and adjust resources accordingly in order to seek to maximize efficiencies in the current business environment.


 
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2008 HIGHLIGHTS

 
·
Revenue grew $1.2 billion or 12% to $11.3 billion.

 
·
Expenses increased $717 million or 9% to $8.5 billion.

 
·
Operating income increased $508 million or 22% to $2.8 billion.

 
·
Service and safety measurements remained strong.

Despite a challenging economy in the later part of 2008, CSX delivered solid financial results. Revenue and revenue per unit increased 12% and 17%, respectively, from a year ago reflecting yield management initiatives and higher fuel recovery due to higher fuel prices during most of the year.  Under CSXT’s fuel surcharge program, CSXT bills the customer on a two month lag for fuel.  This lag creates higher fuel recovery in a period when fuel prices are declining.  Conversely, this lag creates lower fuel recovery in a period when fuel prices are increasing.

These positive results in revenue were achieved despite volume declines in three of the Company’s four lines of business.  The overall 4% volume decrease versus last year was primarily driven by continued weakness in the merchandise market relating to housing construction and associated markets as well as declines in automotive production.

For additional information, refer to Rail and Intermodal Results of Operations discussed on pages 38 through 40.

Throughout 2008, the Company continued its focus on safety and operating performance.  Leadership and high levels of employee commitment to the Company’s safety programs delivered solid improvement in both FRA personal injury and train accident frequencies.  Personal injury frequency improved to a record 1.14, a 7% improvement compared to 2007. FRA train accident frequency fell to 2.68, an 11% improvement versus the prior year.

The Company’s safety and train accident prevention programs rely on broad employee involvement.  The programs utilize operating rules training, compliance measurement, root cause analysis, communication, structured competition and leadership to create a safer environment for employees and the public.  Continued capital investment in Company assets, including track, bridges, signals, and detection technology, also supports improved safety performance.


 
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Key service metrics remained at historically high levels in 2008.  On-time train originations and arrivals, 79% and 70% respectively, were identical over both years.  Average dwell rose slightly to 23.3 hours, primarily due to lower demand levels and resulting surpluses in certain equipment types. Average train velocity declined 1%, although the network remained fluid.  Cars-on-line rose slightly with cars counts increasing 1%.  The Company aims to improve key operating measures to achieve increased efficiency and higher levels of service reliability.

RAIL OPERATING STATISTICS (Estimated)
Fiscal Years
Improvement/
 
2008
2007
          (Decline)
%
Service
Measurements
FRA Personal Injuries Frequency Index
 1.14
 1.23
 7
%
 
 
FRA Train Accident Rate
 2.68
 3.01
 11
 
 
 
On-Time Train Originations
79%
79%
 -
 
 
On-Time Destination Arrivals
70%
70%
 -
 
 
 
Dwell
 23.3
 23.2
 -
 
 
Cars-On-Line
 223,574
 221,943
 (1)
 
 
 
System Train Velocity
 20.5
 20.8
 (1)
 
 
 
Increase/
 
 
(Decrease)
 
Resources
Route Miles
 21,205
 21,227
 -
%
 
Locomotives (owned and long-term leased)
 4,143
 4,007
 3
 
 
Freight Cars (owned and long-term leased)
 91,350
 94,364
 (3)
%

Key Performance Measures Definitions

FRA Personal Injuries Frequency Index – Number of FRA-reportable injuries per 200,000 man-hours.

FRA Train Accident Rate – Number of FRA-reportable train accidents per million train-miles.

On-Time Train Originations – Percent of scheduled road trains that depart the origin yard on-time or ahead of schedule.

On-Time Destination Arrivals – Percent of scheduled road trains that arrive at the destination yard on-time to two hours late (30 minutes for intermodal trains).

Dwell – Amount of time in hours between car arrival at and departure from the yard.  It does not include cars moving through the yard on the same train.

Cars-On-Line – A count of all cars on the network (does not include locomotives, cabooses, trailers, containers or maintenance equipment).

System Train Velocity – Average train speed between terminals in miles per hour (does not include locals, yard jobs, work trains or passenger trains).

 
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In addition to producing sound financial, safety and service results, CSX continued to focus on investing in its business and creating long-term value for shareholders during 2008.  The company has taken a balanced approach in deploying its capital through strategic investment, share repurchases and increased dividends for the benefit of shareholders.

Capital expenditures of $1.7 billion in 2008 were slightly lower than prior year.  The Company remains committed to maintaining and improving its existing infrastructure and to positioning itself for long-term growth through expanding network and terminal capacity.  As described below, free cash flow before dividends increased $845 million to $1.2 billion.  This increase was primarily driven by increased cash from operations which were a result of higher earnings.

CSX also steadily increased the quarterly dividend in 2008.  First, CSX increased its quarterly dividend from $0.15 to $0.18 during the second quarter of 2008.  It then increased the dividend again during the third quarter of 2008 to $0.22, which represented a 47% increase from the quarterly dividend level at fourth quarter 2007.  Additionally, CSX completed $1.25 billion of its $3 billion share repurchase program announced during 2008.  See Note 1, Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies.

Non-GAAP Reconciliation

Free cash flow is considered a non-GAAP financial measure under SEC Regulation G, Disclosure of Non-GAAP Measures. Management believes, however, that free cash flow is important in evaluating the Company’s financial performance and measures an ability to generate cash without incurring additional external financing. Free cash flow should be considered in addition to, rather than a substitute for, cash provided by operating activities.

Free cash flow is calculated by using net cash from operations and adjusting for property additions and certain other investing activities.  Also, added to free cash flow is the Company’s 42% economic interest in Conrail’s free cash flow which is not consolidated in CSX amounts.

The following table reconciles cash provided by operating activities (GAAP measure) to free cash flow (non-GAAP measure).   

 
 Fiscal Years
 
 
2008
2007
 
Change
(Dollars in Millions)
Net cash provided by operating activities
 $2,914
 $2,184
 
 $730
Property additions
 (1,740)
 (1,773)
 
 33
Other investing activities
 36
 (41)
 
 77
Conrail free cash flow
 11
 6
 
 5
Free Cash Flow (before payment of dividends)
 $1,221
 $376
 
 $845




 
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FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
Certain statements in this report and in other materials filed with the SEC, as well as information included in oral statements or other written statements made by the Company, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.  These forward-looking statements include, among others, statements regarding:
 
 
·
expectations as to results of operations and operational initiatives;

 
·
expectations as to the effect of claims, lawsuits, environmental costs, commitments, contingent liabilities, labor negotiations or agreements on the Company’s financial condition, result of operations or liquidity;

 
·
management’s plans, goals, strategies and objectives for future operations and other similar expressions concerning matters that are not historical facts, and management’s expectations as to future performance and operations and the time by which objectives will be achieved; and

 
·
future economic, industry or market conditions or performance and their effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or liquidity.
 
Forward-looking statements are typically identified by words or phrases such as “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “project,” “estimate,” “preliminary” and similar expressions. The Company cautions against placing undue reliance on forward-looking statements, which reflect its good faith beliefs with respect to future events and are based on information currently available to it as of the date the forward-looking statement is made.    Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results and will not necessarily be accurate indications of the timing when, or by which, such performance or results will be achieved. 
 

 
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CSX CORPORATION
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Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties and actual performance or results could differ materially from those anticipated by these forward-looking statements. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement. If the Company does update any forward-looking statement, no inference should be drawn that the Company will make additional updates with respect to that statement or any other forward-looking statements.  The following important factors, in addition to those discussed in Item 1A (Risk Factors) and elsewhere in this report, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by these forward-looking statements:
 
 
 
·
legislative, regulatory or legal developments involving transportation, including rail or intermodal transportation, the environment, hazardous materials,  taxation, including the outcome of tax claims and litigation, the potential enactment of initiatives to re-regulate the rail industry and the ultimate outcome of shipper and rate claims subject to adjudication;
 
 
·
the outcome of litigation and claims, including, but not limited to, those related to fuel surcharge, environmental contamination, personal injuries and occupational illnesses;

 
·
material changes in domestic or international economic or business conditions, including those affecting the transportation industry such as access to capital markets, ability to revise debt arrangements as contemplated, customer demand, customer acceptance of price increases, effects of adverse economic conditions affecting shippers and adverse economic conditions in the industries and geographic areas that consume and produce freight;

 
·
worsening conditions in the financial markets that may affect timely access to capital markets, as well as the cost of capital;

 
·
availability of insurance coverage at commercially reasonable rates or insufficient insurance coverage to cover claims or damages;

 
·
changes in fuel prices, surcharges for fuel and the availability of fuel;

 
·
the impact of increased passenger activities in capacity-constrained areas or regulatory changes affecting when CSXT can transport freight or service routes;

 
·
natural events such as severe weather conditions, including floods, fire, hurricanes and earthquakes, a pandemic crisis affecting the health of the Company’s employees, its shippers or the consumers of goods, or other unforeseen disruptions of the Company’s operations, systems, property or equipment;

 
34

CSX CORPORATION
PART II



 
·
noncompliance with applicable laws or regulations;

 
·
the inherent risks associated with safety and security, including the availability and cost of insurance, the availability and vulnerability of information technology, adverse economic or operational effects from actual or threatened war or terrorist activities and any governmental response;

 
·
labor costs and labor difficulties, including stoppages affecting either the Company’s operations or the customers’ ability to deliver goods to the Company for shipment;

 
·
competition from other modes of freight transportation, such as trucking and competition and consolidation within the transportation industry generally;

 
·
the Company’s success in implementing its strategic plans and operational objectives and improving operating efficiency;  and

 
·
changes in operating conditions and costs or commodity concentrations.

Other important assumptions and factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are specified elsewhere in this report and in CSX’s other SEC reports, accessible on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov and the Company’s website at www.csx.com.



 
35

CSX CORPORATION
PART II


FINANCIAL RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

2008 vs. 2007 Results of Operations

 
(Dollars in Millions)
Fiscal Year
     
             
CSX
     
       
Rail (b)
Intermodal
Consolidated (a)
     
       
2008
2007
2008
2007
2008
2007
$ Change
% Change
 
Revenue
 $9,789
 $8,674
 $1,466
 $1,356
 $11,255
 $10,030
 $1,225
 12
%
Operating Expense:
                 
 
Labor and Fringe
 2,879
 2,905
 76
 81
 2,955
 2,986
 31
 (1)
 
 
Materials, Supplies and Other (a)
 1,933
 1,747
 200
 178
 2,133
 1,925
 (208)
 11
 
 
Fuel (a)
 1,810
 1,307
 7
 5
 1,817
 1,312
 (505)
 38
 
 
Depreciation
 879
 849
 25
 34
 904
 883
 (21)
 2
 
 
Equipment and Other Rents
 317
 341
 108
 110
 425
 451
 26
 (6)
 
 
Inland Transportation
 (507)
 (448)
 760
 688
 253
 240
 (13)
 5
 
 
Gain on Insurance Recoveries
 -
 (27)
 -
 -
 -
 (27)
 (27)
 (100)
 
    Total Expense
 7,311
 6,674
 1,176
 1,096
 8,487
 7,770
 (717)
 9
 
 
Operating Income
 $2,478
 $2,000
 $290
 $260
 $2,768
 $2,260
 $508
 22
 
                         
 
Other Income (Expense) - Net
       
 (103)
 89
 (192)
 (216)
 
 
Interest Expense
       
 (519)
 (417)
 (102)
 24
 
 
Income Tax Expense
       
 (781)
 (706)
 (75)
 11
 
 
Earnings from Continuing Operations
       
 1,365
 1,226
 139
 11
 
 
Discontinued Operations
       
 -
 110
 (110)
 (100)
 
 
Net Earnings
       
 $1,365
 $1,336
 $29
 2
 
                         
 
Earnings Per Diluted Share
                     
 
From Continuing Operations
       
 3.34
 2.74
 0.60
 22
 
 
Discontinued Operations
       
 -
 0.25
 (0.25)
 (100)
 
 
Net Earnings
       
 3.34
 2.99
 0.35
 12
%
                         
 
Operating Ratio
74.7%
76.9%
80.2%
80.8%
75.4%
77.5%
     
 
Total Assets
 $25,343
 $24,502
 $321
 $283
         

 
(a)
Beginning in 2008, certain items have been reclassified within the income statement.  Certain prior-year data have been reclassified to conform to the 2008 presentation.

 
·
The Company reclassified all items within other operating income and certain items within other income into the Rail segment. As a result of this change, CSX consolidated operating income and Surface Transportation operating income are now the same; therefore, the Company will no longer report separate Surface Transportation results. The Rail segment was not materially impacted by these reclassifications.

 
·
The Company reclassified all non-locomotive fuel related costs previously included in materials, supplies and other into fuel on the Company’s consolidated income statement so that it now includes all fuel used for operations and maintenance.  For 2008 and 2007, these amounts were $150 million and $102 million, respectively.
 
(b)
In addition to CSXT, the Rail segment includes non-railroad subsidiaries such as TDSI, Transflo, CSX Technology and other subsidiaries.

 
36


 
 
Volume (Thousands of Units); Revenue (Dollars in Millions); Revenue Per Unit (Dollars)
Fiscal Years
                             
 
Volume
 
Revenue
 
Revenue Per Unit
 
2008
2007
% Change
 
2008
2007
% Change
 
2008
2007
% Change
Chemicals
 488
 522
 (7)
%
 
 $1,437
 $1,313
 9
 %
 $2,945
 $2,515
 17
%
Metals
 337
 355
 (5)
   
 751
 702
 7
   
 2,228
 1,977
 13
 
Total Industrial
 825
 877
 (6)
   
 2,188
 2,015
 9
   
 2,652
 2,298
 15
 
                             
Emerging Markets
 429
 491
 (13)
   
 628
 605
 4
   
 1,464
 1,232
 19
 
Forest Products
 316
 352
 (10)
   
 722
 722
 -
   
 2,285
 2,051
 11
 
Food and Consumer
 199
 212
 (6)
   
 456
 441
 3
   
 2,291
 2,080
 10
 
Total Housing
 944
 1,055
 (11)
   
 1,806
 1,768
 2
   
 1,913
 1,676
 14
 
                             
Agricultural Products
 432
 410
 5
   
 1,011
 786
 29
   
 2,340
 1,917
 22
 
Phosphates and Fertilizers
 335
 362
 (7)
   
 460
 421
 9
   
 1,373
 1,163
 18
 
Total Agriculture
 767
 772
 (1)
   
 1,471
 1,207
 22
   
 1,918
 1,563
 23
 
                             
Total Merchandise
 2,536
 2,704
 (6)
   
 5,465
 4,990
 10
   
 2,155
 1,845
 17
 
                             
Coal
 1,779
 1,771
 -
   
 3,110
 2,483
 25
   
 1,748
 1,402
 25
 
Coke and Iron Ore
 100
 91
 10
   
 175
 120
 46
   
 1,750
 1,319
 33
 
Total Coal
 1,879
 1,862
 1
   
 3,285
 2,603
 26
   
 1,748
 1,398
 25
 
                             
Automotive
 343
 439
 (22)
   
 784
 839
 (7)
   
 2,286
 1,911
 20
 
                             
Other
 -
 -
 -
   
 255
 242
 5
   
 -
 -
 -
 
Total Rail
 4,758
 5,005
 (5)
   
 9,789
 8,674
 13
   
 2,057
 1,733
 19
 
                             
International
 1,000
 1,132
 (12)
   
 509
 525
 (3)
   
 509
 464
 10
 
Domestic
 1,069
 979
 9
   
 929
 807
 15
   
 869
 824
 5
 
Other
 -
 -
 -
   
 28
 24
 17
   
 -
 -
 -
 
Total Intermodal
 2,069
 2,111
 (2)
   
 1,466
 1,356
 8
   
 709
 642
 10
 
                             
Total
 6,827
 7,116
 (4)
%
 
 $11,255
 $10,030
 12
 %
 
 $1,649
 $1,409
 17
 %

 
Prior periods have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.
 

 
37

CSX CORPORATION
PART II


2008 vs. 2007 Rail Results of Operations

Rail Operating Revenue

Rail revenue, which excludes Intermodal, is categorized by three main lines of business: merchandise, coal and automotive.  Rail revenue increased $1.1 billion, or 13%, to $9.8 billion in 2008 as compared to prior year. CSXT was able to achieve continued pricing gains predominantly due to the overall cost and service advantages that the Company’s rail based solutions provide to customers versus other modes of transportation. Higher fuel cost recovery, coupled with favorable pricing, more than offset volume losses driven by the weakening economy.

Merchandise

Chemicals – Revenue and revenue-per-unit improved due to a continued favorable pricing environment and fuel recoveries. Volume was down as a result of declines in plastic and plastic feedstock shipments, driven by weakness in housing, automotive and consumer goods markets.

Emerging Markets – Revenue and revenue-per-unit grew due to continued yield management efforts and favorable fuel recovery. Volume was down as a result of declines in aggregate shipments, such as crushed stone, sand and gravel, caused by a continued weakness in both residential and non-residential construction.  These declines more than offset growth in shipments of scrubber limestone and transportation equipment.

Forest Products – Revenue was flat and volume declined as shipments of building products slowed due to the decline in residential housing starts.  Further driving volume declines was a reduction in printing paper and newsprint as a combination of electronic media substitution and reduced advertising pages affected demand.

Agricultural Products – Revenue and volume increased due to continued growth in ethanol shipments and strong domestic demand in feed ingredients. Revenue-per-unit grew as a result of continued focus on yield management and increased fuel recovery.

Metals – Revenue and revenue-per-unit increased due to higher fuel recovery and continued pricing actions. Lower demand for steel due to continued weakness in construction and automobile production resulted in volume declines.  These declines more than offset growth in shipments of pipe which were driven by increases in drilling activity and pipeline construction.

Phosphates and Fertilizers – Volume declined in phosphate shipments as weak international and domestic demand resulted in plant curtailments.  Revenue-per-unit increases were driven primarily by yield initiatives and increased fuel recovery.

 
38

CSX CORPORATION
PART II


Food and Consumer – Volume declined with decreased demand for building products, appliances and consumer goods driven by the weakening economy and housing market.  Revenue-per-unit growth resulted from favorable fuel recoveries and yield initiatives.

Coal

Favorable pricing and fuel recovery positively influenced revenue and revenue-per-unit. Volumes were slightly up as strength in the export and river markets were offset by weakness in electric utility shipments.

Automotive

Volume and revenue declined due to a reduction in light vehicle production, several plant closures, and lower vehicle sales driven by the slowing economy and tight credit environment. Consistent with the overall automotive market, volumes continued to shift to foreign brands produced domestically. Revenue-per-unit improved due to yield initiatives and higher fuel recoveries.

Rail Operating Expense

Total rail operating expenses for 2008 increased 10% or $637 million to $7.3 billion compared to the prior year.  The description of what is included in each category as well as significant year over year changes is described below.

Labor and Fringe expenses include employee compensation and benefit programs.  These expenses are primarily affected by inflation, headcount, wage rates, incentives earned, healthcare plan costs, and pension and other post-retirement plan expenses.  These expenses decreased $26 million primarily driven by reduced staffing levels and lower benefit costs which were mostly offset by wage inflation.

Materials, Supplies and Other expenses consist primarily of materials and contracted services to maintain infrastructure and equipment and for terminal services at intermodal and automotive facilities.  This category also includes costs related to casualty claims, environmental remediation, train accidents, utilities, property and sales taxes and professional services.  Materials, supplies and other expenses increased by $186 million in 2008 primarily due to favorable personal injury reserve benefits in the prior year.  Additionally, these costs increased as a result of inflation, proxy contest and related litigation costs and other items.

Fuel expense includes locomotive diesel fuel as well as non-locomotive fuel.  This expense is driven by the market price and locomotive consumption of diesel fuel.  This expense increased $503 million due to higher fuel prices during most of the year which more than offset increased fuel efficiency.

 
39

CSX CORPORATION
PART II


Depreciation expense primarily relates to recognizing the cost of a capital asset, such as locomotives, railcars and track structure, over its useful life.  This expense is impacted primarily by the capital expenditures made each year.  This expense increased $30 million primarily due to a larger asset base as a result of higher capital spending.  This increase was partially offset by lower depreciation rates resulting from periodic asset life studies.

Equipment and Other Rents primarily includes rent paid for freight cars owned by other railroads or private companies, net of rents received by CSXT for use of CSXT equipment.  This category of expenses also includes lease expenses primarily for locomotives, railcars, containers and trailers, office and other rentals. These expenses decreased $24 million due mainly to lower volume and fewer locomotive leases.

Inland Transportation expense included in the rail segment is primarily for amounts paid to CSXT from Intermodal for shipments on CSXT’s network.  These intercompany charges are eliminated in consolidated results.  The remaining consolidated amount is expense paid by Intermodal to other transportation companies.

Gain on Insurance Recoveries includes gains on insurance recoveries related to Hurricane Katrina.  The decrease of $27 million is attributable to gains recognized in 2007 that were not repeated in 2008.

2008 vs. 2007 Intermodal Results of Operations

Intermodal operating income increased to $290 million, an increase of 12% or $30 million versus last year. Improved fuel recovery and a favorable traffic mix boosted revenue per unit and allowed for an 8% increase in revenue despite 2% fewer loads.  The volume impact of the continued deceleration of international traffic was somewhat offset by domestic growth in railroad provided container shipments, over-the-road truckload conversion, and short-haul moves in the Southeast.

Intermodal operating expense increased 7% or $80 million to $1.2 billion driven primarily by higher fuel prices and increased purchased transportation expense linked to growth in domestic transcontinental traffic.  Additionally, depreciation decreased based on the results of a periodic review of asset useful lives that was completed a year ago.


 
40

CSX CORPORATION
PART II


2008 vs. 2007 Additional Consolidated Results

Other Income (Expense) – Net

Other income decreased $192 million to a net expense of $103 million in 2008 primarily due to the recognition of a pre-tax impairment loss of $166 million related to the write-down of the investment in The Greenbrier resort.

Interest Expense

Interest expense increased $102 million in 2008 to $519 million due primarily to higher average debt balances in 2008.

Income Tax Expense

Income tax expense increased $75 million to $781 million which was driven by higher operating income in 2008.  This increase was partially offset by an $18 million income tax benefit during 2008 principally related to the settlement of federal income tax audits and certain other tax matters.

Net Earnings

 Net earnings increased $29 million to $1.4 billion and earnings per diluted share increased $.35 to $3.34 in 2008.  This increase was primarily due to the following factors:

 
·
Operating income increased $508 million primarily driven by higher revenues.  This increase in operating income was offset by an impairment loss associated with The Greenbrier resort along with higher interest expense due to higher debt levels.

 
·
Offsetting this increase was a $110 million 2007 tax benefit associated with the sale of CSX’s International Terminals business which is reported as discontinued operations in the prior year.





 
41

CSX CORPORATION
PART II


2007 vs. 2006 Results of Operations

(Dollars in Millions)
Fiscal Year
     
             
CSX
     
       
Rail (b)
Intermodal
Consolidated (a)
     
       
2007
2006
2007
2006
2007
2006
$ Change
% Change
 
Revenue
 $8,674
 $8,154
 $1,356
 $1,412
 $10,030
 $9,566
 $464
 5
%
Operating Expense:
                 
 
Labor and Fringe
 2,905
 2,848
 81
 82
 2,986
 2,930
 (56)
 2
 
 
Materials, Supplies and Other (a)
 1,747
 1,653
 178
 187
 1,925
 1,840
 (85)
 5
 
 
Fuel (a)
 1,307
 1,204
 5
 5
 1,312
 1,209
 (103)
 9
 
 
Depreciation
 849
 819
 34
 38
 883
 857
 (26)
 3
 
 
Equipment and Other Rents
 341
 377
 110
 130
 451
 507
 56
 (11)
 
 
Inland Transportation
 (448)
 (462)
 688
 704
 240
 242
 2
 (1)
 
 
Gain on Insurance Recoveries
 (27)
 (166)
 -
 (2)
 (27)
 (168)
 (141)
 (84)
 
 
    Total Expense
 6,674
 6,273
 1,096
 1,144
 7,770
 7,417
 (353)
 5
 
 
Operating Income
 $2,000
 $1,881
 $260
 $268
 $2,260
 $2,149
 $111
 5
 
                         
 
Other Income (Expense) - Net
       
 89
 84
 5
 6
 
 
Interest Expense
       
 (417)
 (392)
 (25)
 6
 
 
Income Tax Expense
       
 (706)
 (531)
 (175)
 33
 
 
Earnings from Continuing Operations
       
 1,226
 1,310
 (84)
 (6)
 
 
Discontinued Operations
       
 110
 -
 110
NM
 
 
Net Earnings
       
 $1,336
 $1,310
 $26
 2
 
                         
 
Earnings Per Diluted Share
                     
 
From Continuing Operations
       
 2.74
 2.82
 (0.08)
 (3)
 
 
Discontinued Operations
       
 0.25
 -
 0.25
NM
 
 
Net Earnings
       
 2.99
 2.82
 0.17
 6
%
                         
 
Operating Ratio
76.9%
76.9%
80.8%
81.0%
77.5%
77.5%
     
 
Total Assets
 $24,502
 $24,212
 $283
 $276
         

NM – not meaningful

 
a)
Beginning in 2008, certain items have been reclassified within the income statement.  Certain prior-year data have been reclassified to conform to the 2008 presentation.

 
·
The Company reclassified all items within other operating income and certain items within other income into the Rail segment. As a result of this change, CSX consolidated operating income and Surface Transportation operating income are now the same; therefore, the Company will no longer report separate Surface Transportation results. The Rail segment was not materially impacted by these reclassifications.

 
·
The Company reclassified all non-locomotive fuel related costs previously included in materials, supplies and other into fuel on the Company’s consolidated income statement so that it now includes all fuel used for operations and maintenance.  For 2007 and 2006, these amounts were $102 million and $97 million, respectively.

 
b)
In addition to CSXT, the Rail segment includes non-railroad subsidiaries such as TDSI, Transflo, CSX Technology, and other subsidiaries.

 
42

CSX CORPORATION
PART II



Volume (Thousands of Units); Revenue (Dollars in Millions); Revenue Per Unit (Dollars)
Fiscal Years
 
 
Volume
 
Revenue
 
Revenue Per Unit
 
 
2007
2006
% Change
 
2007
2006
% Change
 
2007
2006
% Change
 
Chemicals
 522
 528
 (1)
%
 
 $1,313
 $1,210
 9
 %
 
 $2,515
 $2,292
 10
%
 
Metals
 355
 364
 (2)
   
 702
 673
 4
   
 1,977
 1,849
 7
   
Total Industrial
 877
 892
 (2)
   
 2,015
 1,883
 7
   
 2,298
 2,111
 9
   
                               
Emerging Markets
 491
 524
 (6)
   
 605
 580
 4
   
 1,232
 1,107
 11
   
Forest Products
 352
 404
 (13)
   
 722
 773
 (7)
   
 2,051
 1,913
 7
   
Food and Consumer
 212
 245
 (13)
   
 441
 477
 (8)
   
 2,080
 1,947
 7
   
Total Housing
 1,055
 1,173
 (10)
   
 1,768
 1,830
 (3)
   
 1,676
 1,560
 7
   
                               
Agricultural Products
 410
 397
 3
   
 786
 681
 15
   
 1,917
 1,715
 12
   
Phosphates and Fertilizers
 362
 362
 -
   
 421
 354
 19
   
 1,163
 978
 19
   
Total Agriculture
 772
 759
 2
   
 1,207
 1,035
 17
   
 1,563
 1,364
 15
   
                               
Total Merchandise
 2,704
 2,824
 (4)
   
 4,990
 4,748
 5
   
 1,845
 1,681
 10
   
                               
Coal
 1,771
 1,798
 (2)
   
 2,483
 2,259
 10
   
 1,402
 1,256
 12
   
Coke and Iron Ore
 91
 94
 (3)
   
 120
 119
 1
   
 1,319
 1,266
 4
   
Total Coal
 1,862
 1,892
 (2)
   
 2,603
 2,378
 9
   
 1,398
 1,257
 11
   
                               
Automotive
 439
 463
 (5)
   
 839
 847
 (1)
   
 1,911
 1,829
 4
   
                               
Other
 -
 -
 -
   
 242
 181
 34
   
 -
 -
 -
   
Total Rail
 5,005
 5,179
 (3)
   
 8,674
 8,154
 6
   
 1,733
 1,574
 10
   
                               
International
 1,132
 1,281
 (12)
   
 525
 580
 (9)
   
 464
 453
 2
   
Domestic
 979
 898
 9
   
 807
 786
 3
   
 824
 875
 (6)
   
Other
 -
 -
 -
   
 24
 46
 (48)
   
 -
 -
 -
   
Total Intermodal
 2,111
 2,179
 (3)
   
 1,356
 1,412
 (4)
   
 642
 648
 (1)
   
                               
Total
 7,116
 7,358
 (3)
%
 
 $10,030
 $9,566
 5
 %
 
 $1,409
 $1,300
 8
 %
 


 
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CSX CORPORATION
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2007 vs. 2006 Rail Results of Operations

Rail Operating Revenue

Rail revenue is categorized by three main lines of business: merchandise, coal and automotive.  Revenue increased $520 million, or 6%, to $8.7 billion in 2007 as compared to prior year.  CSXT was able to achieve continued pricing gains predominantly due to the overall cost and service advantages that the Company’s rail based solutions provide to customers versus other modes of transportation. These pricing gains more than offset volume weakness in housing construction, domestic automobile production and related markets.

Merchandise

Chemicals – Revenue and revenue per unit improved due to a continued favorable pricing environment.  Overall volume declined slightly driven by reduced chlorine shipments and weakness in propane demand due to a milder winter in 2007.

Emerging Markets – Revenue and revenue per unit grew due to continued yield management efforts.  Volume was down as a result of declines in aggregate shipments, such as crushed stone, sand and gravel, caused by a continued weakness in residential construction.

Forest Products – Revenue and volume declined as shipments of building products and paper slowed due to the decline in residential housing starts and electronic media substitution.

Agricultural Products – Strong domestic demand in feed ingredients and soybean shipments supported growth in volume and revenue.  Ethanol volumes also increased as a result of expanded use in the Northeast.  Revenue per unit grew as a result of continued focus on yield management.

Metals – Revenue and revenue per unit increased due to continued pricing actions.  Lower demand for steel due to weakness in housing construction and domestic automobile production resulted in volume declines.

Phosphates and Fertilizers – Volume was flat as higher domestic demand was offset by a decrease in export shipments.  Favorable mix driven by these volume changes coupled with price increases resulted in significantly improved revenue and revenue per unit.

Food and Consumer – Revenue and volume declines were driven by decreased demand for building products, appliances and roofing granules, which are used to make shingles.

 
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Coal

Favorable pricing positively influenced revenue and revenue per unit. Overall tonnage was flat even though carloads slightly declined due to the use of higher capacity cars allowing the movement of more tons with fewer cars.  Strength in the export market was offset by weakness in utility shipments as stockpiles remain at record high levels.

Automotive

Volume declined due to a reduction in light vehicle production, several plant closures, and lower vehicle sales driven by the slowing economy and tight credit environment.  Consistent with the overall automotive market, volumes continued to shift to foreign brands produced domestically.

Other Rail Revenue

The change is primarily due to increased shipments by the Company’s regional railroads and more transloading activities associated with ethanol shipments.

Rail Operating Expense

Total rail operating expenses for 2007 increased 6% or $401 million to $6.7 billion compared to the prior year.  The description of what is included in each category as well as significant year over year changes is described below.

Labor and Fringe expenses include employee compensation and benefit programs.  These expenses are primarily affected by inflation, headcount, wage rates, incentives earned, healthcare plan costs, and pension and other post-retirement plan expenses.  These expenses increased $57 million primarily due to wage and benefit inflation, which was partially offset by improved productivity and reduced staffing levels.

Materials, Supplies and Other expenses consist primarily of materials and contracted services to maintain infrastructure and equipment and for terminal services at intermodal and automotive facilities.  This category also includes costs related to personal injury claims, environmental remediation, train accidents, utilities, property and sales taxes and professional services.  Overall, materials, supplies and other expenses increased by $94 million in 2007 primarily due to inflation, higher train accident related costs and higher environmental costs.  These costs were partially offset by $99 million of favorable personal injury reserve adjustments during the year.  This was due to a trend of significant decreases in the number and severity of work-related injuries for CSXT employees since 2003.



 
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Depreciation expense primarily relates to recognizing the cost of a capital asset, such as locomotives, railcars and track structure, over its useful life.  This expense is impacted primarily by the capital expenditures made each year.  This expense increased $30 million primarily due to a larger asset base as a result of higher capital spending partially offset by lower depreciation rates resulting from periodic asset life studies.

Fuel expense includes locomotive diesel fuel as well as non-locomotive fuel.  This expense is driven by the market price and locomotive consumption of diesel fuel offset by the effects of any hedging activities.  This expense increased $103 million primarily due to higher fuel prices and prior year hedge benefits that were not repeated during 2007 due to the expiration of the fuel hedge program.

Equipment and Other Rents primarily includes rent paid for freight cars owned by other railroads or private companies, net of rents received by CSXT for use of CSXT equipment.  This category of expenses also includes lease expenses primarily for locomotives, railcars, containers and trailers, office and other rentals. These expenses decreased $36 million due mainly to lower volume and fewer locomotive leases.

Inland Transportation expense included in the rail segment is for amounts paid to CSXT from Intermodal for shipments on CSXT’s network.  These intercompany charges are eliminated in consolidated results.  The remaining consolidated amount is expense paid by Intermodal to other transportation companies.

Gain on Insurance Recoveries includes gains on insurance recoveries related to Hurricane Katrina.  While gains were recognized in both years, the $139 million decrease for 2007 was due to higher cash receipts for lost profits and replacement value of property compared to the value of the property that was damaged in 2006 versus 2007.

2007 vs. 2006 Intermodal Results of Operations
 
Intermodal operating income declined 3% or $8 million to $260 million versus last year on 4% lower revenue, partially offset by volume related cost savings.  Revenue and volume decreases reflect losses of several international customers, the slowing of Asian imports throughout the year and mix impact related to growth in new short-haul domestic traffic.  Other revenue declined $22 million from the termination of an agreement relating to the storage of containers as well as lower general business levels. Revenue per unit declined slightly with yield gains in the international market being offset by mix changes related to the new short-haul domestic traffic.

Despite rising fuel costs, Intermodal operating expense declined 4% or $48 million to $1.1 billion driven by lower car hire expense related to volume and improved operational efficiency.  Additionally, depreciation decreased based on the results of a periodic review of asset useful lives.

 
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CSX CORPORATION
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2007 vs. 2006 Additional Consolidated Results of Operations

Other Income

Other income of $89 million in 2007 was relatively flat compared to the prior year.

Interest Expense

Interest expense increased $25 million to $417 million in 2007 primarily due to higher average debt balances.

Income Tax Expense

Income tax expense increased $175 million to $706 million.  This change is primarily due to higher earnings in 2007 and a prior year income tax benefit of $151 million related to the resolution of certain tax matters that was not repeated.

Net Earnings

Consolidated net earnings increased $26 million and totaled $1.3 billion, and earnings per diluted share increased $0.17 to $2.99.  The principal elements of these increases were:

 
·
Operating income increased $111 million driven by strong operating results.  These strong results were more than offset by $151 million of prior year income tax benefits that were not repeated.  The net of these and other items decreased earnings from continuing operations by $84 million or $.08 per diluted share.

 
·
The $110 million or $.25 per diluted share gain in discontinued operations on the Company’s consolidated income statement in 2007 related to the resolution of certain tax matters associated with previously discontinued operations.

 
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CSX CORPORATION
PART II


LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Liquidity is a company’s ability to generate adequate amounts of cash to meet both current and future needs for obligations as they mature and to provide for planned capital expenditures.  In order to have a complete picture of a company’s liquidity, its balance sheet, sources and uses of cash flow and external factors should be reviewed.

Material Changes in the Consolidated Balance Sheets

CSX’s balance sheet reflects its strong capital base and the impact of CSX’s balanced approach in deploying its capital for the benefit of its shareholders, which includes reinvestment in the Company’s existing infrastructure, investments in the network, share repurchases and dividends.

Long-term debt increased $1 billion to $7.5 billion driven by debt issuances of $1.35 billion in 2008.  This increase was partially offset by a $464 million decrease in current maturities of long-term debt due mainly to debt repayments and convertible debt being converted into CSX common stock.

Total shareholder’s equity decreased $637 million during 2008.  This decrease was mainly attributable to share repurchases that exceeded net earnings as well as adjustments to other comprehensive income related to unrealized pension losses and the payment of dividends.  See Note 1, Nature of Operations and Significant Accounting Policies.

Sources and Uses of Cash

The Company has multiple sources of cash.  First, the Company generates cash from operations.  In 2008, the Company generated $2.9 billion of cash from operating activities, which represented a $730 million increase from the prior year due to higher cash flow generated from rail and intermodal operations.  Second, CSX has numerous financing sources including a $1.25 billion five-year unsecured revolving credit facility that expires in May 2012.  This facility can be increased by an additional $500 million to $1.75 billion with the approval of the lending banks.  See Note 8, Debt and Credit Agreements for more information.

CSX also has an effective shelf registration statement on file with the SEC that is unlimited as to amount and may be used, subject to market conditions and CSX Board authorization, to issue debt or equity securities at CSX’s discretion. While CSX seeks to give itself flexibility with respect to cash requirements, there can be no assurance that market conditions would permit CSX to sell such debt securities on acceptable terms at any given time, or at all.


 
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CSX CORPORATION
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Among other things, the Company uses cash for share repurchases and scheduled payments of debt and leases.  CSX also uses cash to pay dividends to shareholders, as declared by the Board of Directors.  CSX paid dividends of $308 million in 2008, which was $77 million more than prior year.  The increase in 2008 was primarily due to CSX increasing quarterly dividends to $0.22 per share.  CSX also repurchased $1.6 billion of shares in 2008.  
 
Net cash used by investing activities during 2008 was $1.4 billion.  This use of funds was predominately driven by $1.7 billion of capital additions which are further described below.  This use of cash was slightly offset by proceeds from sales of short-term investments.

    Fiscal Years
Capital Additions (Dollars in millions)
2008
2007
2006
Track, Bridges, Signals and Other Related
 $933
 $821
 $714
Locomotives and Freight Cars
 454
 458
 373
Capacity and Commercial Facilities
 147
 272
 247
Hurricanes Katrina / Gustav Asset Replacement
 42
 24
 114
Other
 164
 198
 191
Total
 $1,740
 $1,773
 $1,639

Capital spending and maintenance programs are and have been designed to assure the ability to provide safe, efficient and reliable transportation services.  For 2009, CSX plans to spend $1.6 billion of capital of which approximately 90% will be used to sustain the core infrastructure, terminals, locomotives, freight cars and technology.  The remaining 10% will be allocated to high return growth and productivity investments.

CSX is continually evaluating market and regulatory conditions that could affect the Company’s ability to generate sufficient returns on capital investments.  CSX may revise this estimate as a result of changes in business conditions, tax legislation or the enactment of new laws or regulations.

Liquidity and Working Capital

Currently, CSX is well positioned from a liquidity standpoint.  The Company ended the year with over $700 million of cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments.  CSX also has a $1.25 billion credit facility with a diverse portfolio of banks that was not drawn on.  Additionally, in January 2009, the Company took advantage of an improvement in capital market conditions and issued $500 million of new debt. 

Working capital can also be considered a measure of a company’s ability to meet its short-term needs.  CSX had a working capital deficit of $13 million and $180 million at December 2008 and 2007, respectively.  The favorable change was primarily due to increased earnings.

 
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CSX CORPORATION
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The Company’s working capital balance varies due to factors such as the timing of scheduled debt payments and changes in cash and cash equivalent balances as discussed above.  A working capital deficit is not unusual for CSX or other companies in the industry and does not indicate a lack of liquidity. The Company continues to maintain adequate current assets to satisfy current liabilities and maturing obligations when they come due.  Furthermore, CSX has sufficient financial capacity, including the credit facility and shelf registration statement, to manage its day-to-day cash requirements and any anticipated obligations.  The Company from time to time accesses the credit markets for additional liquidity. Due to the current economic and credit market environment, CSX may be unable to access capital due lack of market demand or may experience higher interest costs.

Credit Ratings

Credit ratings reflect an independent agency’s judgment on the likelihood that a borrower will repay a debt obligation at maturity.  The ratings reflect many considerations, such as the nature of the borrower’s industry and its competitive position, the size of the company, its liquidity and access to capital and the sensitivity of a company’s cash flows to changes in the economy.  The two largest rating agencies, Standard & Poor’s (“S&P”) and Moody’s Investors Service (“Moody’s”), use alphanumeric codes to designate their ratings.  The highest quality rating for long-term credit obligations is AAA+ and Aaa1 for S&P and Moody’s, respectively.  A security rating is not a recommendation to buy, sell or hold securities and may be subject to revision or withdrawal at any time by the assigning rating agency.

Long-term ratings of BBB- and Baa3 or better by S&P and Moody’s, respectively, reflect ratings on debt obligations that fall within a band of credit quality considered to be “investment grade.”  Currently, the long-term ratings for CSX’s obligations fall within the investment grade band of credit quality.

Following CSX’s 2008 annual meeting, S&P issued a release noting its outlook for CSX changed to negative as a result of the new Board composition; however, S&P further noted it does not anticipate downgrading the rating unless CSX is no longer committed to targeting an investment grade capital structure or adopts a more aggressive financial policy.  Moody’s outlook for CSX continues to be stable. 

If CSX's credit ratings were to decline to lower levels, the Company could experience significant increases in its interest cost for new debt.  In addition, the market’s demand, and thus the Company’s ability to readily issue new debt, could become further influenced by the economic and credit market environment. 


 
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CSX CORPORATION
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SCHEDULE OF CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS AND COMMERCIAL COMMITMENTS

The following tables set forth maturities of the Company's contractual obligations and other commitments:

<
Type of Obligation
2009
2010
2011
2012
2013
Thereafter